Womens Justice Center

News Round-up ~ Resumen de noticias


Wednesday marks International Safe Abortion Day. Every year on this day, September 28, women’s health advocates from around the world unite in support of ensuring universal access to safe abortion care and the repeal of laws that criminalize abortion. This global day of action began in Latin America over a quarter-century ago in response to the countless deaths and injuries resulting from clandestine abortion procedures in the region, a reality still faced by millions of women today throughout the world.

Abortion is common. Globally, an estimated 56 million abortions took place each year between 2010 and 2014, which translates to one in four pregnancies ending in abortion.

A recent study, Abortion Incidence Between 1990 and 2014: Global, Regional, and Subregional Levels and Trends, conducted jointly by the Guttmacher Institute and the World Health Organization, found that most developed regions have seen a marked decline in the rate of abortion, dropping over a 25-year period from 46 to 27 per every 1,000 women of childbearing age. This downward trend suggests that women and couples in developed countries have become more successful at avoiding unintended pregnancies, a welcome development.

But the study also reveals uncomfortable truths about the situation elsewhere.

In developing countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean, the overall rate of abortion has barely changed over the same time period, dropping only slightly from 39 to 37 per every 1,000 women.

What is behind these figures and what must we do about it?



Venezuelan Women Reluctantly Opt For Sterilization Amid Economic Crisis


40 Years Is Enough: Let’s End the Harmful and Unjust Hyde Amendment

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In Saudi Arabia, a country many view as synonymous with gender discrimination, women are seeing signs of change. While a few top-down reforms have come in recent years — the right to vote in municipal elections, for example, was introduced by King Abdullah in 2011 — many working at the grassroots level are agitating for more fundamental change. Over the summer, activists launched an online campaign calling for the dismantling of Saudi Arabia’s controversial “guardianship” system, which puts women under the authority of male relatives — something many see as a fundamental obstacle to women’s basic rights in the kingdom.

For the past several months, Saudi women and their supporters around the world have tweeted under the hashtag #سعوديات_نطالب_باسقاط_الولايه [translation: “Saudi Women Demand the End (literal: downfall) of Guardianship”].

The campaign has also used the English hashtags #IAmMyOwnGuardian and #StopEnslavingSaudiWomen to draw in international supporters, as well as local advocates.

The goal, says long-time activist Aziza al-Yousef, is to gain Saudi women the right to be “full citizens … responsible for her own acts.” Alongside their tweets, activists circulated a petition calling for the end of the guardianship system, which garnered over 14,000 signatures by last weekend. On Monday, activists, including al-Yousef, brought the petition in person to the royal court, where they were unable to deliver the document, but were directed to send it via mail.


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Update: 10/3/16,  Colombia Plunged Into Uncertainty As Voters Narrowly Reject Peace Deal With FARC Rebels

Opponents of the pact believed it was too soft on the rebels by allowing them to re-enter society, form a political party and escape traditional jail sentences.


BOGOTA, Sept 28 "The peace deal makes it clear that sexual violence is not up for amnesty"

BOGOTA, Sept 28 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Under a newly-signed peace deal to end Colombia's war, women who have been raped by military forces or rebel fighters may expect to have the crimes against them investigated by a special unit.

The accord between the government and rebel Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) also pledges to improve access to land for women farmers through a land bank and subsidies.

And seeks to encourage rural women to move away from growing coca, the raw ingredient for cocaine, by providing creches and other kinds of support.

It's unlikely such provisions would be in place had women been excluded from the peace talks but their role in the process has led to an unprecedented focus on women's rights in the final deal, setting a strong example for others, analysts said.

"Colombia has raised the bar in terms of women's direct and indirect participation in a peace process," said Miriam Coronel Ferrer, the Philippine government's chief peace negotiator with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), the country's largest Muslim rebel group.

"It's a good model to inspire other countries. Excluding women hurts a peace process," she told the Thomson



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"Muchas jóvenes optan por la vida en pareja a temprana edad y esperan encontrar en su nuevo hogar protección, cariño, seguridad y, en muchos casos, no es así; el impacto psicológico que confronta la realidad contra las expectativas puede ser brutal"

Xalapa, México, 19 sep. 16. AmecoPress/ SEMlac.- Su marido le quemó el cuerpo con agua caliente e incendió la ropa que la joven de 17 años tenía sobre la cama.
Llevaba ya algún tiempo sufriendo violencia física y sexual por parte del hombre con quien se casó a los 15, pero ese episodio fue el que la decidió a pedir ayuda al Instituto Municipal de la Mujer de la ciudad mexicana de Xalapa. Al llegar allí, lo único que quería era que la psicóloga le asegurara que él iba a cambiar.

La psicóloga Nancy Villegas García, coordinadora de Desarrollo Humano y Oportunidades de ese Instituto, recuerda que el día en que la joven llegó a sus oficinas se encontraba en un estado total de negación. "Tenía coraje contra su madre, más que contra su pareja", relata. 

"Muchas jóvenes optan por la vida en pareja a temprana edad y esperan encontrar en su nuevo hogar protección, cariño, seguridad y, en muchos casos, no es así; el impacto psicológico que confronta la realidad contra las expectativas puede ser brutal", asegura Villegas.

En el estado de Veracruz, desde 2014, la legislación ya no permite a menores de edad contraer matrimonio; sin embargo, ello no ha impedido que niñas, niños y adolescentes continúen optando por la vida en pareja.

Arturo Narváez Aguilera, coordinador de la Red por los Derechos de la Infancia en Veracruz (REDIM), ve como "un marco ideal" que en todos los códigos civiles del país quede prohibido el matrimonio de menores de edad, pero admite que el panorama es mucho más complejo.

"Ante la ausencia de otras alternativas de vida, para muchas niñas y adolescentes el cohabitar con hombres mayores de edad -con un contrato matrimonial o no de por medio-, parece ser la mejor o única opción para intentar lograr seguridad económica, protección o para llenar vacíos emocionales", señala.

Narváez Aguilera comparte una serie de cifras de REDIM, las cuales ilustran la situación en México: 323.936 adolescentes están casadas en unión libre o son divorciadas o viudas, y agrega que 198.426 tienen al menos un hijo.


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First, Trump went after the Khan family. Now he’s maligning Alicia Machado.

As the most bigoted campaign in modern memory stumbles toward a close, it’s perfectly fitting that two immigrants ― a woman from Venezuela and a man from Pakistan ― may have delivered the fatal blows to Donald Trump.

First it was the GOP nominee’s self-defeating, relentless bullying of the Muslim American parents of Capt. Humayun Khan after the slain soldier’s father, Khizr Khan, denounced Trump at the Democratic National Convention. Trump’s unhinged and hostile remarks, which continued against the counsel of all his advisers and any sense of decency, were directed at deeply sympathetic figures and drove a mass defection from his campaign by fellow Republicans.

Now, the former reality TV star has set his sights on another sympathetic target, former Miss Universe Alicia Machado, whom he had previously called “Miss Piggy” and referred to as “Miss Housekeeping,” as Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clintonnoted in Monday night’s debate.


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A new $79m initiative to tackle the backlog won’t address the fact that many officers still treat rape survivors with suspicion and scorn

The nearly 80,000 rape kits taken from sexual assault victims that have gone untested for so long haven’t just been ignored for financial reasons. Yes, local police departments sometimes lack resources - but what too many are also missing is the ability to treat victims of sexual violence with respect.

After years of sitting on dusty shelves - shamefully ignored by police departments across the country - tens of thousands of rape kits will finally be tested. On 10 September, Vice President Joe Biden and New York City District Attorney Cyrus Vance announced a $79m initiative to start to whittle down the backlog.

Vance said: “I’m saying today to all the women awaiting justice, you are not forgotten ... we will prevent future rapes by taking rapists off the streets, but the grants will do more than test kits - they will provide closure for victims and families.”

But will they? Getting evidence from sexual assaults properly tested and processed is an undoubtedly an important part of the criminal justice system. But fully processed kits are not a magic bullet to putting rapists in jail, and they certainly don’t make amends to victims who have been poorly treated and their cases ignored.

When Michigan State University professor Rebecca Campbell conducted a multi-year study of untested rape kits in Detroit, for example, she reported that it wasn’t just “chronic resource depletion” that led to the backlog - but “police treating victims in dehumanizing ways.”

“[L]aw enforcement personnel regularly expressed negative, stereotyping beliefs about sexual assault victims. Victims who were assumed to be prostitutes were considered to be at fault for what had happened to them. Adolescents were often assumed to be lying, trying to avoid getting into trouble with their families by concocting a false story about being raped. Friends/acquaintances had got‐what‐they‐got because they had chosen to associate with the perpetrator. 



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Annotation:  This report presents data on the number, participants, and curricula of State and local law enforcement training academies for the period 2011 to 2013.

From 2011 to 2013, a total of 664 State and local law enforcement academies provided basic training to entry-level officer recruits in the United States. During this period, nearly 135,000 recruits (45,000 per year) entered a basic training program, and 86 percent successfully completed the program. This completion rate was the same as for the 57,000 recruits who entered training programs in 2005. Approximately one in seven recruits entering basic training programs were female; and nearly one in three recruits were of a minority racial or ethnic group. From 2011 to 2013, academies at 2-year colleges graduated the most recruits (10,000 per year), followed by municipal police academies (7,000). Excluding field training, basic training programs lasted an average of about 840 hours, or 21 weeks. Major training areas included operations (an average of 213 hours per recruit); firearms, self-defense, and use of force (168 hours); self-improvement (89 hours); and legal education (86 hours). Nearly all academies required basic training in community policing, with an average of just over 40 hours of instruction per recruit. Nearly all basic training programs addressed social issues, such as domestic violence (an average of 13 hours per recruit) and mental illness (10 hours). 38 tables and 13 figures

Document URL:  Text   PDF (Full Report)   PDF (Summary)

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UNITED NATIONS, Sep 15 2016 (IPS) - It was little-known Brazilian delegate Bertha Lutz who led a band of female delegates responsible for inscribing the equal rights of women and men in the UN Charter at the San Francisco Conference on International Organisation in 1945. 

“The mantle is falling off the shoulders of the Anglo-Saxons and…we [Latin American Women] shall have to do the next stage of battle for women,” Lutz wrote in her memoir, recalling the conference.

Researchers Elise Luhr Dietrichson and Fatima Sator of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) presented this forgotten history at a recent news conference at the United Nations, wishing to publicise the true history of women’s rights in the UN Charter.

“It’s not only about representing historical facts. It’s political; it’s about how history is presented,” Luhr Dietrichson told IPS. There is, she says, little recognition of the role of nations in the global south in establishing “global norms”.


EN ESPANOL: Latinoamericanas lucharon por la igualdad en la Carta de la ONU

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A publication of the Women Human Rights Defenders International Coalition, this manual is motivated by the courageous activism of people—and in particular, women—around the world who dare to resist, to fight for what we believe is right, and to put our lives on the line for justice, accountability and fairness.

Gendering Documentation frames and encourages documentation as a politically-motivated telling of women human rights defenders’ stories. Documentation of WHRDs’ experiences is a thread between our acts of resistance and the abuses we face. The chapters that follow go beyond existing human rights documentation manuals to provide a unique tool for capturing the specific nature of violations against WHRDs. The discussions that follow are grounded in a gender analysis that both challenges the social systems that restrict women’s rights, and also supports those who fight for those rights all over the world.

Click here to download the full Manual. http://www.defendingwomen-defendingrights.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/GENDERING-DOCUMENTATION-FINAL-3-min.pdf

Click here to download the flyer with background information. http://www.defendingwomen-defendingrights.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/WHRD-GEN-DOC-flyer-1-side-3-2016.pdf

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“I think the jury failed, I think the judge failed and I think justice was not served,” the child’s mother said.

Former U.S. Airman Justin Corbett was sentenced on Thursday to 18 months of probation for the death of a 21-month-old boy.

A Delaware mother whose toddler suffered fatal brain injuries while in the care of a former airman expressed outrage after the man was sentenced to 18 months of probation for the child’s 2012 death.

Justin Corbett, who was initially charged with first-degree murder in 21-month-old Evan Dudley’s death, faced up to eight years in prison after convicted in July on a lesser charge of criminally negligent homicide, The Associated Press reported.

On Thursday, a judge sentenced the 28-year-old to the full eight years, before suspending it for 31 days time served and probation, citing his clean criminal history and “exemplary military record,” the AP reported. 


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It hurts not only the kids who witness the violence, but also their classmates. The harm is evident in lower test scores as well as lower rates of college attendance and completion. And the impact extends past graduation — it can be seen in lower earnings later in life.

“It’s a sad story,” says Scott Carrell, economist at the University of California, Davis, who has studied this for over a decade.

But, he says, there’s one thing he and his colleagues — economists Mark Hoekstra and Elira Kuka — found that can improve the situation “not only for that family but for all the child’s classmates.” What was it? Reporting domestic violence when it happens.


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Madrid, 13 sep. 16. AmecoPress. Gema Fernández es abogada, doctorada en relaciones internacionales y experta en género y derechos humanos. Coordina equipos de trabajo en Women’s Link Worldwide, una organización que trabaja con el derecho internacional, viendo qué impacto real puede tener en la vida de las mujeres en concreto, “porque las mujeres son discriminadas también en el ámbito judicial”. Gema aclara que sus argumentos están basados en los derechos humanos y en el derecho internacional y que esto le permite trasladar a la aplicación del derecho su visión del mundo, del activismo y la justicia.

La trata de seres humanos con fines de explotación es una cruel realidad que suscita la preocupación de las personas que, como Gema, trabajan en la defensa de los derechos humanos. La trata sigue siendo un fenómeno invisible y oculto que hace que las víctimas, mayoritariamente mujeres y niñas, se encuentren en situación de esclavitud y de grave vulnerabilidad. Hablamos Con Gema de esta realidad.



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This is a 2 part video. Halfway through there's a pause before the 2nd part begins. Definitely worth the wait.

Where the foothills of Mount Kenya merge into the desert, the people of Samburu have maintained a strict patriarchy for over 500 years in northern Kenya. That is, until 25 years ago, when Rebecca Lolosoli founded Umoja village as a safe haven for the region's women. Umoja, which means "unity" in Swahili, is quite literally a no man's land, and the matriarchal refuge is now home to the Samburu women who no longer want to suffer abuses, like genital mutilation and forced marriages, at the hands of men.

Throughout the years, it has also empowered other women in the districts surrounding Samburu to start their own men-excluding villages. Broadly visited Umoja and the villages it inspired to meet with the women who were fed up with living in a violent patriarchy.

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One state is revolutionizing the way cops are trained.

by Howard Schultz and Rajiv Chandrasekaran

During Susan Rahr’s seven-year stint as sheriff of King County, Washington, she reviewed scores of internal affairs investigations. The ones involving allegations of an excessive use of force attracted her closest scrutiny, and led her to pose her own questions to the deputies involved.

“Why did you use force so quickly?”

“Why didn’t you try another way of defusing the situation?”

The deputies’ answers often reflected an approach that has long been in vogue with cops called “Ask. Tell. Make.”

“You would ask someone to do something. If they didn’t do it, you would tell them. If they didn’t do it, then you would physically make them do it,” Rahr says. “And that doesn’t reflect real life on the street. Most good police officers don’t jump that quickly from the first step to using force.”

Then she would ask, “Where did you learn that?”

The responses were usually the same: at the academy – the state’s Criminal Justice Training Center, which schools every aspiring city police officer and county deputy in Washington.

In 2012, she decided to stop asking follow-up questions and address the problem.


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The Honourable Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs  

The Honourable Jody Wilson-Raybould, Minister of Justice

The Honourable Patricia Hajdu, Minister of Status of Women 

Dear Ministers,

With the launch of the long-awaited national inquiry to the Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women, we urge you to take immediate, concrete and effective actions to stop violence against Indigenous women:

1.      Direct police units all over Canada to respond immediately to any complaint about male violence against Indigenous women and girls. All reports of wife battering, rape and sexual assault of women and children must be treated seriously and diligently with thorough investigation and clear intention of arrest and laying appropriate charges.

2.      Instruct crown prosecutors to stop diverting, dropping or staying charges. No man should get away with committing violence against women. Non-Indigenous men and Indigenous men alike, should face court judgement. Holding violent men accountable is not only crucial to stop those men but it’s a preventive measure because it will we have a deterring effect on other men.

3.      Provide livable income for women. Welfare rates everywhere in the country are unlivable and doom many Indigenous women to dire poverty. Women’s poverty is a key factor of their vulnerability to men’s violence. Ending women’s poverty is a simple achievable reform. Do it now.

4.      Abolish prostitution. The oppression and dispossession of Indigenous women make them particularly vulnerable to prostitution. Enforce the new prostitution laws that criminalize men who pimp and buy women in prostitution and fund exiting, detox and recovery programs available to women on demand.

5.      Fund independent, women-controlled transition houses, rape crisis centres and women’s centres in every community, including and in particular in remote and isolated areas. Women’s services are the most effective proven method to provide women immediate safety when they escape violent men. They should be available to any woman, anywhere, anytime.

Vancouver Rape Relief and Women’s Shelter is the oldest rape crisis centre in Canada and unique in operating both a rape crisis centre and transition house, responding to the entire spectrum of violence: battery, rape, incest, trafficking and prostitution. We are committed to the safety, equality and liberty of all women. We are happy to offer you our knowledge, experience and expertise as you carve the path to end male violence against Indigenous women and girls.  


Hilla Kerner, for the collective of Vancouver Rape Relief and Women’s Shelter

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Entrevista Rocío Nieto, coordinadora de la Asociación para la Prevención, Reinserción y Atención a la Mujer Prostituida (APRAMP)

Madrid, 01 sep. 16. AmecoPress. Muchas mujeres llegan a Europa embarazadas o con bebés de pocos meses, no porque quieran parir en nuestro continente: son víctimas de violencia sexual en un viaje por un futuro que se oscurece. Muchas mujeres y niñas pasean por nuestras calles y plazas ofreciendo su cuerpo a cambio de dinero: no están trabajando y no pasean libremente, son prisioneras de una jaula invisible que se sostiene con las estrategias violentas de las mafias y con nuestra indiferencia. El sexo se convierte en moneda de cambio. Muchas de estas mujeres son vendidas como esclavas sexuales, son engañadas con promesas de empleo digno y bienestar que se tornan en explotación en burdeles y extorsión para obligarlas a devolver desorbitantes sumas por el viaje que emprendieron. Es la esclavitud del siglo XXI. Hablamos con la coordinadora de la Asociación para la Prevención, Reinserción y Atención a la Mujer Prostituida (APRAMP), Rocío Mora, quien nos explica cómo “vestir de derechos” a estas mujeres que sufren explotación sexual y trata.
¿Qué papel desempeña APRAMP en la lucha contra la trata?

Creo que es una de las organizaciones especializadas que da una atención integral en los ámbitos que las mujeres nos están demandando: social, jurídico y sanitario. Además, una víctima de trata nunca nos va a llamar a la puerta, por lo cual tenemos unidades de rescate, compuestas por profesionales supervivientes de la trata, que tienen una formación especializada, y que diariamente trabajan para romper la esclavitud de esas mujeres y dar información de los derechos que han sido vulnerados. 
Trabajamos no solo con víctimas de trata con fines de explotación sexual, también con prostitución coactiva y mujeres explotadas sexualmente. Cada caso requiere un tipo de intervención. - 


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La golpiza habría sido porque ella se habría negado a tener relaciones. 
En la ciudad de Arequipa una vecina logró grabar el momento en que una mujer terminó con el rostro ensangrentado, luego de ser golpeada brutalmente por su pareja

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The disciplinary actions stem from a major scandal involving a teenager who was sexually exploited by more than a dozen officers


Oakland mayor Libby Schaaf said she was barred from naming the officers disciplined, as critics question why there have ben no criminal charges.

 Oakland mayor Libby Schaaf said she was barred from naming the officers disciplined, as critics question why there have ben no criminal charges. Photograph: Eric Risberg/AP

The Oakland, California, police department has fired four officers and suspended seven in a major sexual misconduct case, but critics have questioned why officers haven’t faced criminal charges and why an exploitation victim at the center of the case remains behind bars.

The disciplinary actions, announced by city officials on Wednesday, stem from a case involving a teenage girl who was sexually exploited by more than a dozen officers across the northern California region, according to a numerous news reports and the young woman’s testimony.



'I Am Here to Run a Police Department, Not a Frat House': Oakland Mayor Addresses Racist Texts, Losing Another Police Chief

"A Toxic Macho Culture" leads to 4th replacement of Oakand Police Chief in 9 days...

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Alika Kinan cuenta cómo quedó envuelta en la prostitución, de qué manera pudo zafar y qué hace ahora para rescatar a otras víctimas: ella misma será querellante contra sus proxenetas. Cristina Pozzer Penzo se plantó frente a las mafias prostibularias y sus cómplices en la política y la Justicia. Ambas cuentan su lucha a Página/12.

 Por Mariana Carbajal

Cristina Pozzer Penzo es jueza federal en la frontera caliente de Paso de los Libres con Brasil. Alika Kinan es sobreviviente de explotación sexual y vive en Ushuaia. Una, en el norte del país, y la otra en la ciudad más austral, luchan, a su manera, contra las mafias de la trata de mujeres. “No se puede ser indiferente ante esta enorme atrocidad. Hay relatos crueles del sufrimiento de víctimas, destruidas en su personalidad, a niveles de cosa o animales por sus explotadores”, dice la magistrada, en un alto en su trabajo: entre otros expedientes, tiene en sus manos una megacausa en la que están involucrados un ex fiscal federal y un alto mando de la Gendarmería y más de una docena de imputados, acusados de encubrir o ser parte de una red que lucraba con la esclavitud sexual. “Siempre soñé con otra actividad, pero para mí era totalmente inalcanzable, o yo lo sentía así, nunca quise ser puta. ¿Quién quiere serlo realmente?”, se pregunta Alika en una entrevista de Página/12. Ella espera, con ansiedad, el 7 de noviembre, cuando está previsto que empiece el juicio oral contra el clan Montoya, que regenteaba la whisquería El Sheik, de donde fue rescatada en 2012. Había llegado desde Córdoba más de una década antes.

Alika es una pionera: por primera vez en el país asumirá el papel de querellante contra sus proxenetas, además de intentar un reclamo civil por los daños sufridos. Desde que Pozzer llegó en febrero al juzgado federal de Paso de los Libres, la jurisdicción despertó en la investigación de la trata y la explotación sexual.




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On Monday morning, the Mahoning Valley Organizing Collaborative attempted to deliver more than 6,000 signatures to the Trumbull County Prosecutor's office, in Warren, Ohio, on behalf of a national coalition petitioning for the freedom of Bresha Meadows. The group was turned away by a deputy, but re-emerged on Tuesday to show support at a pre-trial hearing.

Bresha Meadows is a child accused of killing her abusive father with his own gun, while he lay sleeping. The mere thought of what might drive a young girl with a warm smile, who loves animals and music, to pick up a gun at 14 years old and take her own father's life should terrify us all. And we should want accountability for that nightmarish turn of events. But who is it that should be held accountable for the death of Jonathan Meadows?

As a child living in an abusive household, Bresha had done everything children in her situation are taught to do. She had reached out to trusted adults and authority figures. She had voiced her fears to those who might have offered protection. She had even run for her life -- only to be sent back home by police.




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Many of the women locked up in family detention centers speak only indigenous languages.

When a 32-year-old Guatemalan street vendor’s abusive husband abandoned her for another woman, she got relief from the routine beatings she’d suffered for over a decade. But now she also had to support their three children. To come up with extra money, she turned to off-market moneylenders, an enterprise associated with Guatemala’ violent street gangs. Unable to pay off her high-interest debt, they threatened to kill her and her three children, she says.

The woman, who declined to be identified for fear of jeopardizing her asylum case, fled the country, taking her 7-year-old son with her and leaving behind her other children with her sister. The woman and her son traveled over land to Tijuana, Mexico, where they crossed into California in June 2015.



Webinar Video Below: Advocates’ Introduction to Gender-Based Asylum

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Levels of Teen Sexual Activity Essentially Unchanged Between 2007–2012

Improvements in contraceptive use have led to a drop in the risk of pregnancy among U.S. adolescents aged 15–19—and these changes also appear to be driving the recent declines in teen pregnancy rates, abortion rates and birthrates. A new analysis titled “Understanding the Decline in Adolescent Fertility in the United States, 2007–2012,” by Dr. Laura Lindberg and colleagues, estimated that improved contraceptive use accounted for the entire 28% decline in teen pregnancy risk between 2007 and 2012. The authors found significant increases in teens’ use of any contraceptive method, use of multiple methods and use of highly effective methods, as well as a decline in contraceptive nonuse.

“There was no significant change in adolescent sexual activity during this time period,” says lead author Dr. Lindberg. “Rather, our new data suggest that recent declines in teens’ risk of pregnancy—and in their pregnancy rates—are driven by increased contraceptive use.”


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