Womens Justice Center




















News Round-up ~ Resumen de noticias


 

abogada feminista Susana Chiarotti Boero

La especialista analiza los avances y las deudas pendientes a veinte años de la adopción de la Convención Interamericana para Prevenir, Sancionar y Erradicar la Violencia contra la Mujer, conocida como Belém do Pará. Qué sucede en la Argentina. El papel del Poder Judicial.

“Dentro del Estado, el sector más reticente para enfrentar el problema de la violencia de género es el del Poder Judicial. A muchos de sus integrantes este tema no sólo no les importa mucho. Les molesta”, dice la abogada feminista Susana Chiarotti Boero, con extensísima trayectoria nacional e internacional en la defensa de los derechos humanos de las mujeres. Chiarotti es tal vez una de las voces más autorizadas en el país para analizar las respuestas del Estado en relación con un flagelo que deja un saldo atroz de un femicidio cada 30 horas y muestra que para las mujeres puede ser más peligroso su propio hogar que la calle.

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Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:40  Issue:12  Dated:December 2013  Pages:1434 to 1448
Author: Adrian J. Scott ; Keri Nixon ; Lorraine Sheridan
  
Document URL: HTML   
Publisher URL: http://cjb.sagepub.com/content/40/12.toc   
Publication Date: December 2013
  
Annotation: 

The current research examined the influence of prior relationship on perceptions of stalking, and compared the perceptions of laypersons, nonspecialist police officers, and specialist police officers.

 

Abstract: Two studies employed experimental designs where participants were presented with one of three vignettes in which the nature of the prior relationship was manipulated so that the perpetrator and victim were portrayed as strangers, acquaintances, or ex-partners. Participants comprised 101 nonspecialist police officers and 108 laypersons in study 1, and 49 specialist police officers and 49 nonspecialist police officers in study 2. Findings indicate that nonspecialist police officers and laypersons shared the common misperception that stranger stalkers present a greater threat to the personal safety of their victims than acquaintance or ex-partner stalkers. Specialist police officers were less susceptible to common misperceptions and believed that intervention was more necessary. Specialist police officers also believed that the perpetrator’s behavior would cause the victim more alarm or personal distress than nonspecialist police officers. 

 

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Black Women, Sexual Assault and Sexual Exploitation: A Brief Summary

Written by Farah Tanis, Executive Director, Black Women’s Blueprint (for the Black Women’s Round Table, Release of their First Annual Report, “The State of Black Women”)

Discussing TRC

While it is standard knowledge that sexual assault is widely underreported—60% unreported each year,[1] in Black communities the number is considerably higher due to intersectional issues related to race, gender, poverty, sexuality and other identity. Approximately 9 of 10 African American victims reaching out to Black Women’s Blueprint, report never having disclosed having been assaulted to anyone within their families, community, police and/or extended criminal justice systems. Moreover, assertions by political figures, including African-American leaders that reinforce notions that rape is trivial undermine many survivors’ ability to break their silence about sexual violation.  Comments by high profile political leaders such as “some girls rape easy,[2] a “woman’s body shuts down to prevent pregnancy during rape,[3] as well as messaging in some strands of hip hop, like Lil Wayne rhyming “Beat the p**** up like Emmett Till,” [4] on rapper, Future’s “Karate Chop” (Remix) album, it is no wonder that Black women are enduring rape in silence and isolation.

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310 Conn. 535; 78 A.3d 828 (2013).

Nature of the case:

Sexual assault in the fourth degree and causing risk of injury to a child.

Facts and Issues on Appeal:

The defendant was helping the victim’s mother with her children by watching them and acting as a neutral party with the father, whom she was divorcing and with whom she had a tenuous relationship. The eight-year-old victim disclosed to a babysitter that the defendant put his hand in her underwear while he was at her home and responsible for her care. After her parents consulted a therapist, the incident was reported to police and a forensic interview was conducted with the victim.

At trial, the main theory of defense was that the victim lied about the abuse and was acting out on a “repressed desire for the defendant, to whom she had grown quite attached” amidst turmoil at home. Defense counsel asserted during closing argument that the victim’s testimony was inconsistent and revealed a motive to lie. He asked the jury to “use her words to doubt what she said.” He asked them to acquit the defendant “not because we condone the abuse of…children…but because justice and the law [require] it.” The prosecution responded by arguing that the defense was indeed asking them to condone child abuse by acquitting him on grounds that the victim was eight years old and unreliable, there were no eyewitnesses to the abuse, and other people were in the home. Among other points, she questioned whether the defense argument was about the truth, or was a "big cloud of smoke and mirrors." The jury found the defendant guilty.

On appeal, the defendant argued that both the prosecutor’s repeated assertions that defense counsel was asking the jury to condone child abuse and characterization of their theory as lying was prosecutorial impropriety. The State Supreme Court agreed, reasoning as follows:

Ruling & Rationale:

As an agent of the state and officer of the court the prosecution may not address facts or present issues that the jury has no right to consider, including improper appeals to jurors’ emotions by attacking the defendant’s character or inciting sympathy for the victim. The prosecutor improperly implied to the jury, without factual basis, that the defense was unworthy of consideration, and improperly degraded the defense counsel’s arguments. The Court rejected the claim that the defense invited the prosecutor's statements with its own unfair closing argument and ruled that curative instructions were not sufficient to offset prejudice to the defendant because they were not given at the time of the remarks, and that the state’s case was “not particularly strong" because there was no physical evidence or eyewitness testimony other than the victim.

 

Editorial Comment

While prosecutors must be cautious not to improperly direct a jury in its remarks so as to give the state an unfair advantage, the core of this decision implies that the state has an existing unfair advantage over defendants in sexual assault cases even though studies shows the opposite is true and that it is disproportionately difficult to obtain a conviction in a child sexual abuse case. Moreover, the court reveals a serious bias in concluding that a child sex abuse case is uniquely weak in the absence of physical proof as this amounts to a declaration that the word of a victim is inherently inadequate to establish guilt even though case law otherwise provides that the word of a victim, even a child, is sufficient to establish guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.

Finally, by determining that the prosecutor's argument amounted to reversible error, the Court effectively legitimizes the myth that children commonly lie about sexual abuse by forbidding the prosecution to mock a defense argument insisting that the myth is true. The defense even argued that the child's testimony was an expression of affection for the defendant despite the absence of research supporting such a claim. Prosecutors should be allowed to mock defense arguments as “smoke and mirrors” when, as in this case, they lack support in methodologically valid science. This case raises an important question about how prosecutors can effectively combat unfair defense arguments that rely on myths and stereotypes about children's credibility without committing reversible error.

Submitted By: Katherine Ramsey -- Law Student

 

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According to 2008 figures provided by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), Bureau of Justice Statistics, women comprise just 15.5 percent of all sworn federal law enforcement officers, a decrease from 16.1 percent in 2004.1 What accounts for this underrepresentation is unclear; however, organizations with a very low percentage of minority workers, in this case, women, place countless stressors on those persons. Women have been in federal law enforcement only since 1971, but decades of research have illustrated women’s struggles to integrate into all levels of law enforcement and have shown that peer support and informal networks become essential to this minority group. Due to the decentralized nature of federal law enforcement, nongovernmental organizations such as the Women in Federal Law Enforcement, Inc. (WIFLE) have come to the forefront as advocates for all women in federal law enforcement. Not only are these organizations leading the charge in promoting women-friendly policies throughout federal law enforcement, they also offer the peer support and informal networks critical to the success and retention of women in federal policing. As federal law enforcement agencies increasingly have to compete for quality candidates in order to reflect the diversity of the communities they serve, administrators need to understand the role these nongovernmental organizations play in increasing the number of women in policing.

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As a survivor of domestic sex trafficking, Jasmine Marino-Fiandaca is now raising hope and awareness through education, mentoring and outreach. She spent two long years at what was once the Danish Health Club in Kittery, Maine, after being sold in Connecticut, and eventually, she said, on craigslist. See Seacoast Sunday and Seacoastonline.com for story and photos.

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   Urge que el Estado asuma su obligación de proteger a las niñas

La omisión del Estado en la protección de los derechos de la infancia, la violencia de género, la marginación y la pobreza son factores que fomentan las uniones tempranas.

El matrimonio infantil tiene diversas causas según cada contexto: una niña de una comunidad rural no tiene las mismas motivaciones para casarse que otra que vive en un barrio urbano, y que podría considerar que fue forzada a formar una familia.
 
Es decir, las 362 mil 581 niñas de 12 a 17 años que para 2010 estaban casadas, en unión libre, divorciadas, separadas o viudas –según datos del Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (Inegi)–, atravesaron por diferentes circunstancias que derivaron en que llegaran al matrimonio.  
 
Al investigar las causas de estas uniones tempranas, Cimacnoticias encontró que hay pocos análisis, estadísticas y estudios sociológicos enfocados en niñas menores de 13 años de edad, pese a la incidencia de matrimonios y embarazos a estas edades.
 
De acuerdo con ONU-Mujeres, hay evidencia de que a nivel mundial, ante la marginación, algunos padres casan a sus hijas porque es la única opción que conocen, lo que significa que las niñas de comunidades con alto índice de pobreza están más propensas al matrimonio infantil.
 
Especialistas en derechos de la infancia coinciden en que el denominador común de las uniones tempranas son la marginación y la pobreza, y también indican que la sociedad y el Estado son responsables al considerar a niñas y niños como sujetos de tutela y no como sujetos de derechos, sobre todo el de decidir sobre su futuro.

 

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Islamic law is to be effectively enshrined in the British legal system for the first time under guidelines for solicitors on drawing up “Sharia compliant” wills.

Under ground-breaking guidance, produced by The Law Society, High Street solicitors will be able to write Islamic wills that deny women an equal share of inheritances and exclude unbelievers altogether.

The documents, which would be recognised by Britain’s courts, will also prevent children born out of wedlock – and even those who have been adopted – from being counted as legitimate heirs.

Anyone married in a church, or in a civil ceremony, could be excluded from succession under Sharia principles, which recognise only Muslim weddings for inheritance purposes.

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A viral social media campaign against rape and sexual harassment which spawned nationwide protests in Brazil, is giving Brazil's feminists fresh support which they intend to use to change the way Brazil's schoolchildren are taught women's rights.

The surge in support was sparked by the shocking findings of a study published on March 27 by the Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) on the attitudes of Brazilians towards sexual harassment and rape.

The research found 65 percent of the 3,810 people surveyed agreed, partly or completely, with the statement: “Women who used clothes that show off their body deserve to be attacked.”

Tens of thousands of Brazilians immediately went online to express their shock and disgust at the findings, among them Brazil's first female president, Dilma Rousseff, who decried such attitudes and said Brazil had “a long way to go on combatting violence against women.”

The next day journalist Nana Queiroz walked out in front of Congress in the capital, Brasília, and took a picture of herself, undressed to the waist. Folded across her chest, her arms bore a phrase which has now rung out across Brazil: “Eu Não Mereço Ser Estuprada.” “I Don't Deserve To Be Raped.”
 
 
 

 

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Dear Task Force Members,
 
We want to support the recommendations submitted by RAINN and by the National Sexual Violence Resource Center. We would also like to add one additional recommendation not included in those submissions, a restructuring of campus sexual assault services that we believe is essential for successful implementation of any of the other recommendations.
 
Recommendation: 
The key responders to campus sexual assault - the police, advocates, counselors, title IX coordinators, and others, - should be independent of campus administration and financing, for the same reason that  institutional independence is deemed essential for proper response to sexual assaults that occur in the military and in the Catholic church. This independence is needed to avoid the inherent and profound conflict of interest that exists when campus responders are employed and supervised by the very same institution that has such overpowering financial interests in protecting its ‘reputation’ and in suppressing the number, the problem, and reports of sexual assaults.
 
The Problem: 
This task force was formed due to the inordinately high rate of sexual assaults and low rate of adequate responses to those assaults on our college and university campuses.The problem of poor response to sexual assault, of course, exists everywhere, and everywhere the problem requires a full spectrum of strong remedies.
 
We believe one of the main factors contributing to the particular gravity of this problem on campuses is that, unlike responders to sexual assaults in the community at large, the responders to campus sexual assaults are mostly all hired, supervised, and paid by the very colleges and universities that, at the same time, have enormous financial interest in suppressing the reports of sexual assaults at their institution, if for no other reason than to convince parents of potential students that their institution is a safe place to send their kids. This creates an unworkable conflict of interest in which the campus police, advocates, counselors, title IX coordinators, and other campus sexual assault responders must operate.It is impossible to at once expect the same institutions that have such a strong financial interest in hushing up the problem of sexual assault to properly provide the visibility, accountability, and public documentation essential to providing adequate response to and prevention of sexual assault.
 
The direct and dire consequences of this built-in conflict of interest on our campuses are, not surprisingly, much the same as the consequences seen in the military and the Catholic church. At best, sexual assault victims are steered into soft, quiet, ineffective, and unjust responses, such as mediation, counseling, and informal, off-the-record processes. At worst, as happens far too often, the victims are vilified and retaliated against for reporting. Far too many campus sexual assault victims, as has been well recorded, are shunned to the extent they feel they must leave the school. Almost always, the justice and protection that are essential for proper response and prevention are denied.
 
In order to eliminate the conflict of interest, adequate firewalls must be constructed between the administration, supervision, and payroll of campus sexual assault responders, particularly campus police, and the educational institutions where they work. As a stop-gap measure victims of campus sexual assault should be informed of, and given the option of going directly to off-campus sexual assault services.
 
Thank you for your attention and your work,
Sincerely,
Marie De Santis
Director

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   Condenadas por homicidio agravado, purgan penas de 40 años

La Agrupación Ciudadana por la Despenalización del Aborto Terapéutico, Ético y Eugenésico en El Salvador llamó a los tres poderes de gobierno a conceder el indulto a 17 mujeres criminalizadas por abortar, algunas de ellas condenadas a 40 años de prisión.
 
Como parte de la “Campaña sobre despenalización del aborto en El Salvador”, la organización civil pidió aplicar la “Ley Especial de Ocursos de Gracia” que permite que la Asamblea Legislativa, la Corte Suprema de Justicia y el presidente Mauricio Funes, concedan el indulto a 17 mujeres que fueron acusadas de aborto, pero que al final fueron condenadas por homicidio agravado, lo que derivó en que la mayoría de ellas paguen penas de entre 30 y 40 años de prisión.
 
La campaña, también enfocada en lograr que se reforme el Código Penal del país centroamericano para permitir el aborto terapéutico, presentó formalmente ante la Asamblea Legislativa 17 solicitudes de indulto que corresponden a mujeres que fueron perseguidas, acusadas y condenadas, sin contar con el apoyo legal apropiado para ser escuchadas y defenderse adecuadamente.

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Everyone wants to live in a safe neighborhood. In many parts of the world, however, that's a luxury some people just don't have.

A new report released by the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime on Thursday serves as a stark reminder of how drastically murder rates vary from country to country. TheGlobal Study on Homicide 2013 found that nearly half a million people were intentionally murdered in 2012, and killings were largely concentrated in two regions: the Americas and Africa.

UNODC defines homicide as " an unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person," not directly related to an armed conflict. The data is collected from each country's law enforcement or health authorities, or where this is not available, from World Health Organization estimates.

According to the study, almost half of the 437,000 murders took place in countries with just 11 per cent of the global population. In 2012, the Americas overtook Africaas the region with the highest rate of killings.

Sadly, the concentration of deadly violence in specific parts of the globe is nothing new. Murder rates in the Americas have remained high for decades, around five to eight times higher than Europe and Asia since the 1950s, according to the report.

Tellingly, the U.N. notes that the Americas have a vastly lower conviction rate for murder, at 24 per cent, compared to 48 per cent in Asia and 81 per cent in Europe.

SEE FULL REPORT

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from intlawgrrls

The Wisconsin International Law Journal 20014 Symposium addressed the Creation of International Law: Exploring the International Components of Peace. The Conference commenced with a keynote speech by Penny Andrews, Dean of Albany Law School, on “Justice, Reconciliation and the Masculinist Way: What Role for Women in Truth Commissions?” She discussed the tendency of truth commissions to focus on male victims, rendering women secondary status as the mothers, wives, and sisters of men, and thus unrecognized as their engagement is not characterized as public resistance of oppression. She also criticized the phenomenon of truth commissions to belittle the process of receiving testimony from women describing the violations they endure, describing themselves as becoming “Kleenex Commissions” because of having to witness so many tears. She concluded that truth commissions have not been very transformative and there remains a challenge to reform them so that they can promote cultural changes to ensure that women will experience freedom from violence, fair access to economic resources, and freedom from subordination in order to enjoy true citizenship.

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MORE ABOUT THE FILM

about the controversy:

CAIR (Council on American-Islamic Relations) is at it again. This time they have succeeded in shutting down a screening of the film, "Honor Diaries," at the University of Michigan, Dearborn last Thursday night, claiming that the film is ‘Islamophobic.’
"Honor Diaries" is a recently-released documentary profiling nine Muslim women and their horrific experiences in Islamic societies living with practices such as female genital mutilation, honor violence, honor killings and forced marriage at young ages.
CAIR started a Twitter campaign a few days ago against the film, calling it ‘Islamophobic,’ the term groups such as CAIR use not to mean prejudice or fear against the religion, but a fabricated term used to denote anything unflattering to Islam.
It’s a tactic used by CAIR and others to successfully and often indefinitely quiet any criticism of Islam, even when it’s shining light upon the practice of honor violence and depriving young women of education, two central themes in the film.

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México: Trabajadoras domésticas, una asignatura pendiente

No existe conciencia de que trabajan en labores del hogar 2,2 millones de personas, mayoritariamente mujeres, que aportan un valor equivalente al 27% del Producto Interno Bruto

 

México, 02 abr. 14. AmecoPress/SEMlac.- México se ha negado a firmar el convenio 189 de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo, que reconoce derechos laborales a quienes realizan tareas de cuidado y limpieza en las casas particulares. Tampoco ha definido el salario mínimo profesional para estas personas, según lo establece la nueva Ley Federal del Trabajo.

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VEA TAMBIEN: 

Según el reciente informe de Human Rights Watch “Ocultados: Abusos contra trabajadores domésticos migrantes en el Reino Unido” Viven en esclavitud las trabajadoras domésticas emigrantes en Reino Unido

 

 

 

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Young witnesses suffer fear, anxiety while perpetrators rarely face jail time, according to study

WASHINGTON — A nationwide study of children who have witnessed domestic violence found that parents or caregivers were physically injured in more than a third of the cases, yet only a small fraction of offenders went to jail and just 1 in 4 incidents resulted in police reports, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association. 

“One of the most shocking findings is that less than 2 percent of the cases resulted in jail time for the perpetrator,” said lead researcher Sherry Hamby, PhD, a psychology research professor at Sewanee, The University of the South.  

Children were physically hurt in 1 in 75 cases, but they experienced fear and anxiety much more often. More than half of the children said they were afraid someone would be hurt badly, and almost 2 in 5 said the violence was one of their scariest experiences ever, according to the study, published April 7 in the APA journal Psychology of Violence®

Children who witness domestic violence are more likely to experience depression, anxiety, nightmares, teen dating violence and disruptions with school work, Hamby said. The trauma can be very similar to when children experience abuse themselves, she added. 

“Family violence definitely cuts across all segments of society and has a serious impact on children,” Hamby said. “Parents are such big figures in a child’s life. If a parent is endangered, that can threaten a child’s well-being. They get worried that if their parent is in danger, then who is going to protect them?”

The nationwide study included 517 children who had witnessed domestic violence, including beating, hitting or kicking of a parent or caregiver. Three in 4 children saw the violence, 21 percent heard it and 3 percent saw the injuries later. 

PRESS RELEASE CONTINUES

FULL TEXT OF STUDY PDF

 

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Exploring Reasonable Efforts in Child Welfare Cases that Include Domestic Violence (Site A)

 NCJ Number:  244701
 Author:  Lorie Sicafuse ; Steve Wood M.S. ; Alicia Summers Ph.D.
 Publication Date:  11/2013
 Abstract   PDF   Find in a Library
 
 Exploring Reasonable Efforts in Child Welfare Cases that Include Domestic Violence in Portland, Oregon
 NCJ Number:  244702
 Author:  Lorie Sicafuse ; Steve Wood M.S. ; Alicia Summers Ph.D.
 Publication Date:  10/2013
 Abstract   PDF   Find in a Library
 
 Exploring Reasonable Efforts in Child Welfare Cases that Include Domestic Violence in Princeton, West Virginia
 NCJ Number:  244703
 Author:  Lorie Sicafuse ; Steve Wood M.S. ; Alicia Summers Ph.D.
 Publication Date:  10/2013
 Abstract   PDF   Find in a Library

 

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(March 6, 2014) -- The federal government should push colleges to improve the criminal justice response to rape, de-emphasize internal judicial boards, put in place bystander intervention and risk reduction programs, and ensure comprehensive care for victims, RAINN advised a new White House task force charged with creating a plan to reduce rape on college campuses.

In 16 pages of recommendations, RAINN urged the task focus to remain focused on the true cause of the problem. “In the last few years, there has been an unfortunate trend towards blaming “rape culture” for the extensive problem of sexual violence on campuses. While it is helpful to point out the systemic barriers to addressing the problem, it is important to not lose sight of a simple fact: Rape is caused not by cultural factors but by the conscious decisions, of a small percentage of the community, to commit a violent crime,” said the letter to the task force from RAINN’s president, Scott Berkowitz, and vice president for public policy, Rebecca O’Connor.

President Obama appointed the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault in January, giving it 90 days to recommend improvements colleges should make. The task force includes representatives from the White House, Justice Department, Education Department, Health and Human Services and other federal agencies.

RAINN’s recommendations pointed to research that suggests that more than 90% of college rapes are committed by about 3% of college men (reliable research about female perpetrators is harder to come by). Based on that pattern of assaults by repeat offenders, RAINN stressed the importance of treating sexual assaults on campuses as the serious crimes that they are, and ensuring that there are meaningful consequences.

RAINN also stressed the need to de-emphasize colleges’ internal judicial boards. “The FBI, for purposes of its Uniform Crime Reports, has a hierarchy of crimes — a ranking of violent crimes in order of seriousness. Murder, of course, ranks first. Second is rape. It would never occur to anyone to leave the adjudication of a murder in the hands of a school’s internal judicial process. Why, then, is it not only common, but expected, for them to do so when it comes to sexual assault,” the letter asked. “The simple fact is that these internal boards were designed to adjudicate charges like plagiarism, not violent felonies. The crime of rape just does not fit the capabilities of such boards.”

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Donna Greco, Training and Technical Assistance Director

(717) 909-0710, Ext. 131; email

National Sexual Violence Resource Center

PRESS RELEASE: FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

ENOLA, Pa. – In response to President’s Barack Obama’s goal to prevent campus sexual assault, the National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC), along with the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape (PCAR), have released their recommendations for addressing sexual violence on campus. The recommendations, which were submitted to the White House Task Force to Protect Students in March, are being released publicly in conjunction with Sexual Assault Awareness Month.

According to the White House report, Rape and Sexual Assault: A Renewed Call to Action, one in five women have been sexually assaulted while in college, and 63 percent of men who admitted to committing rape/attempting rape said that they had committed an average of six rapes each (White House Council on Women and Girls, 2014). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, one in 71 men have been raped at some time in their lives  and one in 21 men have been forced to penetrate someone else during their lifetime (Black et al., 2011).

Sexual violence can undermine a student’s academic career, creating an economic and social ripple effect over the course of their lifespan. While the individuals, who commit these crimes, need to be held accountable, the NSVRC and PCAR know that they do not commit sexual violence in a vacuum. In fact, sexual violence is preventable; it is a learned behavior that is shaped by individual, relationship, community, and societal factors (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2014). Therefore, NSVRC and PCAR believe that in order to prevent these crimes, universities need a culturally-relevant, comprehensive strategy that engages the entire campus community on multiple levels — from recruitment to graduation.

“Effective prevention and response efforts hinge on meaningful collaborations among campuses and local, state, and national sexual assault organizations,” said Karen Baker, NSVRC Director.

To read the in-depth recommendations, visit http://tinyurl.com/motbm5b.

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Overcoming the Consent Defense: 
Identifying, Investigating & Prosecuting 
the Non-Stranger Rapist
Webinar | April 18, 2014 | 2:00PM-3:30PM EDT
Presented by Christopher Mallios, Attorney Advisor, AEquitas

Research shows the vast majority of sex offenders are non-stranger rapists and serial offenders. Non-stranger rapists are adept at creating, identifying, and manipulating perceived vulnerabilities in their victims and ultimately rendering them more vulnerable to attack through the use of premeditated tactics and non-traditional weapons. These offenders also benefit from common misconceptions and false expectations of offenders (e.g., appearance, behavior, use of weapons, etc.) that can result in failure to identify non-stranger rapists who do not meet these expectations. To more effectively identify, investigate, and prosecute non-stranger rapists, prosecutors must overcome their own myths and misconceptions about sexual violence as well as those believed by judges and juries.

This presentation will provide a comprehensive overview of sex offenders with an emphasis on non-stranger rapists (e.g., motivations and characteristics, myths and misconceptions, serial and crossover offending, etc.) and focus on strategies for overcoming the unique challenges these offenders present.

Click here to register.

 

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INMINENTE FALLO POR LA JOVEN TUCUMANA, A DOCE AÑOS DE SU DESAPARICION

En Tucumán y Buenos Aires habrá actos para conmemorar el aniversario de la última vez que su familia la vio. En ese marco, se anunció que la semana próxima el tribunal dictará las nuevas sentencias. La Corte provincial había anulado las absoluciones anteriores.

En conmemoración de los doce años del secuestro de Marita Verón, en Tucumán y Buenos Aires habrá actividades y un acto para concientizar acerca de la trata de personas en la Argentina, una seguidilla de eventos que comenzará hoy, aniversario de la última vez que su familia vio a Verón con vida, y continuará mañana. En tanto, entre lunes y martes de la semana próxima dictará sentencias el tribunal tucumano encargado de asignar penas a los condenados en el caso Verón, luego de que la Suprema Corte provincial revisara el fallo de la Cámara Penal y revirtiera 10 de las 13 absoluciones dictadas en diciembre de 2012.

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EWL’s general contribution will focus on the following aspects: 
 
1. The issue of prostitution in international human rights instruments 
2. Assessment of 10 years of Swedish and Dutch policies on prostitution 
3. Recent developments in other countries over the last two years 
4. EWL’s principles and recommendations on prostitution 
5. EWL’s work on prostitution and trafficking in women for prostitution 
 
 
The European Women’s Lobby (EWL) is the largest umbrella organisation of women’s associations in the 
European Union (EU), working to promote women’s rights and equality between women and men. EWL 
membership extends to organisations in all 28 EU member states and three candidate countries, as well as to 21 
European-wide bodies, representing a total of more than 2000 organisations. 
 

 

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An anonymous Harvard sexual assault victim exposes a culture of exceptionalism that may lead to violence – but little change     

harvard university library
An anonymous student wrote in the Harvard Crimson this week that 'the school's limited response amounted to the equivalent of a slap on the hand for my assailant.' Photograph: Alamy

You've heard this story before: A young woman is sexually assaulted on her college campus. She reports it to campus authorities. They take the accusations as a "he said, she said". They do nothing. She goes to therapy, maybe goes on medication, maybe drops out of school. He goes on with his life. The university stays silent in the face of criticism, or perhaps pledges to take "a new look" at its sexual assault policies.

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GODZILLA EN MADRID - UNA VEZ MÁS: MUJERES, EJÉRCITOS, GUERRA Y VIOLENCIA SEXISTA.

Las mujeres, sometidas a la violencia patriarcal, sufren de manera más descarnada el efecto de las guerras. Las violaciones son comunes en todos los conflictos y no se producen de manera espontánea, sino que son usadas sistemáticamente como parte de la estrategia militar.

La masculinidad es el valor central de lo militar, masculinidad que es entendida como la construcción social basada en la superioridad del sexo masculino. Esto produce un rechazo de lo femenino que se traduce en un día a día plagado de abusos en el seno de los ejércitos y en un brutal maltrato a la mujer en las zonas de conflicto. La violencia sexista es utilizada con diversos fines tanto en las batallas como en los cuarteles, lo que la convierte en una herramienta estructurada y con unos fines definidos.

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