Womens Justice Center

News Round-up ~ Resumen de noticias


Trainings’ use of ‘cartoonish, unrealistic’ examples could be partially to blame for men’s subsequent dismissal of allegations, says Berkeley professor

Sexual harassment courses aimed at preventing workplace discrimination can have the opposite effect, making men less capable of perceiving inappropriate behavior and more likely to blame victims, according to academic studies that cast doubt on traditional training programs.

One researcher who has questioned the effectiveness of harassment prevention classes is Lauren Edelman, a professor of law and sociology at the University of California Berkeley, the prestigious school that has been at the center of a series of high-profile faculty misconduct scandals in recent months.

“Sexual harassment training may, in fact, make it less likely that males will recognize situations that are harassing,” said Edelman, a faculty member in the renowned UC Berkeley law school, where Sujit Choudhry resigned as dean after he was found to have sexually harassed his executive assistant. “Sexual harassment training may provoke backlash in males.”

Studies testing the effects of harassment training are very limited, but some research has suggested counterintuitive and troubling consequences – that after men complete trainings, they may be more inclined to brush aside allegations and discount victims.

Some researchers believe trainings have no positive effects, tend to be more about legal cover than meaningful prevention or may even have unintended negative consequences – raising serious concerns about the way colleges and companies heavily focus on training as a solution to harassment.


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For centuries in the United States, child labor was all too common.

Despite efforts from educators to encourage primary school, an immigration boom in the latter half of the 19th century resulted in a new pool of child workers. The influx of low-earning, compliant young laborers coincided with the rapid expansion of industrial positions in mills and factories.

Children worked long hours, often in cramped, dangerous conditions, to help support their families.

At the turn of the 20th century, social reformers took aim at child labor.

The National Child Labor Committee used photography to bring attention to the children's abysmal working conditions and push for reform at the state level.

1. Lalar Blanton, 10, sneaks a glimpse outside during her shift at the Rhodes Manufacturing Co. in Lincolnton, North Carolina. (1908)


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The corporate denial of violation of human rights in the death of Berta Cáceres reveals the web of complicities and impunity that prompted her assassination.

Berta Cáceres was killed while sleeping in her home in La Esperanza, Honduras on 3rd March 2016. Over the past few years, she had been harassed, and received multiple death threats for her role in the movements she led opposing the Agua Zarca dam project. The project threatened to cut off the water supply to the Indigenous Lenca community in Honduras, depriving them of the right to sustainably manage and live off their territories and sacred river.

Cáceres won the 2015 Goldman Environmental Prize for her work. But even before her death she had already paid a heavy price for her activism, because of which, her daughters and son had been forced to leave the country as their lives were under threat. Less than two weeks after Berta’s murder, 150 families members of the Civic Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras (COPINH), founded by Berta, were evicted from the community of Rio Lindo, Cortés, by the Military Police and the Special Force ‘Cobras’.  And Nelson García, also a member of COPINH, who had assisted families evicted earlier in the day, was murdered.

Berta Caceres

© Goldman Prize, Berta Cáceres and local assembly community members campaigning against the Agua Zarca dam.


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CIMACFoto: César Martínez López

Por: Lydia Cacho

Cimacnoticias | Ciudad de México.- 25/04/2016 Durante más de 15 años he planteado una pregunta a miles de víctimas de violencia… ¿qué es lo más frustrante de interponer una denuncia en tu país? Estas son las respuestas por orden de importancia. Nótese que frente a la pregunta sobre frustración, casi todas las personas responden con la palabra miedo por delante.
1. El miedo a que no me crean las autoridades.
2. El miedo a que le avisen a mi agresor (secuestrador, violador, etcétera) y haya venganza.
3. El miedo a que me humillen los peritos o el juez o el Ministerio Público.
4. El miedo a que me quede sin trabajo por tener que ocuparme de investigar mi caso como le pasa a casi toda la gente.
5. La angustia a no tener dinero para pagar buenos abogados que no se vendan.
6. El miedo a que retraumaticen a mi hijo o hija por no saber cómo tratar a niños o niñas víctimas de abuso.
7. El miedo, la frustración anticipada de que le dedique dos o tres años de mi vida al caso, y al final el juez no gire sentencia porque el Ministerio Público y la policía no supieron recabar evidencia.
8. El miedo a que me revictimice más hacer un proceso judicial que el delito en sí mismo.
9. El miedo a que me maltraten, me manoseen, me humillen en la Procuraduría por haber sido violada, violado.
10. El miedo y la angustia a que me castigue la autoridad por haber dicho la verdad.
Estoy segura de que las y los lectores coinciden con la mayoría de temores; también sé, porque lo he documentado, que dentro de las fiscalías, juzgados y procuradurías hay personas honestas que intentan romper los vicios estructurales que generan injusticia e impunidad; también viven con miedo y frustración.
Entonces ¿quiénes no viven con miedo? Los operadores de la parálisis del sistema. El primero es el presidente Enrique Peña Nieto y los gobernadores del país que se rehúsan a diario a aceptar la división de poderes. Ellos son los saboteadores principales del  Sistema de Justicia Penal Procesal, impulsan las leyes y paralelamente las desactivan.
El caso Ayotzinapa es hoy el más simbólico: policías y militares ocultan información; el PRI y PRD protegen a su alcalde y gobernador vinculados con la delincuencia organizada y desapariciones forzadas; esta connivencia provoca que la PGJ de Guerrero y la PGR manipulen la evidencia.


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On 8 March 2016, last month’s International Women’s Day, the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ)  published a Practitioners’ Guide on women’s access to justice for gender-based violence, a piece of work I completed as a consultant.

This Practitioners’ Guide, part of a series of Guides on specific legal topics that the ICJ has produced, serves as a manual designed to introduce legal practitioners to the international and regional framework relevant to gender based violence advocacy. The project has been extremely timely, as the most recent General Recommendation 33 of the CEDAW Committee on women’s access to justice was published in August, and the substance of this new standard has been incorporated into this new Practitioners’ Guide.


The first half of the Guide is based on a review of key global and regional legal standards – including the universal human rights treaties and regional treaties addressing women’s human rights from the African, American and European systems, and a brief reference to regional developments in the Arab Charter on Human Rights and ASEAN human rights systems. This part of the guide also contains condensed references to international and regional jurisprudence on gender-based violence, and some examples of good practice in jurisprudence at the domestic level.

Other trends in the jurisprudence and standards addressed in this Practitioners’ Guide include the confirmation of intersectionality as an approach that should be taken by courts to promote equality – especially the rights of Indigenous women (the cases ofValentina Rosendo Cantú and Ines Fernandez Ortega) and also including the right not to be subjected to discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity being recognized in treaty law (Istanbul Convention, Article 4(3)).

The second half of the Practitioners’ Guide addresses the practical situation faced by women survivors of gender-based violence, and the steps that States need to address in order to secure their access to justice in practice. This requires that the justice process deals with women’s need for safety and access to services, including medical services, ensuring women’s empowerment and access to information about their right to justice. There is a Chapter dedicated to women’s experience of the criminal justice system, ensuring that victims and witnesses can give their evidence in safety and dignity. The substantive and procedural criminal laws must also reflect the rights of victims, and are applied in such a way that impunity is addressed effectively.



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 For too long the global sex industry and its vested interests have dominated the prostitution debate repeating the same old line that sex work is just like any job. In large sections of the media, academia, public policy, Government and the law, the sex industry has had its way. Little is said of the damage, violation, suffering, and torment of prostitution on the body and the mind, nor of the deaths, suicides and murders that are routine in the sex industry.

Prostitution Narratives: Stories of Survival in the Sex Trade refutes the lies and debunks the myths spread by the industry through the lived experiences of women who have survived prostitution. These disturbing stories give voice to formerly prostituted women who explain why they entered the sex trade. They bravely and courageously recount their intimate experiences of harm and humiliation at the hands of sex buyers, pimps and traffickers and reveal their escape and emergence as survivors.

Edited by Caroline Norma and Melinda Tankard Reist, Prostitution Narratives documents the reality of prostitution revealing the cost to the lives of women and girls.

Prostitution Narratives: Stories of Survival in the Sex Trade will strengthen and support the global campaign to abolish prostitution, provide solidarity and solace to those who bear its scars and hopefully help women and girls exit this dehumanising industry.

Forthcoming -Forthcoming title.
Orders will ship on release date.

Write a review.

Prostitution Narratives is a compelling collection of first-person accounts of survival in the brutal prostitution market in industrialised countries. The women describe the way prostitution destroys a person’s identity, health and self-worth, leaving them without safety or a rightful place in the world. The world owes a debt of gratitude to these women for their courage in speaking out against the most cruel, organized economic system in the world. These narratives should serve as a rallying cry for action to end this modern-day slave trade.

Donna M. Hughes, Professor & Eleanor M. and Oscar M. Carlson Endowed Chair in Women’s Studies, University of Rhode Island

Whatever your stand on prostitution, it’s the first-hand stories of women that have to be listened to first. These accounts are among the most unsettling you will ever read, dispelling in just a few pages the comforting fairytales our society has built around ‘sex work’.

Steve Biddulph, author of 'Raising Boys'

Powerful and painful. Read it and weep. This book is an essential tool in the fight for freedom.

Danielle Strickland, anti-trafficking advocate and author


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Our voices are being eroded and erased, not simply ignored

EXCERPT: Justice issues bring us to impunity. While the IFJ has been working tirelessly with a variety of international partners (UN, UNWOMEN, GAMAG, etc.) to tackle issues of impunity against all journalists, and with a focus on women, it has not yet made any impact in the newsroom or in the field. Some of these measure are aimed at those journalists killed in the line of reporting, some target harassment, sexual violence and violence – an area that, for the most part, remains under reported and underlying throughout the globe and the field.

In the most cohesive survey of it’s kind to date, the International Women’s Media Foundation (IWMF) and the International News Safety Institute (INSI) published it’s findings on a survey of women journalists in 2014. Two thirds of respondents admitted having received threats, intimidation or abuse in connection to journalistic work, one third that these came from their boss, half had experienced sexual harassment, and a fifth violence. Most of these abuses go unreported.

They have not spoken because of fear of reprisals: loss of job, loss of freedom, and in some cases threats and loss of life. Families of targeted women journalists are also often threatened (see Colombia below).

What is clear from the above, is that while we applaud the work of the IFJ and their international partners to place these issues at the top of the agenda, we urge all of our affiliates to search deep within their own areas to root out these unceasing, unchanging threats to equity in the news and newsrooms: ongoing systemic discrimination, harassment and violence. To implement these measures, laws, declarations and agreements with the same energy applied to silence us and take action not to allow these issues to be pushed out of the highlight and back into the shadows.


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This piece was published in partnership withRewire. This is the first installment of a three-part series about the missing and murdered Native women in the United States and Canada.

Although Trudi Lee was only 7 when her big sister went missing back in 1971, she wept when she talked about that traumatic event 45 years later. “Sometimes I would catch our mom crying alone,” Lee said. “She would never tell me why, but I knew it was over Janice.”

Janice was 15 when she went missing near the Yakama reservation in Washington. Although her parents reported her missing to tribal law enforcement, there was never any news of the lively, pretty girl. “Mom died in 2001 without ever knowing what happened,” Lee said. “We still think of Janice and would at least like to put her to rest in the family burial plot.”

“It happens all the time in Indian country,” said Carmen O’Leary, coordinator of the Native Women’s Society of the Great Plains in South Dakota, a coalition of Native programs that provide services to women who experience violence. “When Native women go missing, they are very likely to be dead.”

Indeed, on some reservations, Native women are murdered at more than 10 times the national average, according to U.S. Associate Attorney General Thomas Perrelli, who presented that gruesome statistic while addressing the Committee on Indian Affairs on Violence Against Women in 2011.


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Republican lawmakers have been doggedly focused on Planned Parenthood for months, hoping to catch the national women’s health organization breaking laws related to fetal tissue donation. This crusade has taken a particularly aggressive turn in Missouri — where state senators are threatening to throw the head of St. Louis’ Planned Parenthood affiliate in jail.

The senators are trying to hold the Planned Parenthood employee in contempt of court — because the clinic has refused turn over a broad swath of private medical documents, which the organization says would have violated federal privacy laws.

The contempt charge is related to a November subpoena issued to Mary Kogut, President and CEO of Planned Parenthood of the St. Louis Region and Southwest Missouri, by the interim Missouri State Senate Committee on the Sanctity of Life. The committee was convened to investigate allegations that the women’s health organization illegally sells fetal remains, made by the Center for Medical Progress’ widely-debunked sting videos.

Among the requested documents are all consent forms signed by patients as part of receiving abortion care or prior to being administered anesthesia since 2010. As the clinic is the only remaining abortion provider in the state, this would effectively give lawmakers the names of the bulk of the women in Missouri who’ve received abortions in recent years, other than a small number of procedures performed at hospitals. Crucially, the committee’s document request makes no specifications about what would happen with the information after it is turned over, so there is no guarantee that the information could not be turned over to the public.

Planned Parenthood’s lawyers contend that the committee lacks the authority to subpoena the documents — many of which contain information protected by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) — and that turning them would be a breach of doctor-patient confidentiality and federal privacy laws.


SEE ALSO: Clinton Calls Out Debate Moderators For Never Asking About Abortion Rights

EXCERPT: “We’ve not had one question about a woman’s right to make her own decisions about reproductive health care, not one question,” Clinton said. “And in the meantime we have states, governors doing everything they can to restrict women’s rights. We have a presidential candidate by the name of Donald Trump saying that women should be punished and we are never asked about this.”

...... the topic has not made it into any of the nine official Democratic debates. As Clinton mentioned, many Republican-controlled state legislatures and Republican governors have moved in recent months to strip funding from women’s health organizations like Planned Parenthood, as haveRepublicans in the U.S. Congress.

“It goes to the heart of who we are as women, our rights, our autonomy, our ability to make our own decisions, and we need to be talking about that and defending Planned Parenthood from these outrageous attacks,” added Clinton.

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Almost two years ago, when the Chibok girls were snatched from their beds in the darkness and tossed into oblivion — I penned an essay that basically thwarted any hopes we had for their safe return.

But prior to that — about a week before the unthinkable transpired — I had an insightful conversation with a good friend of mine about the country of my heritage.

Nigeria. There is no specific way to establish the bipolar relationship I have for a nation that treats its citizens with such disdain.

Growing up in Nigeria taught me to truly appreciate the fact that I was also American. I knew there would be a way out when I was all grown up and ready to claim my birthright.

Funny thing is that now that I’m all grown up and claimed what’s rightfully mine — there is still the feeling of not belonging.



SEE ALSO: Malala’s Open Letter to Parents of the Kidnapped Chibok Girls – 


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La pena por comprar sexo podrá llegar a los 3.500 euros

Madrid, 7 de abril. 16. AmecoPress. Tras dos años de debate parlamentario, Francia aprobó finalmente ayer, 6 de abril, una ley integral sobre prostitución basada en los derechos humanos. Entre las medidas recogidas destaca la penalización de los compradores de servicios sexuales y la despenalización de las personas que ejercen la prostitución.

Con el objetivo de avanzar para acabar con la prostitución, Francia se sitúa como el quinto país europeo que penaliza al consumidor de servicios sexuales; esta medida ha sido previamente implantada en Suecia, Noruega, Islandia y Reino Unido.

Aquellos que compren sexo podrán ser penalizados con una multa de 1.500 euros, que podrá ascender a 3.500, en caso de que existan delitos previos. Además se implantaran cursos de sensibilización para que los consumidores conozcan lo que esconde esta práctica. Con estas medidas el ejecutivo francés pretende que descienda considerablemente la demanda.

 En el intento de garantizar que la prostitución no sea una alternativa, el Gobierno francés aportará ayudas económicas destinadas a apoyar y reinsertar a todas aquellas mujeres que quieran dejar de ejercer la prostitución; además de facilitar el permiso de residencia, durante al menos seis meses, a las mujeres víctimas de trata con fines sexuales.


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Even as scores of U.S. abortion clinics have shut down, the number of doctors trained to provide the procedure has surged – but only in some parts of the country.

Two little-known training programs say they have expanded rapidly in recent years, fueled by robust private funding and strong demand. Launched nearly a quarter century ago amid protest and violence, the programs now train more than 1,000 doctors and medical students annually in reproductive services, from contraception to all types of abortion, according to interviews with Reuters.

But their impact is limited. Most of the doctors end up working near where they train, not in several Southern and Midwestern states that have imposed waiting periods, mandated counseling and enacted other controls.


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from AEquitas, the Prosecutor's Resource on Violence Against Women

Economic Justice for Victims
Presented by Teresa Garvey, Attorney Advisor, AEquitas
and Malore Dusenbery, Associate Director,
Economic Security for Survivors Project

Webinar | April 13, 2016 | 3:00PM - 4:00PM EDT

Economic abuse is one of the many ways that abusers achieve and maintain power and control over their intimate partners.  Many such acts are criminal in and of themselves but are frequently overlooked when the focus is on physical abuse.  Moreover, economic barriers prevent many victims from securing safety for themselves and their children.  Economic insecurity and dependence on the abuser directly impact the ability of victims to participate in the criminal justice system. Addressing the financial impact of these crimes at all stages of the criminal justice process will improve the ability of victims to participate, assist the prosecutor to present a more accurate and compelling case at trial, increase the safety of victims, and help to ensure the offender is held accountable for the full range of criminal conduct.

This webinar will explore the ways in which economic insecurity and economic abuse affect victims and will suggest strategies to achieve economic justice in cases involving intimate partner violence, stalking, sexual violence, and human trafficking.  Click here to register. 

Don't Miss This!
Investigating and Prosecuting Trafficking 

in Illicit Massage Businesses: Part One
Presented by Jane Anderson, Attorney Advisor at AEquitas and
Bradley Myles, CEO and Oriene Shin, Strategic Initiatives Specialist at Polaris
Webinar | April 6, 2016 | 3:00PM - 4:00PM EDT

Illicit Massage Businesses (IMBs) are known fronts for criminal activity and human trafficking. They are venues guised as legitimate massage or bodywork businesses in which women are forced, coerced, and defrauded into performing countless sex acts with strangers on a daily basis. As in other sex-trafficking settings, many of the women fail to self-identify as victims of sexual, psychological, and physical violence by perpetrators who exploit their inability or unwillingness to engage the criminal justice system. Instead, the women view themselves as consenting members of IMBs. In spite of increased law enforcement efforts to combat human trafficking, IMBs have proved to be difficult targets largely because of ineffective response focused more on arresting individuals (particularly women) than on effectively dismantling organizations and offering services to victims. This traditional law enforcement response jeopardizes victim safety, permits “buyers” to escape accountability, and permits owners to resume operations in a new venue.

This presentation will be the first of a three-part series, providing an overview of the IMB organizational model, which typically exists within one of many nationwide networks. The presenters will discuss how women are recruited, harbored, and exploited within those networks. This webinar will explore some of the challenges facing law enforcement and prosecutors, demonstrating the need for strategies to build evidence-based cases that can ensure that offenders are held accountable for their wide-ranging criminal activity. Click here to register for the webinar.

Recent Webinar Recordings:

** Introducing Expert Testimony in Sexual Violence Cases

** Alcohol Facilitated Sexual Assault:

Who Needs Force When You have Alcohol? Parts I & II

** Safeguarding Victim Privacy:
A Plan of Action for Prosecutors

Recent Publications:

** Prosecutors’ Resource on Sexual Abuse in Confinement

** Identifying, Investigating, and Prosecuting Witness Intimidation in Cases of Sexual Abuse in Confinement

** Keep Calm and Understand 
       Elonis v. United States


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The Netherlands Accountability Fund is designed to strengthen the lobby and advocacy capacity of  local Civil Society Organisations (CSO’s) in the South. The Fund is being managed by the Dutch Embassies and provides multiannual grants to local CSO’s. The Dutch Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation, Ms. Liliane Ploumen, has decided to allocate one third of this fund to the development and strengthening of lobby and advocacy capacities of organisations working on women’s rights and gender equality. This means that between 2016 and 2020 an amount of 5 Million EURO will be available every year to women’s rights lobby and advocacy activities at local level in low income and low middle income countries.

The Minister encourages the Dutch Embassies to contact local women’s organisations and to come up with new or additional proposals for 2016. On our side, we encourage local organisations within the FLOW-community in low income and low middle income countries to contact the Dutch Embassies in their countries and inquire about the possibilities. The Taskforce for Women’s Rights and Gender Equality of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will assist embassies to realize this additional effort on women’s rights and gender equality. Embassies may get help by organizing a scoping mission or the execution of a gender analysis, for example. The requirements to the proposals are not very prescriptive nor extensive to allow access of smaller local CSO’s. Applicants may count on support to facilitate proposals, where needed.

Please take note that proposals for 2016 should be submitted preferably no later than 30 June. The Dutch Embassy in your country will be able to inform you about the requirements and possibilities



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French lawmakers on Wednesday approved a bill against prostitution and sex trafficking that bans buying sex, not selling it. Customers will face fines and be made to attend awareness classes on the harms of the sex trade.

The legislation, which passed 64-12 in the parliament's lower house, the National Assembly, makes French law one of the toughest against sex buyers in Europe.

Prostitution in itself is legal in France — though brothels, pimping and the sale of sex by minors are illegal.

The new measure does away with a 2003 law that banned passive soliciting by sex workers on the street and thus put the legal onus on prostitutes.

This new bill focuses the punishment on the client, introducing a 1,500-euro ($1,700) fine that would rise to 3,750 euros for a sex buyer's second offense.



UPDATED: Sweden's Prostitution Solution: Why Hasn't Anyone Tried This Before?

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One woman established a new law to prevent child marriage, and is enforcing it with serious gusto. 

Theresa Kachindamoto, senior chief in the Dedza District in Central Malawi, was tired of seeing 12-year-old girls walking around with babies on their hips, according to Al Jazeera. She decided to take a stand and made 50 of her sub-chiefs sign an agreement to end child marriage in her area of authority.

“I told them: ‘Whether you like it or not, I want these marriages to be terminated,’” Kachindamoto told the news outlet.


But she didn’t stop there: She made the leaders annul any existing underage unions, and send all of the children involved back to school, according to the Nyasa Times. 

While marrying under age 18 in Malawi has been illegal since early 2015, children can still be married under so-called “customary law,” meaning with parental consent and overseen by traditional leaders, reports Al Jazeera.

When four male chiefs continued to approve underage marriages, Kachindamoto suspended them as a warning to others, only hiring them back once they confirmed they had annulled the unions, according to Al Jazeera.

“First it was difficult, but now people are understanding,” she said to the outlet.


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Our new research paper examines the relationship between development initiatives, the growth of religious fundamentalisms, and the state of women’s rights.

Download PDF

A worldwide problem for women’s rights

Globally and in every religious context there has been a growth in the power and influence of religious fundamentalist actors. Although the violence that they are wreaking on women’s rights and human rights may differ and manifest in specific ways depending on the context, it is clear that this escalation is taking place across the world.

The paper presents a global picture of rising religious fundamentalisms. It details the grave human rights violations, and violations of women’s rights in particular, caused by state-sponsored fundamentalism, as well as by fundamentalist non-state actors such as militias, religious community organizations, and individuals.  

The control of women’s bodily autonomy is a hallmark of fundamentalist ideology that crosses religious boundaries, and is central to the way that fundamentalist ideologues exercise power.

Religious fundamentalisms have particularly high costs for women and girls. Fundamentalist reinforcement of regressive, patriarchal social norms are leading to the rise of violence against women, girls, and women human rights defenders (WHRDs).


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Powerful research can sometimes be conducted in quiet ways. This study of the rapes of older people that asked police force for data is one such example.

Rape of older people in the UK is a title that hints at the different perspectives that criminologists bring. They do not use the term ‘elder abuse’ or ‘sexual violence’ but the criminal offence term. This study provides unique data about reported crimes, with the authors acknowledging that victims are sometimes ‘invisible’.


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Picture used in Saudi Arabia's domestic violence awareness campaig. (Photo courtesy: KKF)

The new domestic violence reporting center in Saudi Arabia has received 1,890 domestic violence reports during the first three days of its opening, the Ministry of Social Affairs has said.

Deputy Minister of Social Affairs for Social and Family Care Abdullah Al-Muaiqil said the center opened on Sunday of last week and it was already bombarded with calls. “Forty-nine percent of the calls were reporting new cases, 12 percent were inquiring about previous reports and 20 percent were seeking consultancy. Nineteen percent of the calls were to inquire about the services the center offers,” said Al-Muaiqil.

He also said 916 of the cases during that period were newly reported. “Two hundred thirty-three of the calls were inquiries about previously reported cases and their updates. Calls seeking consultancy were 374 while 367 of the calls were inquiring about the services the center offers. These numbers show that domestic violence and abuse is indeed a widespread phenomenon in our society,” said Al-Muaiqil.

He added the center is open to receive calls 24 hours of the day and in all days of the week.


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Mariel Franco atiende a las víctimas en un dispositivo madrileño. En diálogo con Página/12, detalla el recorrido de una mujer cuando pide ayuda. Hay juzgados de violencia de género, juicio rápido y vigilancia policial. Refugios, subsidios y asistencia psicológica y jurídica gratuita.

....Radicada a inicios del 2008 en Madrid, Franco trabajó en la Comisión para la Investigación de Malos Tratos a Mujeres, en el Observatorio de Salud de las Mujeres, dependiente del Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad, y actualmente brinda asistencia a víctimas a través del Punto Municipal del Observatorio Regional de Violencia de Género de la Mancomunidad de Servicios Suroeste de Madrid, que agrupa a varias localidades con escasa población de esa región.

La especialista argentina precisó que la Comunidad de Madrid tiene su propia ley integral contra la violencia de género del año 2005, la Ley 5/2005. “A partir de esa norma se creó una serie de dispositivos de control, seguimiento y asistencia a las mujeres víctimas de violencia de género”, señaló. El Observatorio Regional de Violencia de Género es el encargado de velar por el cumplimiento de la ley y además, coordina todas las acciones destinadas a la prevención y asistencia respecto del tema conjuntamente con el área de Igualdad, explicó. A su vez, se ocupa de las tareas de sensibilización social respecto del tema. Entre los dispositivos de atención se encuentran los de asistencia directa, los centros de emergencia, de acogida y pisos tutelados para las mujeres y sus hijos e hijas.

–¿Cómo funciona cada uno de esos dispositivos?


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Julia Geynisman, MDDebra Taubel, MD

While at the scrub sink several weeks ago, an attending obstetrician told me the story of a tattoo he had seen on a patient several years ago: “We were placing the Foley when we saw this life-size tattoo of a ruler on her inner thigh. You know, the full 12-inch school ruler kind. We asked her what the story was and the patient gave us attitude about the tattoo - didn’t want to really explain what it meant - she was a real tough girl, you know, and then she said, ‘its to measure the man’s penis.’” The obstetrician enjoyed this story and told it as a humorous example of how far modern women have come in their sexual empowerment. It was clear that he was oblivious of the possibility that this tattoo was not drawn by choice. Unfortunately, tattoos such as this are one of the hallmarks of the commercial sex industry - an exam finding that most of us in medicine are blind to recognizing and paralyzed to act on.

Recommended: Counseling women on reproductive and sexual coercion

Human trafficking, or rather, modern slavery, is an insidious and pervasive problem in our society. The United Nations defines sex trafficking as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, or harboring or an individual by means of threat, force, coercion or deception in order to exert control over that individual for the purpose of sexual exploitation. In the case of minors, no threat or coercion needs to occur. The legal definition simply states that any minor being sold for sex is a victim of trafficking.1


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