Womens Justice Center




















News Round-up ~ Resumen de noticias


 

 
Lecture by Professor Diana E. H. Russell about sexual violence and abuse toward, and discrimination against women. Prof. Russell is one of the world's foremost experts on sexual violence against women and girls.
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The National Task Force on the Use of Restraints with Pregnant Women under Correctional Custody, initially convened by the U.S. Department of Justice in 2011, created this best 
practices statement to articulate a set of principles to guide agencies and jurisdictions in the development of local policy and practice. These best practices are relevant across a variety of settings including criminal justice, juvenile justice, psychiatric and forensic hospitals, law enforcement transport, and others. This document refers and applies to both women (age 18 years and older) and girls (younger than age 18) who are pregnant, laboring and delivering, or in the post-partum period.
 
This statement is not a proscribed policy. Rather, it should serve as a starting point for individual organizations to use in developing effective internal policies, procedures, and practices that maximize safety and minimize risk for pregnant women and girls, their fetuses/newborns, and correctional and medical staff. 
 

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Mujeres policías participaron en actividad para explicar cómo se debe denunciar a los acosadores ante las autoridades.

La Dirección de Protección de la Familia y Personas Vulnerables de la Policía estuvo hoy en la Estación Central del Metropolitano para recordar las medidas que debe seguir una persona cuando es víctima de una agresión sexual callejera.

¿QUÉ HACER?

1. Apenas sucede la agresión, la víctima debe fijarse bien en el rostro, el color y tipo de ropa del acosador, en caso huya. La víctima podrá retenerlo si pide apoyo inmediato a la gente de alrededor o la intervención de cualquier policía o sereno que esté cerca. Si se encuentra en un bus del Metropolitano, puede pedir ayuda al conductor. En varias zonas de Lima hay policías vestidos de civiles.

2. La víctima también debe asegurarse de grabar o tomarle fotos al agresor, mientras lo tenga cerca, para facilitar su identificación posterior. Una vez que llega la policía o un sereno, la víctima puede exigir la detención inmediata del acosador, si ha caído en flagrancia.

3. Luego, la persona afectada puede denunciar la agresión en la comisaría de la zona y exigir que la denuncia pase al Ministerio Público. Puede pedir una copia del parte o atestado policial y defensa jurídica gratuita.

4. La víctima debe recibir durante todo el proceso y exigir un trato digno, especializado, oportuno, reservado y multidisciplinario. Luego de presentar la denuncia, la persona tendrá que asistir a citaciones policiales, dar su testimonio y reconocer al acosador, hasta que un juzgado resuelva el caso.

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This paper is part of the Special Issue: Understanding terror and violence in the lives of children and adolescents. More papers from this issue can be found at http://www.eurojnlofpsychotraumatol.net

Published: 2 July 2014

European Journal of Psychotraumatology 2014. © 2014 Grete Dyb and Miranda Olff. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported (CC BY 4.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, for any purpose, even commercially, under the condition that appropriate credit is given, that a link to the license is provided, and that you indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. 

Citation: European Journal of Psychotraumatology 2014, 5: 25121 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ejpt.v5.25121

Millions of children each year are exposed to acute events that affect one individual or family at a time (e.g., car accidents, residential fire, street violence, sudden medical events) (Langeland & Olff, 2008). Less frequent, but with major impact, are terror attacks. Across the world, terrorist groups, single actor terrorists, and perpetrators of school shootings have attacked groups of children and youth in spaces thought to provide safety. Research performed after such attacks suggests that the prevalence of posttraumatic stress reactions among persons with high levels of exposure is substantial (Schwarz & Kowalski, 1991; Scrimin et al., 2006).

This issue of the European Journal of Psychotraumatology focuses on recent major shooting events targeting youth in Europe. In Finland two shootings took place; the first school shooting occurred in Jokela 2007 and the second in Kauhajoki 2008. After the 2007 school shooting in Finland, high levels of posttraumatic distress were reported by 27% of females and 7% of males, 4 months after the shooting (Suomalainen, Haravuori, Berg, Kiviruusu, & Marttunen, 2011). In this issue, Turunen presents how attachment may be associated with the recovery processes following these events (Turunen, Haravuori, Punamäki, Suomalainen, & Marttunen, 2014).

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The Mesoamerican Women Human Rights Defenders Initiative (IM-Defensoras) denounces the assassination of a woman defender in Guatemala.

- IM-Defensoras deplores and denounces the assassination of Guatemalan feminist and women human rights defender Patricia Samayoa, perpetrated by a private security guard.

- We extend our most sincere support, solidarity and sisterhood to her daughter Andrea, family, friends, and activist colleagues as well.

Friday, July 25, 2014 – The Mesoamerican Women Human Rights Defenders Initiative (IM-Defensoras), comprising more than 300 women human rights defenders of Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador and Nicaragua, has received with grief, consternation and indignation the news of the assassination of feminist activist and women human rights defender Patricia Eluvia Samayoa Méndez that took place in Guatemala City the night of the 3rd of July.

According to information provided by women human rights defenders in Guatemala and to local media coverage, Patricia Samayoa died after being shot by a security guard working for a drugstore she entered to buy medicines. The guard "shot her because he thought she was a robber."

Unfortunately, this is not an isolated event, and it occurred in a context of widespread violence throughout Guatemala, a country with one of the highest homicide rates in Latin America –34.03 out of 100 thousand inhabitants according to the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). The clearly unsuccessful response of the government to this situation of insecurity has been on one hand an ongoing militarization of the territory, and on the other a tendency to delegate duties to private security companies. According to our "2012 Assessment Report: Violence against WHRDs in Mesoamerica," the number of private security guards has triplicated that of police officers. Besides, most of the private security companies are not officially registered; their guards work beyond government control, frequently performing police functions and in many cases perpetrating abuses, as it is evident from the fact that in 2012 private security guards ranked fifth on the list of perpetrators of aggressions against women human rights defenders, being responsible for 25 of the 230 attacks recorded in Guatemala.

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Only three out of every 100 rapists will ever spend even a single day in prison, according to a new analysis by RAINN of Justice Department data. The other 97 will walk free, facing no consequences for the violent felony they have committed. Because rapists tend to be serial criminals, this leaves communities across the nation at risk of predators.

While the percentage of rapes reported to police has risen in recent years, a majority — 54% — still are not reported, according to the Justice Department. But increasing reporting alone won't solve the problem: only about one out of four reported rapes leads to an arrest, and only about one out of four arrests leads to a felony conviction and incarceration.

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EXCERPT:

“What we’re really missing is a coordinated global effort that is commensurate with the scale and the size of the issue” of FGM and child marriage, she said. “With 14 million girls married each year, a handful of individual projects around the world are simply not enough to make a dent in that problem.”

U.S. action

The need for better coordination and accountability was echoed by Lyric Thompson, co-chair of the Girls Not Brides-USA coalition, a foundation that co-sponsored Tuesday’s Girl Summit here in Washington.

“If we are going to end child marriage in a generation, as the Girl Summit charter challenges us to do, that is going to mean a much more robust effort than what is currently happening,” Thompson told IPS. “A few small programmes, no matter how effective, will not end the practice.”

In particular, Thompson is calling on the United States to take a more active stand against harmful practices that affect women globally, which she adds is consistent with the U.S Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013

“If America is serious about ending this practice in a generation, this means not just speeches and a handful of [foreign aid] programmes, but also the hard work of ensuring that American diplomats are negotiating with their counterparts in countries where the practice is widespread,” she says.

“It also means being directly involved in difficult U.N. negotiations, including the ones now determining the post-2015 development agenda, to ensure a target on ending child, early and forced marriage is included under a gender equality goal.”

SEE FULL ARTICLE

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Ángela González es la primera mujer en demandar al Estado como responsable civil del filicidio de su hija de 7 años; lo había denunciado 30 veces por violencia; condena de la ONU

Madrid-. Angela González, la primera mujer en demandar al Estado español como responsable civil de filicidio, afirmó que sabía que su ex marido acabaría matándola a ella "o a la niña, o a las dos", por lo que lo había denunciado en más de 30 ocasiones.

"Me llamo Angela González, vivo en Madrid, tengo 44 años y durante los últimos 20 he sido una mujer maltratada. Tuve el valor de abandonar a mi marido, Felipe Rascón, con una bolsa en una mano y Andrea bajo el brazo en 1996", dijo la mujer en una entrevista con el diario español El Mundo.

Desde entonces y hasta que su hija fue asesinada pidió ayuda "a los jueces, a la Policía, a la Guardia Civil, a los servicios sociales... íA todo el mundo! Pero nadie nos protegió", dijo.

"Supliqué que se interrumpiera el régimen de visitas, que no dejaran que Felipe viera a la niña o, al menos, que los encuentros fueran vigilados. Pero un juez estimó que el padre tenía derecho a estar con ella a solas, que no era peligroso. El 24 de abril de 2003 Felipe le disparó en la cabeza y se suicidó", contó.

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Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg in 2013. She says the court’s majority fails to understand what women face in achieving equality. CreditTodd Heisler/The New York Times 

WASHINGTON — When Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg reflects on the Supreme Court’s recent rulings, she sees an inconsistency.

In its gay rights rulings, she told a law school audience last week, the court uses the soaring language of “equal dignity” and has endorsed the fundamental values of “liberty and equality.” Indeed, a court that just three decades ago allowed criminal prosecutions for gay sex now speaks with sympathy for gay families and seems on the cusp of embracing a constitutional right to same-sex marriage.
 
But in cases involving gender, she said, the court has never fully embraced “the ability of women to decide for themselves what their destiny will be.” She said the court’s five-justice conservative majority, all men, did not understand the challenges women face in achieving authentic equality.

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from the Executive Summary:

In commemoration of the 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation, the Obama Administration reaffirmed the 
American values of freedom and equality by asking federal agencies to develop a plan to strengthen services for victims of 
human trafficking. Coordination, Collaboration, Capacity, the Federal Strategic Action Plan on Services for Victims of Human 
Trafficking in the United States, 2013-2017 (the Plan) embraces these principles and builds on the progress that our Nation has 
made in combating human trafficking and modern day forms of slavery through government action, as well as partnerships with 
allied professionals and concerned citizens. 
 
As our understanding of the scope and impact of human trafficking evolved over the years, we now recognize a more complex 
web of exploitation affecting diverse communities across the country. Today, we acknowledge that human trafficking affects U.S. 
citizens and foreign nationals, adults and children, and men, women, and transgender individuals who are victimized across a 
wide range of commercial sex and forced labor schemes. This Plan details a series of coordinated actions to strengthen the reach 
and effectiveness of services provided to all victims of human trafficking, regardless of the victims’ race, color, national origin, 
disability, religion, age, gender, immigration status, sexual orientation, or the type of trafficking they endured. 
 
The purpose of this Plan is to describe the steps that federal agencies will take to ensure that all victims of human trafficking in the 
United States are identified and have access to the services they need to recover. This includes steps to create a victim services 
network that is comprehensive, trauma-informed, and responsive to the needs of all victims. While prevention and prosecution 
activities fall outside the scope of this document, the Administration recognizes that addressing human trafficking through 
prevention, exploring and implementing demand reduction strategies, and using prosecution to hold offenders accountable are 
critical elements in the U.S. Government’s comprehensive approach to combating all forms of human trafficking. The Plan focuses 
on providing and coordinating support for victims and it aligns with all other efforts of the Federal Government to eliminate 
human trafficking and prevent further victimization, particularly as outlined in the Attorney General’s Annual Report to Congress 
and Assessment of U.S. Government Activities to Combat Trafficking in Persons.1 
 
The Plan identifies several “core values” (page 9) related to trafficking victims’ services and key areas for improving service delivery. 
Recognizing that government alone cannot stop this insidious crime, the Plan is written to appeal to a wide audience in order to 
bring additional resources, expertise, and partnerships to end human trafficking and better support victims. For example, public 
awareness must be increased to engage more stakeholders and increase victim identification. There must also be an expansion 
of access to victim services. Finally, the quality of the services, not merely the quantity, must be addressed to ensure that victims 
are supported throughout their long-term journey as survivors. 
 
The Plan lays out four goals, eight objectives, and contains more than 250 associated action items for victim service improvements 
that can be achieved during the next 5 years. Federal agencies will coordinate efforts and work toward each of these goals 
simultaneously. Actions to improve victim identification are woven through each of the goals. The four goals are: 
1. aliGn EFFortS: 
Promote a strategic, coordinated approach to the provision of services for victims of human trafficking at the 
federal, regional, state, territorial, tribal, and local levels. (page 11) 
2. iMproVE UndErStandinG: 
Expand and coordinate human trafficking-related research, data, and evaluation to support evidence-based 
practices in victim services. (page 18) 
3. EXpand aCCESS to SErViCES: 
Provide and promote outreach, training, and technical assistance to increase vvictim identification and expand the 
availability of services. (page 24) 
4. iMproVE oUtCoMES: 
Promote effective, culturally appropriate, trauma-informed services that improve the short- and long-term health, 
safety, and well-being of victims. (page 38) 
 

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Girl Summit 2014

Grassroots campaigners were mostly portrayed as victims not agents of change, says Naana Otoo-Oyortey. Photograph: Oli Scarff/Getty Images
 
The global event on FGM and child marriage was a big step in the right direction, but there are still four key areas to address
 

On 22 July, more than 600 people and much of the UK's media gathered in London for the Girl Summit, which focused on the themes of female genital mutilation (FGM) and child, early and forced marriage.

It was great to listen to the numerous pledges, funding commitments and policy announcements, but with most delegates now gone and the media's attention for the most part turned to other things, now is the time to reflect on the long journey to the Girl Summit.

The summit marked a turning point for FGM and child marriagecampaigners. However, we need to ask ourselves whether this will lead to lasting change. Changing centuries-old social norms can only happen at community level, and to end these practices within a generation, we need to address the missing links from the Girl Summit as a matter of urgency.

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Presented as extensions of the Violence Against Women Act at the Senate Judiciary Committee's hearing on Wednesday were Sen. Amy Klobuchar's Protecting Domestic Violence and Stalking Victims Act and Sen. Richard Blumenthal’s Lori Jackson Domestic Violence Survivor Protection Act.

A standing-room only crowd attended the Senate Judiciary Committee’s first (ever!) hearing on guns and domestic violence on Wednesday morning; when the door opened, one could hear that there were people out in the hall as well. Under discussion were S. 1290, Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)’s Protecting Domestic Violence and Stalking Victims Act, and S. 2483, freshman Sen. Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)’s Lori Jackson Domestic Violence Survivor Protection Act. Both were presented as extensions of the Violence Against Women Act, which was reauthorized last year.

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 AWID Logo

August 1,2014, In December 2013 Michelle Bachelet won a landslide victory in the first ever presidential race between two women candidates, giving her a second term in the top decision making position in Chile. AWID spoke to feminist Sociologist Teresa Valdés, Coordinator for Chile's Gender and Equity Watch, about women's expectations and challenges to be addressed.

SEE INTERVIEW ENGLISH

AWID Logo

ENTREVISTA: La Presidenta Chilena Michelle Bachelet Con Agenda De Género En Su Nuevo Mandato

1 Agosto, 2014, En diciembre 2013, Michelle Bachelet obtuvo una aplastante victoria en la primera carrera presidencial entre dos mujeres candidatas, dándole un segundo mandato en ese alto cargo de toma de decisiones. AWID conversó con la socióloga y feminista Teresa Valdés, Coordinadora del Observatorio de Género y Equidad de Chile, sobre las expectativas del movimiento de mujeres respecto al nuevo mandato de la presidenta Michelle Bachelet y los desafíos a dar respuesta.

VER LA ENTREVISTA ESPANOL

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from feministing

Esquire has a wonderful profile of Dr. Willie Parker, one of the two doctors who flies in from out-of-state to work at Mississippi’s sole embattled abortion clinic. Parker, whose decision to become an abortion provider is deeply rooted in his Christian faith, quit his obstetrics practice to do the procedures full-time after Dr. Tiller was assassinated five years ago. These days, he travels around the country providing abortion care in areas where access is most limited and isan eloquent advocate for reproductive justice

Many of these women come from hours away, one from a little town on the Kentucky border that’s a seven-hour drive. They don’t know much about Dr. Parker. They don’t know that he grew up a few hours away in Birmingham, the second youngest son of a single mother who raised six children on food stamps and welfare, so poor that he taught himself to read by a kerosene lamp and went to the bathroom in an outhouse; that he was born again in his teenage years and did a stint as a boy preacher in Baptist churches; that he became the first black student-body president of a mostly white high school, went on to Harvard and a distinguished career as a college professor and obstetrician who delivered thousands of babies and refused to do abortions. They certainly don’t know about the “come to Jesus” moment, as he pointedly describes it, when he decided to give up his fancy career to become an abortion provider. Or that, at fifty-one, having resigned a prestigious job as medical director of Planned Parenthood, he’s preparing to move back south and take over a circuit roughly similar—for safety reasons, he won’t be more specific—to the one traveled by Dr. David Gunn before an antiabortion fanatic assassinated him in 1993. Or that his name and home address have been published by an antiabortion Web site with the unmistakable intent of terrorizing doctors like him. Or that he receives threats that say, “You’ve been warned.” Or that he refuses to wear a bulletproof vest, because he doesn’t want to live in fear—”if I’m that anxious, they’ve already taken my life”—but owns a stun gun because a practical man has to take precautions. What they do know is this:

He is the doctor who is going to stop them from being pregnant.

The profile captures Dr. Parker’s motivation for doing this work and the great care and empathy he brings to it. It also offers a rare glimpse into what actually happens at an abortion clinic and shows the huge diversity among the stories of the dozens of women Dr. Parker helps each day. You should really read the rest here.

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ESPN panelist Stephen A. Smith has been roundly panned for his comments on domestic violence, in which he suggested women should do what they can not to "provoke" their partners into abusing them.

On Monday, Smith apologized for his comments, but MSNBC pundit Goldie Taylor wasn't about to let him off the hook.

In a series of tweets, the journalist explained exactly why his comments were so dangerous. She opened up about her own experience being stabbed by an abusive partner, and revealed the victim-blaming she suffered -- even from her own family.

On top of the physical abuse, Taylor was also financially abused by her partner. According to her testimony, he made her turn over her paycheck each week and would not allow her to have a credit card, a common tactic used by abusers to control and isolate their victims.

Here are a selection of Taylor's tweets; visit her twitter feed to read the entire conversation.

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from Intlawgrrls...

The last few weeks have seen numerous reports on the growing number ofunaccompanied minors seeking entry to the United States through the Mexican border. The reasons for the uptick in crossings are numerous and complex, and, like the question of whether the children meet the definition of refugees, are not the focus of this post. My question here is a simpler one: whether the adjudication mechanisms under consideration in response to this crisis afford these children a fair hearing focused on a determination of credible fear and other harm which, if identified, would trigger international protection. If the contemplated changes do not comport with a good faith application of the principle of non-refoulement, we run the risk that the U.S. will be in breach of its international obligations.

A “fast-track” process eases the short-term administrative and resource burden at the risk of returning children in need of protection, and would violate the principle of non-refoulement. Non-refoulement, or a prohibition on forcible return, compels States to ensure that no person is forcibly returned to a place where they face persecution,torture or inhuman treatment. In the context of refugee law, States have an obligation of non-refoulement until a negative refugee status determination has been made and States have a good faith obligation to ensure that this takes place. Refoulement can be explicit or it can be constructive, but the UNHCR has stated that it applies at the border, even before an entry is made.

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Programa Interdisciplinario de Estudios de la Mujer
Centro de Estudios Sociológicos
Programa Universitario de Estudios de Género

Conferencia: Violencia de Género: archivos estatales, reportes mediáticos, memorias viscerales
Impartido por la Dra. Ileana Rodríguez

Modera: Dra. Marta Lamas, PUEG-UNAM

Salón 5524, El Colegio de México
Junio 25 de 2014

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TRAFFICKING ARTICLES: 

 Research in Brief—Putting Sex Traffickers Out of Business: Combatting Human Trafficking and Prostitution by Reducing the Demand for Commercial Sex 
Maureen Q. McGough, Esq., Policy Adviser, Office of the Director, National Institute of Justice

 From the Assistant Attorney General—OJP’s Partnership with Law Enforcement Against Human Trafficking 
Karol V. Mason, Assistant Attorney General, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice

 Making the Case for a Collaborative Response to Human Trafficking Crimes: U.S. v. Andrew Fields

 Addressing Victims of Sexual Trafficking with a Dose of Humanity: The Role of Peer Counselors 
Tom Dart, Sheriff, Cook County, Illinois, Sheriff’s Office

 Ten Years and Counting...
One Woman’s Path from Survivor to Mentor
 

Marian Hatcher, Project Manager, Cook County, Illinois, Sheriff’s Women’s Justice Programs

 The Front Line: Challenges for Law Enforcement in the Fight Against Human Trafficking 
Maureen Q. McGough, Esq., Policy Advisor, Office of the Director, National Institute of Justice

 Human Trafficking: Building an Agency’s Social Capital Through a Social Justice Response 
John Vanek, MA, Lieutenant (ret.), San Jose, California, Police Department, and Adjunct Professor, Monterey Institute of International Studies, Middlebury College, Monterey, California

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El Comité de Expertas de la CEDAW recomienda al Estado peruano intensificar esfuerzos para lograr igualdad de género

Madrid, 24 jul. 14. AmecoPress. El Comité de Expertas que vigila el cumplimiento de la Convención para la Eliminación de Toda Forma de Discriminación Contra la Mujer (CEDAW), examinó al Estado peruano el día 1 de julio en su 58° periodo de sesiones. Ayer este Comité hizo público su Informe Final en el que saludan los progresos del Estado en materia de no discriminación contra las mujeres, como la aprobación de la Guía Técnica Nacional para el procedimiento de Aborto Terapéutico. Sin embargo señalan sus preocupaciones por la persistencia de barreras para el cumplimiento de la Convención y la vigencia de los derechos de las mujeres.

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EDITOR:

Bishop Robert Vasa sent a letter to parishioners explaining the Catholic Church’s latest molestation settlement. This was obviously done in hopes of encouraging people to still donate to capital campaigns in the diocese.

He wrote: “Many think the church or I as bishop has the ability to definitively root out every hint of this type of perversity. This however is a task beyond any human power. We will only accomplish this through prayer and works of penance such as fasting and giving of alms to the poor. In short, it will only happen through each of us working first for the conversion of our own hearts and then for the wider renewal of the church. When through conversion every heart has redoubled its resolve to avoid every occasion of sin, that is the day we need no longer worry about another of these terrible horror stories happening.”

Say what?

Vasa, in a transparent attempt to dodge responsibility, pretends there’s no church hierarchy. That’s convenient now, but how come he speaks with the authority of the apostles when it’s time to tell lay Catholics how we must live? Sorry, the diocesan capital campaign will not receive a cent from me. I will continue to donate only to my parish.

LAURA GONZALEZ

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Using #LikeAGirl as an insult is a hard knock against any adolescent girl. And since the rest of puberty's really no picnic either, it's easy to see what a huge impact it can have on a girl's self-confidence. 

We're kicking off an epic battle to make sure that girls everywhere keep their confidence throughout puberty and beyond, and making a start by showing them that doing it #LikeAGirl is an awesome thing.

"In my work as a documentarian, I have witnessed the confidence crisis among girls and the negative impact of stereotypes first-hand," said Lauren Greenfield, filmmaker and director of the #LikeAGirl video. "When the words 'like a girl' are used to mean something bad, it is profoundly disempowering. I am proud to partner with Always to shed light on how this simple phrase can have a significant and long-lasting impact on girls and women. I am excited to be a part of the movement to redefine 'like a girl' into a positive affirmation."

So tell us... what do YOU do #LikeAGirl?

For the past 30 years, Always has been empowering girls globally, bringing puberty education to millions of adolescent girls. 
Find out more at http://www.always.com/en-us/likeagirl...

Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/always
Twitter - http://twitter.com/Always

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from Feminst Law Professors Blog

Polly Morgan is a Lecturer in Law at the University of East Anglia School of Law. UAE is located in Norfolk, England. She recently answered these questions for Feminist Law Professors.

What is your educational and professional background?

I hold an undergraduate degree in law, a master’s degree in family law and policy, and also the professional qualifications to practise law as a solicitor. (In the UK, Law is an undergraduate degree followed by a further stage of more practical procedural training to become either a solicitor or a barrister.) I spent about eight years in practice as a family solicitor, which culminated in my co-founding my own specialist family law firm. However, in 2012 I was approached to teach family law at the University of East Anglia, and am now full-time faculty. I do not regret leaving practice, although I sometimes miss being obliquely rude in that way that lawyers can do so well.

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   Sobrecarga laboral sin paga que las mantiene en la pobreza

Foto: Maricruz Montesinos
Por: Angélica Jocelyn Soto Espinosa

Cimacnoticias | México, DF.- 22/07/2014

El trabajo del hogar –tanto el que se realiza por un pago como el que se hace de manera cotidiana sin remuneración alguna– es una forma de violencia poco visibilizada y una pérdida económica y de tiempo para las mujeres, mientras que el Estado mexicano avanza a cuenta gotas para erradicar la desigualdad en el ejercicio de esta labor.
 
Esta fue la conclusión de expertas durante el foro “Día Internacional del Trabajo Doméstico. Hacia un reconocimiento de la economía de cuidado” –efeméride que se conmemoró hoy–, y al que convocó el Instituto de las Mujeres del Distrito Federal.
 
Ximena Andión, directora del Instituto Simone de Beauvoir, y Paz López, asesora técnica en Estadística y Políticas de Igualdad de Género de la oficina de ONU-Mujeres en México, coincidieron en que de no reconocerse las aportaciones económicas del trabajo del hogar, las instituciones y la sociedad no asumirán su responsabilidad para terminar con la desigualdad.
 
Detallaron que las mexicanas destinan 48 horas a la semana para el trabajo no remunerado en los hogares –lo que genera el 21 por ciento del Producto Interno Bruto (PIB)–, mientras que los varones sólo destinan 16 horas para esta tarea.

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