Womens Justice Center

News Round-up ~ Resumen de noticias


“Los reformatorios de mujeres fueron cárceles ocultas y legales en manos de religiosas"


Madrid, 12 ene. 15. AmecoPress/Grupotortuga.- La escritora catalana Consuelo García del Cid publica ‘Las desterradas hijas de Eva’, una obra en la que la narra el cruel destierro que sufrieron muchas menores consideradas “caídas o en riesgo de caer” durante el franquismo y la transición.

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Para muchas españolas, la democracia llegó más tarde. Sus tiempos de libertad no coincidieron con la del resto de la sociedad española, que veía cómo se liberaban de los restos de una cruel y trasnochada dictadura, mientras ellas eran sometidas a torturas, degradaciones inhumanas, venta de sus hijos e hijas por ordenes religiosas y a soportar las últimas inercias de una sociedad sin libertades. Han tenido que pasar muchos años, demasiados, para rescatar ahora del olvido la historia de aquellas mujeres que, a pesar de una flamante constitución democrática, tuvieron que tragarse humillaciones, miedos y una asfixiante represión que hoy resulta inconcebible.



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Revenge can masquerade as justice, but it frequently
ends up perverting it.
The terms revenge and justice often get muddled. And that’s hardly
surprising, for in the course of history, they’ve frequently been
used interchangeably. You may even be familiar with the phrase
“just revenge.” Still, as meanings alter and evolve over time,
the connotations of these two words have increasingly diverged.
It’s now uncommon to see them used synonymously. And
doubtless, revenge has borne the brunt of
the various semantic changes that have transpired.
Yet certain overlaps between—and ambiguities within—the
two terms do exist.


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Yemen, United Arab Emirates and France / 2014 / Arabic dialogue with English subtitles / Colour / DCP / 96 minutes

Genre: Drama
Programme: Muhr Feature
Premiere: World Premiere
Rating: PG
Contains: Requires Parental Guidance
Ten-year-old Nojoom was forced to marry a 30-year-old man. The dowry offered the family a small income and 'one less mouth to feed'. Nojoom discovers that her life will take a turn for the worse. Her husband is indifferent to her age. Every day after she is wedded, the child works under harsh conditions and every night, the child-bride is raped by a man 20 years older than her. A legitimate and acceptable arrangement for all, except for Nojoom.

Director : Khadija Al-Salami
Producer : Sheikha Prohaska-Alatas
Screenplay : Khadija Al-Salami
Cinematographer : Victor Credi
Editor : Alexis Lardilleux
Composer : Thierry David
Cast : Reham Mohammed, Adnan Alkhader, Sawadi Alkainai, Ibrahim Alashmori, Munirah Alatas



Why Yemen Is Incapable Of Banning Child Marriage and Rape

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Según datos del Ministerio Público (MP) recabados a nivel nacional, desde 2013 hasta la fecha han muerto de manera violenta 1 mil 819 mujeres, entre niñas, adolescentes y adultas.

La vocera el MP, Julia Barrera, informó que en 2013 fueron asesinadas 895 mujeres, y el año pasado fueron 846. Asimismo, indicó que en lo que va del año han muerto de manera violenta 78 féminas.

En cuanto a las zonas de la capital donde más asesinatos se registran, sin distinción de hombres y mujeres, indicó que son la 1, 6, 11 y 18.


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“Abortion is illegal almost everywhere in Latin America; in seven countries it is outlawed even in cases where the mother could die from continuing the pregnancy. Yet the region has the highest rate of unsafe abortion in the world. The World Health Organization estimates that about 4.2 million unsafe abortions are carried out each year in Latin America, or about 31 for every 1,000 women. These abortions are a leading cause of maternal death in the region, accounting for at least 12 percent of an estimated 10,000 maternal deaths annually.”

As the country grows increasingly religious, strict abortion laws are forcing women to turn to risky, often deadly options to end their pregnancies.

By Miriam Wells – February 18, 2015

Rio De Janeiro, Brazil— As Mariana stepped out of the car, her boyfriend Rafael knew he might never see her again. It was a sunny summer’s morning two years ago in Rio de Janeiro, and the young couple had pulled up outside a small house in a residential northern suburb. The address had been given to them a few days earlier over the telephone by a man who did not identify himself. He told them this address was a place where they could get a certain criminal service: abortion.

Mariana, then 23, was 10 weeks pregnant and desperate. She and Rafael, her boyfriend of six months, were students and had no way to financially support a baby. Making matters worse, Mariana came from a strict evangelical Christian family. “I hadn’t dared buy contraception because if my family found it they would know I was having sex,” she said. “If they found out I was pregnant they would have forced us to get married and would have been angry forever.”

On the day of Mariana’s abortion, Rafael handed over a bag containing 1,600 reais, about $575, to a group of men who approached their car. Then they ordered him to leave. “They would not give us any information about how the procedure would be done or who would perform it,” he said.

“I knew she might die or end up with terrible complications. But that was the choice we had.”

Rafael was right to be scared. Hundreds of thousands of women are hospitalized each year following complications from illegal abortions in Brazil, where legal terminations are allowed only in very limited circumstances. Scores of them die.

For decades, Brazilian authorities tolerated underground clinics, but in recent years there has been a major crackdown, coinciding with an increasingly hard-line religious Congress. The result is that far more dangerous procedures are carried out by far more unscrupulous people, according to women’s health experts. “There is nowhere to get a safe abortion,” said Beatriz Galli, policy advisor to the international women’s rights NGO Ipas, and one of Brazil’s leading reproductive rights campaigners. “Closing down clinics is providing even more opportunities for criminal gangs to cash in on a lucrative trade. The situation is extremely bleak.”

The issue was brought sharply into focus last year by the horrific deaths of two women who had undergone procedures at clandestine abortion clinics in suburban Rio, like the one where Mariana was treated.



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In India -- as in many places around the world -- women who experience race and sexual violence are too often stigmatized and unjustly shamed. But against that alarming backdrop, an unlikely new superhero has emerged. 
Priya, star of the new online comic Priya's Shaktiis a rape survivor and a warrior against gender-based sexual violence. The tiger-taming mortal, backed by the goddess Parvati, combats fear and stigma to spread her message of empathy and empowerment.
For insight on the context and Priya's change-making potential, guest host Rachel Giese checks in with Ram Devineni. The filmmaker and comic co-creator explains how Priya's story can help challenge misogynistic narratives in India and around the world.

Click here or on the listen button above to hear the full segment (audio runs 0:16:31),

and read the first issue of Priya's Shakti below.



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Thousands of women’s rights activists have taken to the streets in cities across Turkey after a woman was allegedly killed for resisting an attempt to rape her.

The burnt body of Ozgecan Aslan, 20, was found in a riverbed in the city of Mersin in the south of the country on Friday.



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Según el estudio ‘Jóvenes y género. El estado de la cuestión’


Madrid, 12 febrero. 15. AmecoPress. Aunque España es sin duda el país europeo en el que mayores avances hacia la igualdad de género se han dado en las últimas décadas, siguen persistiendo entre la adolescencia y juventud española elementos claros de inequidad y de desequilibrio en las relaciones intergénero. Fundamentalmente en el ámbito laboral, en el reparto de las tareas domésticas o cuidados y en la persistencia de estereotipos sexistas.




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Human Trafficking Task Force Strategy e-Guide: Strengthening Collaborative Responses

Format: Web Page/Site
Document URL: SEE e-GUIDE HERE  
Annotation: Developed in partnership by the U.S. Department of Justice, Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) and Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), this guide is a resource to support established task forces and provide guidance to agencies that are forming task forces.
Abstract: This online guide is a resource designed to support established task forces and provides guidance to agencies that are forming task forces. Its purpose is to assist in the development and day-to-day operations of an anti-human trafficking task force and to provide fundamental guidance for effective task force operations. The multidisciplinary task force response model (i.e., of agencies from various disciplines working together) is encouraged by the U.S. Department of Justice, and is considered worldwide as a “best practice” in the response to human trafficking. The content has been carefully screened and evaluated by anti-human trafficking victim service providers, law enforcement officials and prosecutors. It is a living document; as new practices and resources that have proven helpful to these Task Forces become available, OVC’s Training and Technical Assistance Center will incorporate them to enhance the effectiveness of this Guide.


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El pasado 28 de enero, en un juicio Oral y Público en la Corte Suprema de Justicia, con una resolución que denota el poder del hombre contra la mujer, imponiendo un bozal a la libertad de expresión, y expuesta a la total indefensión, Lanza fue declarada culpable,  por el delito de injurias constitutivas de difamación en perjuicio de Juan Carlos Reyes Flores. Gladys Lanza Ochoa, es una histórica Defensora de Derechos Humanos en Honduras, que desde 2011 dio acompañamiento a Lesbia Pacheco, quien denunció acoso laboral y sexual de parte de su jefe, Juan Carlos Reyes, entonces director de la Fundación para el Desarrollo de la Vivienda Social, Urbana y Rural, FUNDEVI.

Actúa ahora! en la página de Front Line Defenders.



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Gladys Lanza OchoaGladys Lanza Ochoa

Human rights defender Ms Gladys Lanza Ochoa will be sentenced on 25 February 2015 following her conviction on 28 January 2015 on charges of defamation and slander against the Executive Director of the Fundación para el Desarrollo de la Vivienda Social, Urbana y Rural – FUNDEVI (Foundation for Development of Urban and Rural Social Housing).

Gladys Lanza Ochoa is Coordinator of the Movimiento de Mujeres por la Paz Visitación Padilla (Honduran Women's Committee for Peace "Visitación Padilla"), a collective of women human rights defenders from across Honduras who work on issues such as gender violence and women's participation in public life, in addition to advocating for democracy and human rights in Honduras.

Under Honduran law the human rights defender faces a possible sentence of between one year and 4 months and two years and 8 months' imprisonment. The charges against Gladys Lanza Ochoa relate to her public advocacy in support of a former employee of FUNDEVI who claimed in 2011 to have been made redundant after being subjected to an extended period of sexual harassment by the Executive Director of the company. Visitación Padilla organised a peaceful demonstration outside the FUNDEVI offices, posted placards and issued press releases in relation to the case and the alleged victim was successful at first instance in her case claiming sexual harassment, but the ruling was overturned upon appeal.



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Montón denuncia que “se rompe el acuerdo de tolerancia cero con el maltratador que parecía estar asentado en la sociedad española”

Madrid, 10 febrero. 15. AmecoPress. PSOE y colectivos feministas han dado un rotundo no a la custodia compartida impuesta que se contempla en el borrador que maneja el Gobierno del PP. Este ha sido el fruto de la reunión mantenida en Ferraz entre Carmen Montón, secretaria de Igualdad, y una veintena de asociaciones de mujeres, a la que también asistieron representantes del PSOE en el Congreso y en el Senado.

Las personas asistentes coincidieron en la necesidad de evitar que llegue al Parlamento una ley que abre la puerta a la custodia de los maltratadores. Un proyecto, además, “que rompe el acuerdo de tolerancia cero con el maltratador que parecía estar asentado en la sociedad española”, ha subrayado Carmen Montón, que ha insistido en que “un maltratador no es un buen padre” y ha recordado que el Grupo Socialista ha solicitado la comparecencia del ministro de Justicia.



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Title: National Profile of Children Exposed to Family Violence: Police Response, Family Response, and Individual Impact

David Finkelhor ; Heather Turner

Document   URL: SEE PDF HERE  
Annotation: The National Profile of Children Exposed to Family Violence: Police Response, Family Response and Individual Impact study provides the first nationally representative data on youth contact with law enforcement and victim services for cases of family violence involving exposure to children.
Abstract: The National Profile of Children Exposed to Family Violence: Police Response, Family Response and Individual Impact study provides the first nationally representative data on youth contact with law enforcement and victim services – including best practices and help-seeking obstacles – for cases of family violence involving exposure to children. These data come from a nationally representative sample of 517 family violence incidents drawn from the 4,503 respondents to the Second National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV II). The NatSCEV study, conducted in 2011, involved telephone interviews with parents of children age 0-9 and with youths age 10-17. Between 13%-58% of law enforcement contacts, and between 34%-97% of advocate contacts, following domestic violence incidents involving a child witness included actions from one or more of 10 best practices. Most law enforcement best practices were associated with increased likelihood of arrest. Almost half of children witnessed an arrest when one occurred, though only 1 in 4 youth were spoken to by police responding to the scene. Youth exposed to domestic violence, as a group, have higher rates of other victimizations and adversities. Although this group reports elevated trauma symptoms, the characteristics of a specific domestic violence incident and the response to that incident by police were generally unrelated to youth's current trauma symptoms after controlling for history of victimization and other adversities. However, child current trauma symptoms were lowest when perpetrators left the house after the incident, followed by when no one moved out, and were highest when the victim moved out. Child witnesses to family violence are a highly victimized group, and it is recommended that they systematically receive assessment and services when any member of their family enters the system due to family violence.


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Evaluation of Services for Domestic Minor Victims of Human Trafficking

Author: Deborah Gibbs ; Jennifer L. Hardison Walters ; Alexandra Lutnick ; Shari Miller ; Marianne Kluckman
Document URL: 


Publication Date: August 2014

This document is a research report submitted to the U.S. Department of Justice.

Annotation: This evaluation examined three programs funded by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) that identify and provide services to victims of sex and labor trafficking of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents under the age of 18.
Abstract: The evaluation was funded by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) National Institute of Justice (NIJ) with the primary goals of documenting program implementation of the three Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) funded programs, identify promising practices for service delivery programs, and informing delivery of current and future efforts to serve victims of sex and labor trafficking of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents under the age of 18. Specifically, the evaluation described young people served by these programs, their service needs, the services delivered by the programs, the experiences of young people serviced and the staff of the programs, and the programs’ efforts to strengthen community response to trafficked youth. The three OVC funded programs examined were: 1) the Standing Against Global Exploitation Everywhere (SAGE) Project, located in San Francisco and serving adults and youth affected by sexual exploitation through life skills programs, advocacy, counseling and case management for girls, including those in the juvenile justices system; 2) the Salvation Army Trafficking Outreach Program and Intervention Techniques (STOP-IT) program, located in Chicago and serving foreign trafficking victims and domestic youth engaged in the sex trade; and 3) the Streetwork Project at Safe Horizon, located in New York City and serving homeless and street-involved youth with drop in centers, a residential program, counseling, health care, legal advocacy and other services. The three programs collectively served 201 young people during the study period (January 2011 through June 2013). Young people served by the programs ranged in age from 12 to 18, with a median age of 17. The largest race/ethnicity group was African American, with sizeable numbers of whites and Hispanics. Three-quarters of young people served were female although all programs served male, female, and transgender young people.


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Campaigners call for action to deal with ‘state of emergency’ as figures show more than 500,000 US women are living with consequences

campaigner Jaha Dukureh in front of a huge wording 'Girl' at a summit in London
 Jaha Dukureh, a campaigner from Atlanta in the US, successfully called for a new prevalance study to be carried out. Photograph: Christian Sinibaldi for the Guardian
The number of women and girls dealing with the consequences of female genital mutilation in the US is more than three times greater than previously thought, the Guardian can reveal.
Figures showing that more than 500,000 women in the US are estimated to be suffering as a consequence of the practice have revealed the extent of FGM cases in the country.
Campaigners are now calling for immediate action to deal with the “state of emergency” for all girls at risk of FGM. The practice can cause recurrent infections, death during childbirth and elimination of sexual pleasure.
Unpublished draft figures from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, seen by the Guardian, show that since the last prevalence study was done in 1997 the number of women and girls living with FGM in the US has increased from an estimated 168,000 to 513,000.
New figures from the Population Reference Bureau,due to be released on Friday – International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (an annual awareness day sponsored by the UN) – are expected to reflect the draft CDC study, due to be published in the coming months.

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By in IntLawGrrls

The sense of emergency one feels after spending a week in prison surrounded by young children and their mothers cannot be overstated. Although it was in November that I spent a week lawyering in a family detention center, the urgency stemming from the violations of international law perpetrated by the U.S. there remains acute. The Artesia Family Residential Center closed on December 15, 2014, but the U.S. continues to expand its practice of detaining families – a practice that presents at least three interwoven sets of legal problems under international law.

.......Although there are numerous violations of international law I could discuss here — including the multiple ways in which detention in and of itself can constitute a violation of international refugee and human rights law — I’ll focus on the U.S.’s international law obligations regarding first, treatment of refugees; second, the protection of children’s rights; and third, adherence to protections of due process through access to legal counsel.



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Escucha el programa de 10 min:

Al igual que en México, confieza Okun, “muchos hombres nos sentíamos confundidos por el cambio que veíamos en la conciencia de las  mujeres” Algunos de esos hombres que fueron cuestionados sobre sus privilegios,  decidieron entonces hablar con ellas y escucharlas.

“Uno puede cuestionar la violencia de los hombres, pero también apoyarlos como parte de las dos alas de un ave que busca la paz”

Esta frase pertenece a Rob Okun, un hombre sereno y de mirada transparente que cree en la transformación social de la masculinidad. Él fue director ejecutivo del Centro de Recursos de Hombres por el Cambio, uno de los centros más antiguos de  hombres antiviolencia contra las mujeres en América del Norte y facilitador en grupos de maltratadores. Actualmente es editor de la revista Voice Male -voz de los hombres- cuyo número 64 fue editado en el marco del Segundo Simposio Global MenEngage –Hombres Involucrados- que se realizó en Nueva Delhi, India,  en en noviembre de 2014.

Rob conoció el trabajo de Cómplices por la Equidad en ese Simposio de Nueva Delhí  y cuando regresó al continente Americano pasó por la ciudad de México para asistir a la reunión que Cómplicesrealiza en las instalaciones de Radio Educación cada dos meses.



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Kali Nicole Gross Headshot


Most activists and progressives immediately assume the crouching tiger stance when someone questions why black people are not organizing in mass about homicidal violence in black communities. Often--and usually rightly--we regard this question as a tactic used to shift attention away from calls for accountability and justice for anti-black police brutality. Typically, the questioner's goal is to suggest black people have a pathological tendency toward violence and that this is what black people need to address rather than state sanctioned anti-black violence. They also believe this is why police murder black people.

Of course, none of this is true, but there are issues within our communities that need to be addressed. When we shy away from examining intraracial violence, we ignore its gendered dynamics leaving black women and girls, both cis and trans gender, in a particularly perilous situation.



Reproductive Justice Matters

Monica Raye Simpson Headshot

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En promedio 21 adolescentes de Argentina son víctimas de femicidos cada año, un fenómeno que crece y se vincula con la violencia en los noviazgos y de parejas o exparejas. Crédito: Juan Moseinco/IPS.

BUENOS AIRES, 26 ene 2015 (IPS) - La amplia repercusión mediática del asesinato de  una estudiante argentina, en el vecino Uruguay, puso en relieve un tipo de violencia casi no registrada como causa de muerte de adolescentes en el país: el femicidio.

En la mayoría de los países latinoamericanos, la falta de sistematización de datos oficiales sobre femicidios o feminicidios  –los vocablos que tipifican los asesinatos de mujeres por razones de género- dificulta la identificación de las víctimas por edad.

Pero en el caso de Argentina, algunos informes independientes, como el de la no gubernamental La Casa del Encuentro, comienzan a visibilizar un dato generacional: no solo se matan más  mujeres por razones de género, sino que también aumentan las víctimas de menos de 18 años.

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PARIS (AP) — Dominique Strauss-Kahn appeared in court Monday to face accusations of taking part in an international prostitution ring set up to provide him with prostitutes for orgies at luxury hotels in France and the U.S.

The former head of the International Monetary Fund, once considered a near shoe-in as France's president, went on trial in the northern city of Lille to face charges of aggravated pimping and involvement in a prostitution ring operating out of luxury hotels.

........Investigators have compiled hundreds of pages of testimony from prostitutes describing the orgies allegedly organized by the 65-year-old Strauss-Kahn and his co-defendants, centered on the Carlton Hotel in Lille, near the Belgian border. Strauss-Kahn says he took part in "libertine" activities but insists he never knew the women involved were prostitutes.

.........In 2011, Strauss-Kahn was accused of sexually assaulting Guinean-born maid Nafissatou Diallo in New York, accusations that ended his high-flying finance career.
.....Prostitutes questioned in the (current) case said that between 2009 and 2011 — precisely when the world's leaders were looking to the IMF chief for a way out of the global financial crisis — Strauss-Kahn was organizing orgies at luxury hotels in Paris, at a restaurant in the French capital and also in Washington.

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Over the past several years, there have been increasing levels of threats and intimidation aimed at doctors who provide abortion services, according to a new survey of abortion clinic violence published by the Feminist Majority Foundation. Some of the tactics mirror the harassment that doctors faced in the 1990s before becoming the victims of violent and even fatal crimes.

The National Clinic Violence Survey is the first comprehensive nationwide review of the atmosphere at women’s health clinics since 2010. Nearly 250 abortion providers across the country responded to the questionnaire with information about how anti-abortion harassment affects their patients and staff.

“The most stunning result in the survey, really, is this surge in serious threats that are being carried out against providers nationwide,” duVergne Gaines, the director of the National Clinic Access Project and one of the authors of the report, told ThinkProgress. “Those threats have almost doubled since 2010.”

abortion doctor intimidation chart

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Según un informe sobre la percepción social de la violencia de género en la adolescencia y la juventud
Federación Mujeres Jóvenes alerta sobre la “normalización” del uso de mecanismos de control a través de las nuevas tecnologías
Madrid, 29 ene. 15. AmecoPress. Uno de cada tres jóvenes considera "inevitable o aceptable" en algunas circunstancias controlar los horarios de la pareja, impedir que vea a su familia o amistades, no permitir que trabaje o estudie o decirle cosas que puede o no puede hacer. Son datos del informe "Percepción social de la violencia de género en la adolescencia y la juventud", presentado por la secretaria de Estado de Servicios Sociales e Igualdad, Susana Camarero, la delegada del Gobierno para la Violencia de Género, Blanca Hernández, y la socióloga Verónica de Miguel. La encuesta de Igualdad se hizo a 2.500 jóvenes de entre 15 y 29 años.


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