Womens Justice Center




















News Round-up ~ Resumen de noticias


 

National Academy of Sciences
 
EXCERPT:
 
Despite the increase in the evidence base for violence prevention programs and advances in accessibility of the evidence, major challenges remain with transferring effective programs to different real-world settings.
 
Two key questions are; How to get programs that are known to be effective into wider use, and, equally important, how to halt the use of programs that have demonstrated no discernible positive effect or have had harmful or toxic effects.
 

SEE FULL TEXT PDF

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María Cristina Olivares había denunciado a su ex por agresiones en 2012. Pero la protección de la Justicia llegó 19 meses después, ya estaba muerta. 

Víctima. María Cristina Olivares.
 

"No ha sido nada grave". Esa fue la evaluación que surgió desde el juzgado que le dio protección a una mujer 19 meses más tarde, cuando ya había sido asesinada por su ex pareja. Los dichos echaron combustible a un caso de violencia de género que suma indignación al dolor.

María Cristina Olivares fue asesinada de 140 puñaladas en San Juan. Un año más tarde, detuvieron por el homicidio a su ex marido, al que la mujer había denunciado por agresión. Ahora, un año y siete meses después del crimen, la Justicia tomó una resolución insólita: citó a declarar a la mujer asesinada, para informarle que se había fallado a favor de su pedido de protección.

CONTINUA

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2013/246 pages
The authors draw on unparalleled access to Los Angeles detectives, prosecutors, and case files to make sense of the factors that affect the outcomes of sexual assault claims. Following cases from victim report, to police investigation, to the decision to charge—or not to charge—they provide new insights into why shockingly few sexual assault claims lead to an eventual criminal conviction.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Cassia Spohn is professor of criminology and criminal justice at Arizona State University. Katharine Tellis is assistant professor of criminal justice and criminalistics at California State University, Los Angeles.

CONTENTS

  • Sexual Assault and the Criminal Justice System.
  • Policies and Practices.
  • Detective and Prosecutor Perspectives.
  • Case Attrition and Case Outcomes.
  • False Reports.
  • The Overuse and Misuse of Exceptional Clearance.
  • Intimate Partner Sexual Assault.
  • Taking Sexual Assault Seriously.
  •  
 
 

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A mediados del pasado diciembre, Mariano Calleja, letrado-coordinador del Servicio de Orientación Jurídica de Extranjería Municipal, fue uno de los ponentes de la presentación del informe sobre trata y prostitución en España de APROSERS (Asociación de Promoción de Servicios Sociales). Una entidad que hace apenas unos días comunicó su cierre, después de 28 años trabajando con inmigrantes, por falta de subvenciones.

Durante su ponencia, Calleja explicó cómo de las 12.000 víctimas de trata identificadas entre abril y diciembre de 2013, solamente 100 de ellas pasaron a ser testigos protegidos, según afirmó, “probablemente porque quisieron colaborar y porque sus testimonios fueron los suficientemente relevantes”. Especializado en procurar asistencia legal gratuita a estas víctimas, el letrado también lamentó la aparente despreocupación por que estas personas “sean asesoradas legalmente, que tengan acceso a un juicio justo o que se le garantice protección a los familiares que tengan en sus países de origen”.

El pasado mes de diciembre, la Comisión Europea advirtió que estaban dispuestos a demandar a España ante el Tribunal de Justicia de la UE si no adaptaba su legislación a la directiva europea sobre trata, después haber caducado el plazo en abril. A pesar de ello, aún no se ha hecho nada al respecto. ¿Por qué esta inacción?

CONTINUA

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When armed men arrive in Mexico's remote villages, mothers hide their daughters – especially the pretty ones. Jennifer Clement hears the distressing stories of the girls and women stolen by drug cartels to be trafficked for sexa woman protesting in front of an image of her child
Making a stand: a mother protests in front of a picture of her daughter, murdered by gangsters in Veracruz. Photograph: Sergio Hernandez Vega/La Jornada

Lupita is in her 30s and works as a laundry maid in several houses inMexico City. She can still remember the first time she saw a girl taken from her home village. "She was very pretty," says Lupita. "She had freckles. She was 11 years old."

Lupita was 20 when five men drove into the small community near Dos Bocas, outside the port of Veracruz. "When they got out of the van all we could see were the machine guns in their hands. They wanted to know where the pretty one was, the girl with freckles. We all knew who that was. They took her and she was still holding her doll under her arm when they lifted her into the van like a bag of apples. This was more than 12 years ago. We never heard from her again."

CONTINUES

 

 

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Dutch politician tweets image of Norwegian, Swedish and German counterparts from Munich summit, saying 'things are changing'
 
Female defence ministers
Ine Eriksen Søreide (Norway), Karin Enström (Sweden), Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert (Netherlands) and Ursula von der Leyen (Germany). Photograph: Twitter
 

It happened at around 3pm on Saturday, in one of the conference rooms at Munich's Bayerischer Hof hotel, where politicians from around the world had gathered for an annual security conference. The female defence ministers of NorwaySweden and the Netherlands had all met at previous conferences, so they decided to welcome Ursula von der Leyen, their new German counterpart.

When Belgium's (male) defence minister, Pieter De Crem, spotted the group of women, he quipped: "Oh, I'll better get out of the picture." That's when the Dutch defence minister, Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, asked someone to capture the scene on her phone.

Hennis-Plasschaert told the Guardian: "[The Dutch politician] Neelie Kroes once said to me that old boys' networks are the oldest form of cartels we have in Europe. She was right, but things are changing, and women can do similar things now."

Her tweet with the photograph soon went viral. To many, the image heralded a new era in which even the last bastions of male privilege were no longer closed to talented women. Sweden's foreign minister, Carl Bildt, retweeted it with the comment "True Power Girls" (and was widely criticised for the condescending tone).

CONTINUES

 

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   Activistas peruanas advierten que indagación no está agotada

Cimacnoticias/IPS | Lima.- 04/02/2014

El carpetazo del caso sobre la esterilización forzada de más de 2 mil mujeres en Perú durante el régimen del presidente Alberto Fujimori representó un sorpresivo cambio del fiscal encargado.
 
El fiscal Marco Guzmán Baca emitió el pasado 22 de enero la resolución que puso fin en esa instancia a la investigación de las esterilizaciones forzadas que se practicaron en Perú entre 1996 y 2000.
 
En ella dispone no denunciar penalmente a Fujimori (1990-2000), ni a tres ex ministros de Salud y otros funcionarios acusados de responsabilidad en el delito.
 
“Nos llevaron en camiones. Entramos inocentes y contentas. Pero escuchamos gritos y corrí (…). Las puertas estaban cerradas con candado. Me llevaron en camilla, me ataron los pies y ahí me cortaron”, contó a IPS/Cimacnoticias la víctima Micaela Flores Bañares, de la provincia de Anta, en la sureña región de Cusco, que entonces tenía siete hijos.
 
Eran unas 30 mujeres que fueron al centro de salud bajo el engaño de una campaña para un chequeo general, recordó.
 
El dictamen fiscal sólo determina procesar a personal de salud del norteño departamento de Cajamarca. Las esterilizaciones formaron parte del Programa de Anticoncepción Quirúrgica Voluntaria (AQV) que crearon Fujimori y su equipo para reducir drásticamente la natalidad en las zonas más pobres del país y que afectó sobre todo a mujeres rurales y hablantes de quechua.

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The US Office of Civil Rights (OCR) in the Justice Department is tasked with investigating and enforcing violations of sex discrimination complaints on college campusus which includes complaints of colleges mishandling campus sexual assaults. In response to congressional dissatisfaction with OCR's performance of that task, on January 29, 2014, 45 members of Congress signed a letter to the OCR calling for changes aimed at strengthening OCR's response and effectiveness dealing with campus sexual assaults.

SEE FULL LETTER HERE

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Part I of this monograph will explore the forms—sometimes subtle—that witness intimidation can take, identify victims and witnesses who are most likely to be subjected to intimidation, as well as examine where and when intimidation is likely to occur. 
 
The subsequent parts of the monograph will identify and discuss: 
 
• II. Recommendations for training, cross-training, and collaboration among allied professionals and agencies that will prepare them to meet the challenges presented by witness intimidation
 
Witness Intimidation: Meeting the Challenge
 
• III. Strategies that will help to prevent intimidation or minimize its effects, by minimizing or managing the interactions between defendants and witnesses and by depriving defendants of access to some of the tools they use to intimidate
 
• IV. Strategies to uncover the presence of intimidation in the context of individual cases, and investigative strategies and techniques to secure the evidence to prove it
 
• V. Strategies for effective response to intimidation occurring within the context of individual cases, ranging from informal resolution to the prosecution of intimidation as a discrete offense
that may be separately punished to achieve maximum deterrent effect
 
• VI. Trial strategies for cases involving witness intimidation, including the use of forfeiture by wrongdoing as a means of admitting hearsay statements where a defendant has caused a witness’s unavailability for trial.
 
MONOGRAPH PDF HERE (loads slowly)

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The Vatican "systematically" adopted policies that allowed priests to rape and molest tens of thousands of children over decades, a UN human rights committee said Wednesday, urging the Holy See to open its files on pedophiles and bishops who concealed their crimes.

In a devastating report hailed by abuse victims, the UN committee severely criticized the Holy See for its attitudes toward homosexuality, contraception and abortion and said it should change its own canon law to ensure children's rights and their access to health care are guaranteed.

CNN ENGLISH ARTICLE CONTINUES

La ONU acusa al Vaticano de no hacer lo suficiente por acabar con la pedofilia CON VIDEO

(CNN Español) – La ONU criticó al Vaticano este miércoles por no haber reconocido nunca "la amplitud de los crímenes" de abuso sexual contra niños por parte de sacerdotes y lo acusó de adoptar "políticas y prácticas que llevaron a la continuación de abusos y a la impunidad de los responsables". 

Las denuncias están consignadas en un informe del Comité de la ONU sobre los Derechos del Niño que analizó los abusos sexuales y los casos de pedofilia en la Iglesia Católica. En las conclusiones del informe, el comité urge a la Santa Sede a "apartar de inmediato de sus funciones a todos los autores conocidos y sospechosos de abusos sexuales a niños, y denunciarlos a las autoridades competentes para que los investiguen y los procesen". 

"Han roto la Convención, porque no han hecho todo lo que deberían" para atajar los casos de pedofilia en su seno, dijo Kirsten Sandberg, presidenta del Comité de la ONU de los Derechos del Niño

ARTICULO CONTINUA CON VIDEO 

 

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This special collection emphasizes collaborative and multi-level approaches to the prevention of and response to teen dating violence (TDV). It draws on the work of many organizations and organizes the resources on TDV prevention and responses by different populations. The first section of this special collection provides general information about teen dating violence. The next six sections include TDV information related to: 1) young people, 2) parents and care takers, 3) men and boys, 4) teachers and school-based professionals, 5) health care professionals, and 6) domestic violence and sexual violence service providers. The final section presents documents on TDV-related laws and legislation. The special collection concludes with examples of national programs that address TDV and a list of national and statewide organizations and programs.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

SEE FULL COLLECTION HERE

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How direct costs of Tennessee's most violent crimes are weighing down our economy and tearing down a gender, with recommendations for prevention.

Partial Table of Contents:

A Tally: The Economic Impact of Violence Against Women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Challenges to Collecting VAW Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Costs to Taxpayers, Our Communities & the Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crimes Against Women & Criminal Justice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Violence and Children’s Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
“The Intersection Between Domestic Violence and Sex Trafficking in Children” . . . . . . . . . .
Medical & Mental Health Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Social Service Providers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Workplace Inefficiency & Violence . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 
How Violence Impedes Growth and Economic Stability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What Victimization Means for an Entire Gender. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Hidden Costs of Inaction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total Estimated Cost of Violence Against Women. . . . . . . . . . . 
 
Recommendations Toward Prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A.-D. Education & Prevention. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
E. Recovery-Oriented Funding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
F. Control-Oriented Offender Counseling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
G. Healthcare Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I.-J. Community Awareness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
K.-L. Trafficking Rehabilitation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M. Collaboration and Best Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
N. Faith-Based Outreach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 
Domestic Violence in Tennessee. . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Size of the Problem. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Victims and Offenders in Detail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Underreporting and the Psychology of Domestic Violence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 
Human Sex Trafficking in Tennessee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Emerging Awareness and the Victimization of Minors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Lucrative Business of Human Sex Trafficking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
“How Women Are Lured Into Selling Their Bodies for Sex” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Victims as Traffickers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
Where We Are: Human Sex Trafficking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 

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La periodista colombiana Jineth Bedoya fue secuestrada, torturada y violada hace trece años por unos paramilitares cuando realizaba una investigación periodística. Hoy, desde el periodismo y también como activista, es la voz de las miles de mujeres que han sufrido y sufren la violencia sexual en Colombia. Según Intermón Oxfam serían casi medio millón las mujeres víctimas de esta lacra del conflicto armado colombiano.

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Legal Action

Legal Momentum to Represent Women Sheet Metal Workers

On December 22, 2013, Legal Momentum filed a motion to intervene in a federal lawsuit brought by the EEOC against Vamco, a New York State contractor. The suit alleges that a class of women sheet metal workers were treated unfairly and unjustifiably terminated because of their sex. Legal Momentum represents four women in the class who had years of experience with welding and sheet metal work.

Legal Momentum Files Amicus in Housing Discrimination Case

Legal Momentum filed an Amicus Brief in the United States Supreme Court in the case of Township of Mt. Holly et al. vs. Mt. Holly Gardens et al. on behalf of Legal Momentum and several other civil rights advocacy organizations. Tim Casey, director of Legal Momentum's Women and Poverty program, and staff attorney Jelena Kolic wrote the brief. Casey was counsel of record.

The amicus brief was about housing discrimination against victims of domestic violence, the majority of whom are women. The Court could have decided the issue of whether the Fair Housing Act authorizes “disparate impact” challenges to policies that do not explicitly discriminate on the ground of race or sex, but which have an unjustified disproportionate racial or gender impact. However, the case was settled before the Court could hear it.

Amicus Curiae Brief Filed in Lozano vs. Montoya Custody Case

The case centers on whether, under international law, a child who was abducted and relocated to the United States by her mother must be returned to her father in the U.K. after residing in the U.S. for more than one year. Legal Momentum and the other organizations filing the Amicus brief argue that concealment for purposes of safely escaping domestic violence is sometimes essential because the risks of violence against women and children are greatest after separation from the abuser, and abusers often attempt to recapture their victims—in which case the risks to victims’ health and safety increase significantly—and therefore the Court should not extend the one-year limit and the child should not be returned to the U.K.

Legal Momentum to File Amicus Brief in Montana Rape Case

In the last issue of this newsletter, we reported on Lynn Hecht Schafran’s work with NOW’s Montana and Pennsylvania chapters to file a complaint with the Montana judicial disciplinary board against a judge who had not only given a mere 30-day sentence to a teacher who raped a young teenager, but also made awful comments about the victim.

The Montana Attorney General has since filed an appeal on the ground that the sentence was illegal. Legal Momentum, along with the NOW chapters and west coast women’s advocacy organization Legal Voice, and a local cooperating attorney, is filing an amicus brief on other aspects of this case—including violations of the code of judicial conduct—and will sign on. In December the Montana Supreme Court approved the motion to file the brief.

Legal Momentum Co-Authors Amicus in Case on Domestic Violence and Guns

Earlier this month, the Supreme Court heard arguments in U.S. vs. Castleman, for which Legal Momentum co-authored an amicus brief. This case centers on whether a gun trafficker who abused the mother of his child should be able to legally buy guns. The National Network to End Domestic Violence (NNEDV) urged the Supreme Court to uphold federal laws—and those state laws like Tennessee’s—that were enacted to ensure that domestic violence abusers are prohibited from possessing guns. (Read more here.)

“The only appropriate action in U.S. v. Castleman is to follow the clear and common sense language that prohibits domestic violence abusers from possessing firearms,” said Kim Gandy, President and CEO of NNEDV and Legal Momentum board member.

 

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Late evening of October 16, at least two people in a Santa Rosa neighborhood were simultaneously dialing 911 as they were suddenly alarmed by witnessing a woman in her nightgown and robe fighting and screaming to keep from being forced into a car by multiple abductors. 
 
By the time police arrived on the scene, the car the woman had been forced into had left. The victim’s husband had gotten their 3 children into a second car and had also left or was about to leave. 
 
According to the police dispatch report (CAD), the officers were informed the husband claimed that they (the husband and the other abductors) were taking Daria (not her real name) to rehab. Without any further investigation, the officers walked away from the scene of the crime and canceled the call. 
 
And that was the end of it!  
 
Despite multiple credible independent witnesses to an in-progress forced abduction of a woman fighting and screaming to get away, none of the responding officers opened an investigation. None of the officers wrote up a crime report, nor an incident report, nor any kind of report at all. None of the officers even issued a BOLO on the cars. None of the officers did anything except walk away.
 
And that was only the beginning of Daria's struggles against a cascade of police refusals to act, a struggle that continues to today.
 
 

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Please, PASS This ON to OTHERS
 
SANTA ROSA, CA is RECRUITING a NEW POLICE CHIEF!
 
Santa Rosa, CA, located 70 miles north of San Francisco, is currently searching for a new police chief to head the 163 officer Santa Rosa Police Department.
 
SEEKING CANDIDATE WITH PROGRESSIVE POLICING PHILOSOPHY,  ...SOMEONE LOOKING FOR A CHALLENGE
 
Santa Rosa is a liberal community of 160,000 people, but our police force has remained stubbornly stuck in the old days. It’s been unwilling to integrate its ranks, plagued with sex discrimination lawsuits, fatal officer-involved-shooting lawsuits, deplorable violence against women statistics, and an array of backward practices and policies. 
 
     Here are three links links for our outline of some of the problems:
          Letter of Complaint: http://justicewomen.com/lettersrpdkidnap.pdf
                Brief History: http://justicewomen.com/srpdurgentalertflyer.pdf      
                   Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ifPuznnYE9M  
 
If you like the challenge of creating positive change, if you have an open, progressive, and inclusive policing philosophy, this could be the job for you. The people of Santa Rosa want change. We need and will support a police chief who can lead the way!
 
WHAT’S IN IT FOR YOU?     Look at google maps and you’ll see! In Santa Rosa you’ll have vast wild lands, the stunning Pacific coast, glorious rivers, diverse community, great universities, scores of parks, world class dining, plush gardens, plus the whole San Francisco Bay area all right at your doorstep. 
 
CONTACT: The city of Santa Rosa has hired the executive search firm of,
Ralph Anderson and Associates, Tel: 916.630.4900
Recruiting Agent, David Morgan, 
 
WE ARE: Women’s Justice Center. We’d be glad to answer any questions you may have. You can call us at (707) 575-3150.

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Sweden's innovative sex-trade laws criminalise clients, not prostitutes. The result: a 70 per cent drop in business. Joan Smith jumps in a squad car with local police to find out how it works – and whether Britain could follow suit

 Once I arrested a priest and he told me I'd ruined his life. I told him, 'I haven't ruined your life, you have.'"

I am sitting in the back of an unmarked police car on the small island of Skeppsholmen, to the east of Stockholm's picturesque old town. Above us is the city's modern art museum but it's a dark February night and we're not here to appreciate culture. "They park up there," says the detective in the front passenger seat, pointing to a car park at the top of the hill. "We wait a few minutes and then we leap out, run up the hill and pull open the doors."

What happens next is a textbook example of the way Sweden's law banning the purchase of sex works in practice. The driver of the car, who's brought a prostituted woman to the island to have sex, is arrested on the spot. He's given a choice: admit the offence and pay a fine, based on income, or go to court and risk publicity. The woman, who hasn't broken any law, is offered help from social services if she wants to leave prostitution. Otherwise, she's allowed to go.

"Buying sex is one of the most shameful crimes you can be arrested for," explains the detective, Simon Haggstrom. He's young, black, and his appearance – shaved head, baggy jeans – suggests a music industry executive rather than a cop. But he's in charge of the prostitution unit of Stockholm county police and he's proud of the fact that he's arrested more than 600 men under the Swedish law: "We've arrested everyone from drug addicts to politicians. Once I arrested a priest and he told me I'd ruined his life. I told him, 'I haven't ruined your life, you have.'"

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Against a backdrop of sex, politics, and race, ANITA reveals the intimate story of a woman who spoke truth to power. Directed by Academy Award®-winning filmmaker Freida Mock, the film is both a celebration of Anita Hill's legacy and a rare glimpse into her private life with friends and family, many of whom were by her side that fateful day 22 years ago. Anita Hill courageously speaks openly and intimately for the first time about her experiences that led her to testify before the Senate and the obstacles she faced in simply telling the truth. She also candidly discusses what happened to her life and work in the 22 years since.

Contemporary Interview with Anita Hill about her upcoming documentary, Anita (interview starts with an ad)

Anita Hill Movie Facebook Page

 

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The U.S. Supreme Court this week heard arguments on a case that could put a serious dent in the ugly business of child pornography.

In federal court in Texas, Doyle Paroline was found guilty of possession of child pornography. Among the photos he possessed were two images of an 8-year-old child known as “Amy.” Amy’s images have been distributed for years in child pornography circles, causing her to suffer injuries the judge said were worth millions of dollars in restitution.

The Supreme Court has never before addressed the issue of how much restitution a victim of child pornography should receive from a person convicted of possession. Though federal law is clear that a victim “shall” be compensated fully for her injuries, the court now has to decide whether full compensation means the relative responsibility of each individual possessor for his portion of the harm, or that each individual is fully responsible for the whole amount of a victim’s entire damages.

In tort law, making each individual fully responsible for the whole amount is known as “joint and several” liability. It ensures that injured victims get the money they need, especially in cases where injuries are not easily divisible. For example, in asbestos cases, where the cause of a plaintiff’s injuries is often connected to multiple manufacturers, the injured person is entitled to receive the entire damage award from only one manufacturer, even if their role was relatively minor.

Criminal law is different, but restitution for crime victims is usually analyzed using tort law principles, because at the time restitution is being decided guilt has already been determined.

CONTINUES

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Two years ago, the Women’s Law Project and nine other organizations committed to the enforcement of Title IX sent a letter to then-Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights Russlynn Ali requesting that the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) perform a compliance review of Penn State under Title IX, the federal law that requires schools to take steps to prevent and remedy the effects of sexual harassment and sexual assault so that students are not denied access to an education. Last week, on January 23, 2014, Catherine E. Lhamon, Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights of the U.S. Department of Education, announced in a letter to Rodney Erickson, the President of Penn State, that OCR will finally examine the University’s handling of sexual harassment and sexual assault complaints.

The advocates’ letter, dated December 12, 2011, was signed by the Women’s Law Project, California Women’s Law Center, Legal Voice, Equal Rights Advocates, Equity Legal, National Women’s Law Center, Legal Aid Society—Employment Law Center, Women’s Sports Foundation, American Civil Liberties Union of Pennsylvania, and the Southwest Women’s Law Center. The advocates’ request came in response to reports that the University had failed to respond appropriately to allegations of sexual abuse by assistant football coach Jerry Sandusky. The advocates specifically requested a review of Penn State’s policies and procedures relating to sexual harassment and violence and its handling of past student complaints of such misconduct by student athletes in light of evidence that Penn State, like other universities, has applied a double-standard in its disciplinary process that unduly favors student athletes who have been accused of sexual misconduct.

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New York is the country's fourth-largest hub for human trafficking. Laura discovered its brutality firsthand 

 

This article originally appeared on Juvenile Justice Information Exchange.

It’s part of the game. Because you got to establish a certain thing. You got to establish some fear in that female in order to get that respect. You have to really show that girl — if you told that girl you was gonna kill her, when it come time to [fighting], you have to almost kill her, to beg her to say, “Daddy, no please don’t kill me.” You have to be that serious.

– Bishop Don “Magic” Juan, interview with VladTV.com, April 2013. (See video at end of post) 

(*Editor’s note: “Laura Abasi,” “DJ,” and “Quinn” are not the characters’ real names. All other names in the story are real.)

In early spring of 2004, Laura Abasi stepped out the passenger side of a white Mercedes coupe and onto a red carpet. Laura, 21, didn’t have much time to get ready for the event, an album premiere party at an entertainment studio on Manhattan’s west side. It didn’t matter. DJ had walked into her room about 30 minutes before they had to leave and thrust a shopping bag at her. She slipped on its contents—a knee-length, multi-colored, long-sleeved wrap dress and strappy black stiletto heels. Both items fit perfectly. DJ knew her size—her body—better than she did.

At the party, DJ strode into a thicket of artists and music industry execs flitting around the crowded studio. DJ was Laura’s pimp, and he had purchased her outfit for the occasion. He knew some of the famous faces at the party through his boss, a Billboard chart-topping rapper. DJ introduced Laura to his boss and his wife, and maybe two other men in suits. Of course, DJ referred to Laura as “Amber,” her professional alias. She hadn’t heard “Laura,” her given name, since she was a teenager.

DJ’s boss knew he was a pimp. He had even cast DJ as a pimp in a recent music video, but MTV cut the scene when producers realized DJ wasn’t acting. If anyone else at the party understood or even wondered about DJ and Laura’s relationship, they didn’t indicate it.

“This is Amber,” DJ said.

Laura had turned her first trick on February 1, 2000, for a pimp named Quinn. The Kenyan-born, 5-foot-11 high school dropout thought she would become a model. At 18, she was old for a “green” prostitute—pimps usually “break” girls before they reach 14. And, with her doctor father and middle-class upbringing, Laura had seen more Volvos and college pamphlets than most trafficking victims ever would. Laura’s family emigrated to the U.S. when she was a baby and eventually settled down in a suburban part of Queens.

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This document is a starting point for analyzing family issues that affect a large percentage of female inmates; a variety of resources, legal and otherwise, are cited to help further research about these issues. This document provides information to administrators in developing policies and practices to address the issues common in female offender populations by providing the legal framework in which authorities made decisions and the contextual information around those decisions. This document is the first of a two-part series on legal issues affecting corrections with regard to justice-involved women. It specifically focuses on reproductive health issues; pregnancy management, particularly with regard to obstetrics and gynecological health issues; pregnancy-related security considerations; visitation; the effect of parental incarceration on both the incarcerated mother and child; and how these issues must inform reentry planning. This document is recommended as a reference for commissioners of correctional departments and their legal staff, wardens, sheriffs, and other prison and jail administrators; community correctional officials; service providers; and stakeholders, including advocates for inmates. 248 endnotes

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Mount Pleasant, NY, January 24, 2014,  Police Chief, Brian Fanelli, arrested with charges of possession of child pornography http://ow.ly/sVku3 
 
Baltimore MD, January 24, 2014, officer, Lamin Manneh, age 32, pled guilty: went over state lines to operate prostitution business http://ow.ly/sViih 
 
Denver, CO, January 23, 2014,  sheriff's deputy, Paul Della Rosa, 52,  gave 3 teen girls alcohol during overnight visit; filmed them at pool, lay in bed w them http://ow.ly/sVhS1 
 
Henderson Co, NC, January 18, 2014,  Deputy Daniel Lindsey, age 27, arrested;  charged with three felony counts of sex offense with a student http://ow.ly/sTajg 
 
Windermere, FL, January 22,2014, police chief Daniel Saylorfound guilty; accused of false testimony to help his friend later convicted of raping children http://ow.ly/sT1q3 
 
Benton, AR, January 22, 2014,  police officer, Lt. Monte Hodge,  arrested, charged with rape http://ow.ly/sSYAx 
 
Raleigh Co, NC, January 22, 2014, Deputy Randy Burgess, sentenced to 1 yr home incarceration following his guilty plea to domestic battery against his daughter http://ow.ly/sTcqc 
 
Polk County, Florida: January 23, 2014. A Sheriff’s Office deputy, Julio Jose Garcia,  was arrested and accused of forcing arrested women to take their clothes off and let him touch them. http://ow.ly/sSXHd
 
Lake County, Florida: January 23, 2014, A deputy, Matthew Donnelly , has been arrested on sexual battery charges. The victim says the officer groped her and made inappropriate comments during a traffic stop. The officer’s dash cam was allegedly turned off for about 22 minutes during the encounter. http://ow.ly/sSY3W
 
Phoenix, Arizona: January 20,2014, A police officer,  Justin LaClere, has resigned after being arrested by detectives in connection with a sex crime investigation. The investigation involves a sex act between the officer and a 17-year-old girl. investigation http://ow.ly/sOmII
 
Nelson County, North Dakota: January 17, 2014, A sheriff, Kelly Janke, resigned to avoid being charged with stalking a woman with whom he had an extramarital affair. http://ow.ly/sQndL
 
Linden, Utah: January 17, 2014, A police officer, Joshua Boren, shot and killed his wife, mother-in-law and his two young children, then himself. http://ow.ly/sOo5F
 

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