Womens Justice Center




















News Round-up ~ Resumen de noticias


 

Socorristas En Red - Socorro Rosa: A Feminist Practice For The Right To Choose In Argentina

FRIDAY FILE - Abortion is illegal in Argentina, with three exceptions: when the pregnancy was the result of a rape or abuse against a woman with a mental disability and when the pregnant woman’s life or health are at risk. However, even these cases often end up before the Courts and women continue to undergo surgical clandestine abortions that put their lives at risk. AWID (Association for Women's Rights in Development) talked to feminist activist Dahiana Belfiori[1] about the feminist collective that is implementing safe accompaniment for women opting for medical abortion.

SEE INTERVIEW

 

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This report describes what comprises a lethality assessment program (LAP), the goals of the program and how it works. It discusses the experiences of states and localities that have lethality assessment programs in operation, and in particular, what it takes to prepare for implementation of such a program. The report also lists some of the ways that implementation of a lethality assessment program would benefit Virginia as well as some of the costs that such an effort would incur. Finally, it discusses the recommended first steps to implementing a lethality assessment program within existing or with minimal resources. 
 
Review mandate: Item 393 #4c of the 2013 Budget Bill directed DCJS to “review the experience of other states in establishing lethality assessment programs to train law enforcement officers in responding to 
situations involving domestic violence and potential deadly threats. The review shall include an assessment of the costs and benefits of establishing a program in Virginia and potential first 
steps which could be taken by the department within existing resources. Copies of the review shall be provided to the Secretary of Public Safety and the Chairmen of the Senate Finance and 
House Appropriations Committees by October 1, 2013.” 
 
 

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Julio T, un adolescente de 15 años, vende bisutería artesanal en el barrio carioca de Copacabana, cerca de la FIFA Fan Fest. Las ventas, según él, son muy buenas durante el Mundial de fútbol porque hay muchos turistas. Crédito: Fabíola Ortiz/IPS

RÍO DE JANEIRO, 23 jun 2014 (IPS) - La Copa Mundial de la FIFA que se desarrolla en Brasil ha puesto en alerta a las organizaciones que luchan contra la explotación de niños, niñas y adolescentes, durante un acontecimiento que ha atraído a 3,7 millones de turistas a las 12 ciudades sede.

Además de divisas, oportunidades de negocios y trabajo, el Mundial de fútbol también eleva los riesgos de explotación laboral y sexual de menores de 16 años, según plantean organizaciones sociales y el Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para la Infancia (Unicef).

“No tenemos números para medir la intensidad del problema, pero el Mundial reúne factores para que los casos de explotación aumenten”, entre niños, niñas y adolescentes, dijo a IPS la coordinadora de Childhood Brasil, Flora Werneck.

La oleada de turistas desde el 12 de junio y hasta el 13 de julio, en las ciudades donde se juegan los partidos de la Copa de la FIFA (Federación Internacional de Fútbol Asociado), multiplica la demanda temporal de servicios y aumenta el trabajo infantil y la vulnerabilidad de los derechos de los niños y niñas, aseguró la especialista.

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The goal of this Technical Assistance Guidance is to provide information for both victim advocates working in shelter and birth doulas on the impact of trauma in pregnancy and childbirth, and to outline how a partnership between these two communities may be of benefit to pregnant survivors of domestic violence. 

Pregnant women’s experiences and needs for emotional support, physical well-being, access to healthcare and other community-based services are significantly different from women who are not pregnant. For pregnant women also dealing with past or current domestic violence and currently residing in a domestic violence shelter or safe house, the multitude of experiences and needs may be even greater. The goal of this Technical Assistance Guidance is to provide information for both victim advocates working in shelter and birth doulas on the impact of trauma in pregnancy and childbirth, and to outline how a partnership between these two communities may be of benefit to pregnant survivors of domestic violence. A listing of educational resources, model programs, handouts and links to online networks to learn more about supporting pregnant survivors of abuse are included.

SEE GUIDE PDF

 

 

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Domestic Violence and Two-Parent Households

AFTER spending two years studying services for domestic violence survivors, I was surprised to realize that one of the most common barriers to women’s safety was something I had never considered before: the high value our culture places on two-parent families.
 
I began my research in 2011, the year the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that more than one-third of American women are assaulted by an intimate partner during their lives. I talked to women in communities that ranged from a small rural mining town to a large global city, in police stations, criminal courts, emergency shelters, job placement centers and custody proceedings. I found that almost all of the women with children I interviewed had maintained contact with their abusers. Why?
 
Many had internalized a public narrative that equated marriage with success. Women experiencing domestic abuse are told by our culture that being a good mother means marrying the father of her children and supporting a relationship between them. According to a 2010 Pew report, 69 percent of Americans say single mothers without male partners to help raise their children are bad for society, and 61 percent agree that a child needs a mother and a father to grow up happily.
 

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 Conference agendas are about the last places you'd think of to keep yourself up to date. But the agend of the International Conference on Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence, and Campus Responses, is an exception. The wide range of topics and meaty summaries of each make for a great overview of who's doing what to end violence against women, even if you can't attend the conference yourself. Their 2015 conference agenda is just out and linked here for your perusal.

Just a small sample:

  • Getting the Right One:  A Serial Abuser is Convicted of Murder
  • U of Rights:  Advocacy and Legal Support for College Campus Survivors
  • A Victim-Focused Response:  Fielding and Enhancing the Military System
  • Leading the Way Toward a Start by Believing Nation:  Why We Need a Public Awareness Campaign
  • Civil Legal Remedies for Sexual Assault Victims
  • Going Down?  Understanding the Effects of Pornography
  • Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Exams:  What We Know About Payment of Exams and Kit Processing
  • Partnering for the Safety and Well-Being of Children in Domestic Violence Cases
  • Sexual Assault on College Campuses:  Best Practice Recommendations to Meet the Needs of Victims  
  • Alcohol Facilitated Sexual Assault
  • Sexual Predators:  What We Don't Know - We REALLY DON'T KNOW
  • Contesting the "He Said, She Said" Defense
... and many, many others!

view agenda button

 

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On the morning of March 20, Shanesha Taylor had a job interview. It was for a good job, one that could support her three children, unlike the many positions she’d applied for that paid only $10 an hour. The interview, at an insurance agency in Scottsdale, Ariz., went well. “Walking out of the office, you know that little skip thing people do?” she said, clicking her heels together in a corny expression of glee. “I wanted to do that.”

 
But as she left the building and walked through the parking lot, she saw police officers surrounding her car, its doors flung open and a crime-scene van parked nearby. All the triumphant buoyancy of the moment vanished, replaced by a hard, sudden knot of panic. Hours later, Ms. Taylor was posing for a mug shot, her face somber and composed, a rivulet of tears falling from each eye. A subsequent headline in The Huffington Post said it all: “Shanesha Taylor, Homeless Single Mom, Arrested After Leaving Kids in Car While on Job Interview.”
 

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Nicole Goodlett of Spartanburg, SC, missing since March 2014.

Nicole Goodlett of Spartanburg, SC, missing since March 2014.

When nearly 300 Nigerian school girls were kidnapped by the terrorist group Boko Haram and went missing in April, the hashtag #BringBackOurGirls  became a rallying call to draw attention to the crime and to demand action.

Nations, including the United States, sent resources to Africa in hopes of finding those girls while every day, here in America, scores of black people go missing with little or no fanfare or calls to action.

The National Crime Information Center reports that more than 270,000 minorities have been reported missing since 2010. Almost half of that number is made up of African-Americans, and roughly 64,000 are African-American girls and women.

Missing persons activists call upon the media to offer more attention and focus on missing people of color. Dateline NBC’s initiative “Missing in America” recently posted the story behind the disappearance of Nicole Goodlett.

Goodlett was first reported missing by her parents on March 12, 2014.  Goodlett, who is called Alazay or Zay by friends, suffers from depression. Her parents do not believe she has her medication with her and are duly concerned for her safety.

Goodlett is 5’10″ tall, weighs 130 pounds and wears her hair both curly and straight. Investigators believe that Goodlett may be the victim of foul play but cannot give more information about that belief without compromising their investigation.

Jerald Howard, Goodlett’s boyfriend, has been identified as a person of interest in the case. Howard dropped their twin girls at his parents’ home after she went missing and has been back and forth since. No charges against him have been filed, but they would like to speak with him about the case. The twins are now in the Department of Social Services’ custody, while her 5-year-old son is with Goodlett’s parents.

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¿Cuándo fue que elegimos como senador al papa Juan Pablo II? Es que lo escuché hablar claro y fuerte durante la instalación, el pasado 12 de junio, de la nueva Comisión de la Familia y Desarrollo Humano.
 
Cuando leí el discurso pronunciado por el senador panista José María Martínez, presidente de esa comisión, la memoria me trajo la voz de la filósofa española Alicia Miyares, en su conferencia “Los otros poderes en presencia”, durante el Segundo Seminario Igualdad y Democracia, en Monterrey, Nuevo León. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ShvhV1hC4Y8).
 
En su alocución, citó la Exhortación Apostólica Familiaris Consortio (22 de noviembre de 1981) en la que Juan Pablo II se dirigió al Episcopado, al clero y a los fieles, y estableció una serie de lineamientos respecto a “la misión de la familia cristiana en el mundo actual”.
 
Y hasta ahí yo no tendría por qué opinar mayor cosa. Pero, al leerla, me di cuenta que precisamente esa Exhortación da fundamento ideológico a una comisión del Senado que dispondrá de 300 mil pesos mensuales.

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 Americans for Responsible Solutions (ARS), the gun violence prevention organization founded by former Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords and her husband, retired combat veteran and NASA astronaut Captain Mark Kelly, and the National Domestic Violence Hotline today announced a new report and toolkit, “Saving Women’s Lives,” to serve as a resource for state and local leaders to adopt best practices that will help protect women from gun violence.....

The new resource titled “Saving Women’s Lives: Ending Firearms Violence Against Intimate Partners,” provides local leaders – including state courts, prosecutors, law enforcement, and victim advocates – recommendations on best practices that protect victims of abuse from gun violence. It also highlights the importance of strong partnerships between states and the federal government in improving the effectiveness of the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) and enforcement of existing federal gun laws.

Among the best practices, policies and laws recommended in the toolkit:

Ways state courts can improve findings in protection orders that meet requirements of federal firearms laws;

Steps for state and local law enforcement to improve their lethality assessment programs when responding to domestic violence incidents;

State prosecutors should adopt protocols for ensuring that information required to conduct a federal firearms background check is in court records and plea agreements; and,

 

State legislatures can give law enforcement and court officials the tools they need to be most effective.

SEE TOOLKIT HERE

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Dear all:

 

As you may know, Amnesty International is currently discussing, among its Country Sections and within its International Secretariat, whether to adopt an official position calling for the decriminalization, also known as legalization, of the sex industry, including prostitution. Hyperlinked here is CATW's letter to Amnesty urging them to abide by the principles of human rights and international instruments that protect and promote the fundamental rights of women and other individuals bought, sold and exploited in the commercial sex trade.  If you are a member of Amnesty, you can also send them a letter to express your concerns on this issue.

 

Thank you and please let us know if you have any questions.

  

CATW International Team
 
 
About the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women:
 

CATW is a non-governmental organization that works to end human trafficking and the commercial sexual exploitation of women and children worldwide. CATW is the world’s first organization to fight human trafficking internationally and is the world’s leading abolitionist organization. A unique strength of CATW is that we engage in advocacy, education, victim services and prevention programs for victims of trafficking and prostitution in Asia, Africa, Latin America, Europe, and North America, including in the United States.

Since 1988, CATW has provided widely recognized leadership on local, national, regional, and international levels, in promoting legislative, policy and educational measures to raise awareness about the root causes of human trafficking. CATW holds Special Status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and was a key consultant at the UN Transnational Organized Crime Meeting from 1999-2000 the outcome of which is the Palermo Protocol, the world’s most recognized legal instrument on human trafficking.

CATW website: http://www.catwinternational.org/

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   Es su obligación garantizar igualdad: Alda Facio
México ha sido incapaz de eliminar discriminación de género

Alda Facio, jurista feminista y experta en temas de género, sostuvo que en México no hay igualdad porque desde el Estado no se han erradicado todas las formas de discriminación contra las mujeres.

De acuerdo con la especialista, no basta con declarar la igualdad entre los sexos en la legislación sino que es indispensable que se eliminen todas las formas de discriminación contra las mujeres a través de la acción de Estado.

Esa argumentación también es la premisa de su nuevo libro “La responsabilidad estatal frente al Derecho Humano a la igualdad”, presentado hoy en la Comisión de Derechos Humanos del Distrito Federal (CDHDF).

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Excerpt: The reality is the criminal justice system often decides against prosecuting cases of acquaintance rape and date rape. Once a case reaches prosecutors, there's no guarantee of a conviction, let alone a trial or full prosecution. An analysis of the National Violence Against Women Survey by the group End Violence Against Women International concluded that roughly 5 percent of rapes are ever prosecuted. (The analysis sought to account for the underreporting of sexual assault, which resulted in numbers lower than the DOJ's estimates.)

Conviction rates present a "perverse incentive" for prosecutors to pursue only the strongest cases that offer the highest probability that a DA can win the case, said the study's authors, Kimberly A. Lonsway and Joanne Archambault.

"A lot of the early civil rights cases, they weren't pursued because they weren't going to win," said Lonsway, research director at End Violence Against Women International, who frequently trains law enforcement on sexual assault investigations. "We have to take the hard ones to make change."

SEE ARTICLE

SEE ALSO: California Proposed Legislation: AB 1433 (Campus Assault Reporting w/Dignity) Requires any report of a Part 1 violent crime (willful homicide, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault), sexual assault or hate crime received by a college campus law enforcement agency to be immediately disclosed to the appropriate police or sheriff’s department.  If the victim of the crime does not wish to involve local law enforcement, they may opt to have their name redacted from the report.

AND - Open Letter Re: District Attorney Obligations and Accountability to Victims of Violence  Against Women

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New photos released by Rep. Henry Cuellar's (D-Texas) office depict the unsanitary and cramped living conditions that undocumented immigrants, many of whom are unaccompanied children, are experiencing in a detention center near the U.S.-Mexico border.

The photos were first published by the Houston Chronicle. Cuellar’s office declined Monday to tell Business Insider who took the photos and where exactly they were taken.

President Barack Obama has previously called the buildup of unaccompanied minors at temporary border facilities an "urgent humanitarian situation," and the government has directed considerable resources to housing and caring for the children. Customs and Border Protection, which is part of the Department of Homeland Security, is supposed to turn over minors to the Department of Health and Human Services within three days, but many children are remaining in detention facilities for longer periods due to the massive influx.  

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The village of rape survivor Angeline Mwarusena continues to be threatened by militia. Credit: Einberger/argum/EED/IPS

The village of rape survivor Angeline Mwarusena continues to be threatened by militia. Credit: Einberger/argum/EED/IPS

UNITED NATIONS, Jun 12 2014 (IPS) - When sexual violence – whether against men, women or children – takes place in United Nations peacekeeping missions worldwide, the world body has been quick to single out the perpetrators and expel them back to their home countries.

But the U.N. has little or no authority to prosecute offenders, mete out justice or ensure adequate compensation to victims.

The 193 member states, which provide thousands of troops for peacekeeping missions largely in Asia, Africa, and Latin America and the Caribbean, are beyond the reach of the long arm of the law.

But at a summit meeting in London this week, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon released a set of guidelines titled ‘Reparations for Conflict-Related Sexual Violence.’

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A UNIFIED NATIONAL VOICE

The IPV Prevention Council represents a unified national effort committed to

enhancing the capacity of state/territory domestic violence coalitions and

community-based domestic violence programs to advance a comprehensive

national prevention agenda and broaden support for its full implementation

at the national, state, territory and local levels.

 

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by Hope Wabuke aslan and mommy at the beach edited

This past February, when President Obama announced his first initiative to address the historical and current effects of racism in the United States, many applauded the effort as a long overdue step in the right direction. However, the program, called My Brother’s Keeper, focuses only on boys and young men of color, ignoring one half of the population.

Said the president,

By focusing on the critical challenges, risk factors and opportunities for boys and young men of color at key life stages, we can improve their long-term outcomes and ability to contribute to the nation’s competitiveness, economic mobility and growth, and civil society. Unlocking their full potential will benefit not only them, but all Americans.

While the drive to benefit the lives of young men of color is wonderful, one wonders why women are again left out of the equation. The advancement of women of color is equally as important as the advancement of young men of color, and must be addressed. This is the main point of an informal coalition of 200 concerned Black men that has formed to forward the interests of their sisters of color. They have begun by writing an open letter to the President.

We always say that gender equality will only fully exist when that other 50 percent of the population—men—become feminists. And so, this moment, when these Black men are stepping up to be feminists and support women’s rights in a way that has never before been seen in the civil rights struggle, is groundbreaking.

Among these 200 Black men are actor/producer Danny Glover, filmmaker Byron Hurt, writer/professor at Vassar Kiese Laymon and 197 other Black men from all walks of life and professions. They share the concern that a mission that Black women will not be left out of the civil rights agenda as has happened in a multitude of social justice initiatives not just in the United States, but around the globe. Ms. sat down with Laymon, one of the key organizers of the coalition, to learn more.

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We recently launched a training module and hosted a webinar to provide guidance on how to successfully investigate sexual assaults against people with disabilities. Yet these are only two of the many resources now available in this area, all of which are offered free of charge:
  • Our newest module in the OnLine Training Institute (OLTI) module is entitled, Successfully Investigating Sexual Assault Against Victims with Disabilities.This free module offers 18 hours of continuing education units for those who are eligible.
  • You can also listen to the archived version of the webinar and obtain a copy of the slides in our webinar archive. A detailed course descriptionprovides more information about the content and speakers for this webinar.
  • Slides from the webinar are available in two formats:1 slide per page for increased visibility or 3 slides per page with room for notes. The webinar transcriptis also available. 

In addition, we compiled responses to the chat questions submitted during the webinar. Participants asked excellent questions about how to determine when people are able to provide informed consent to sexual acts - and when they lack this capacity due to severe cognitive disabilities, mental illness, or incapacitation from drug or alcohol use.

 

Questions addressed the following critical issues:

 

  • Do individuals with severe cognitive disabilities fit in the legal category of those unable to give consent?
  • Can consent be implied for nonverbal individuals? If so, how?
  • What is the legal definition of a caregiver and a dependent adult?
 
These questions are posted in the FAQ's on our website. Responses are provided under the new tabs for Consent and Victims with Disabilities.

 

 
 

 

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By Shawna Wakefield, Senior Gender Justice Lead at Oxfam

“The mission of the [World] Bank depends on moving towards gender equality’
- Jim Kim, Head of the World Bank, launch of Voice and Agency, Washington DC

Recently, the World Bank launched a major new report, Voice and Agency: empowering women and girls for shared prosperity with much fanfare.  Starting with the World Development Report in 2012, the World Bank has used the strength of its data machine to deliver high profile gender research. The Bank may also be taking gender more seriously in their work: including through the 17th replenishment of its lending arm, the IDA, as a cross-cutting solution area in the new structure of the World Bank Group and as a new ‘frontier’ area on violence against women.

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 LA PROCURADORA GENERAL BONAERENSE ORDENO LA ACTUACION DE FISCALES EN LOS CASOS DE AGRESIONES A MUJERES

Hasta ahora, muchas denuncias por amenazas o lesiones leves se archivaban porque se minimizaba el riesgo. 

El protocolo busca no diluir el esfuerzo de investigación, concentrar las denuncias y vincular los casos entre los fueros penales y el de Familia. Se partió de una nota publicada en Página/12. 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 Por Mariana Carbajal

La procuradora general bonaerense, María del Carmen Falbo, dictó un protocolo de actuación para todos los fiscales de la provincia en casos de violencia de género, que busca mejorar la persecución del agresor y la protección de la víctima. Hasta ahora, muchas denuncias por amenazas o lesiones leves se archivaban en el fuero penal sin investigación, porque se minimizaba el riesgo, y en otros casos, cuando una mujer realizaba sucesivas denuncias contra su esposo o ex pareja, se abrían diversas causas que quedaban dispersas en distintas fiscalías, como si se tratara de hechos aislados, sin visualizar el contexto de violencia de género en el que sucedían los hechos. Tampoco existía articulación entre los fueros penales y de Familia, que es el que dispone las medidas cautelares de exclusión del hogar o prohibición de acercamiento. Con la resolución 346/14, Falbo apunta a revertir esa situación, que dejaba muy desprotegidas a las víctimas. Además, la procuradora ordenó a los fiscales generales crear en cada departamento judicial fiscalías especializadas. Un caso testigo, publicado en marzo por Página/12, fue el puntapié para fijar las nuevas pautas para los fiscales.

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August 20th, 2014 to Sept. 17th, 2014

ABOUT THE COURSE: This course will provide a thorough discussion on domestic and global human trafficking from both a social work perspective and a general knowledge based lens. Students will be provided an opportunity to follow the general knowledge track as well as a social work track which will add additional materials focusing on human trafficking from the perspective and expectations of the social work professional. 
 
Students who choose to focus on this course from a general knowledge point of view will be provided with a hefty dose of materials on human trafficking from a non-social work perspective.  As a whole, students will become familiar with the forms, severity, and extent of various forms of trafficking that exist around the globe. Push and pull factors involved in trafficking as they relate to the major legal, political, social and economic factors that contribute to human trafficking will be discussed. Laws, anti-trafficking policies and rescue and restore programs on human trafficking will be highlighted.
 
An exploration of the characteristics and special needs of victims (adults and children), their life experiences, and their trafficking trajectories will be discussed. 

Last, students will acquire introductory knowledge of the role of world citizens, politicians, law enforcement, the judicial systems, social workers, non-governmental organizations (NGO’s), and others in the resolution of human trafficking from a social work and a non-social work social justice perspective.

INSTRUCTOR:

Jacquelyn Meshelemiah, The Ohio State University

Course Syllabus and Sign UP and More Info

Week One: Introduction to Human Trafficking
Week Two: Laws and Policies
Week Three: The Impact on the Victim
Week Four: Interventions - From Victim to Survivor
s
 

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Developed over the last seven years in collaboration with 11 victim service
organizations, the Vera Institute of Justice's Trafficking Victim
Identification Tool has been tested with a diverse sample of potential
victims of trafficking and found reliable in predicting labor and sex
trafficking. The tool is divided into a long and short version, both
statistically reliable.

Vera has also developed a guide to provide users with recommendations on
how to build trust with potential victims, maintain confidentiality, and
use the tool correctly. When properly used, the tool could give victim
service providers, law enforcement and legal, healthcare, and social
service providers with a standard means of identifying victims of human
trafficking.

Read the full report and download the tool here
.

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As colleges go corporate, strategies for dealing with sexual violence focus on risk management, not justice

Avoid mistakes: Congressional investigations bring collateral risks, such as litigation or regulatory risks, public relations risks and reputational harm. Remember: What will play well on TV?

That’s the advice that a top education lobby group presented to colleges and universities on how to respond to a survey that Sen. Claire McCaskill, D-Mo., distributed in April to assess schools’ handling of sexual violence on their campuses. McCaskill, who championed reform of the military’s response to sexual assaults in its ranks, is now tackling campus rape. In addition to the survey, which went out to 350 schools, she has held two congressional round tables to take stock of campus policies. She is expected to introduce legislation on the issue later this month.

The American Council on Education’s (ACE) presentation — which was obtained by McCaskill’s office last week and “troubled” her “extremely” — doles out advice on how to deal with the survey but fails to mention either sexual assault victims’ needs or possible solutions. It exemplifies everything that’s wrong with schools’ responses to one of today’s most significant safety and civil rights challenges.

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SEE ALSO: WJC Recommendation to the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault

 

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The North America MenEngage Network (NAMEN) is a newly formed regional network of organizations and individuals working with men and boys to achieve gender equality, end violence, and promote health for men, women and children in North America. NAMEN is not a formally registered organization, but rather a network of members with a steering committee drawn from the general membership responsible for decision-making, communications, and the management of collective activities.  
 
 
NAMEN is the North American regional member of the Global MenEngage Alliance and has a seat on the Global Executive and Steering Committees.  MenEngage is a global alliance of NGOs and UN agencies that seeks to engage boys and men to achieve gender equality. At the national level, members include more than 400 NGOs from Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, North America, Asia and Europe. The Alliance came together in 2004 with the general goal of working in partnership to promote the engagement of men and boys in achieving gender equality, promoting health and reducing violence at the global level, including questioning the structural barriers to achieving gender equality.

MORE INFO

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In a pole barn in Franklin, sharing space with a motorcycle and a boat, sat an imposing military vehicle designed for battlefields in Iraq or Afghanistan, not the streets of Johnson County.

It is an MRAP — a bulletproof, 55,000-pound, six-wheeled behemoth with heavy armor, a gunner's turret and the word "SHERIFF" emblazoned on its flank — a vehicle whose acronym stands for "mine resistant ambush protected."

"We don't have a lot of mines in Johnson County," confessed Sheriff Doug Cox, who acquired the vehicle. "My job is to make sure my employees go home safe."

Johnson County is one of eight Indiana law enforcement agencies to acquire MRAPs from military surplus since 2010, according to public records obtained by The Indianapolis Star. The vehicles are among a broad array of 4,400 items — everything from coats to computers to high-powered rifles — acquired by police and sheriff's departments across the state.

Law enforcement officials, especially those from agencies with small budgets, say they're turning to military surplus equipment to take advantage of bargains and protect police officers. The MRAP has an added benefit, said Pulaski County Sheriff Michael Gayer, whose department also acquired one: "It's a lot more intimidating than a Dodge."

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SEE ALSO: War Gear Flows to Police Departments

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Title: 

Understanding Influence Across Justice Agencies: The Spread of "Community Reforms" from Law Enforcement to Prosecutor Organizations

FULL TEXT PDF FREE ONLINE HERE

  
Annotation: 

Using data from the 2001 and 2005 waves of the National Prosecutors Survey and the 2000 and 2003 waves of the Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics survey, this study examined whether the innovations of community prosecution and community policing interacted with and supported one another.

Abstract: 

The two innovations of community policing and community prosecution are similar in their core characteristics: greater agency responsiveness to citizen input, a focus on problem-solving that uses an expanded range of options, broader measures of success, and collaborative partnerships with other public and private community organizations. Recognizing that most research has focused on one or the other community-oriented innovations in prosecutor offices and police agencies, the current study examined the interaction of these community-oriented innovations.

The study found very little congruence between police and prosecutors in the adoption of community-oriented reforms. In jurisdictions where police agencies embraced community policing, prosecutors differentially implemented community prosecution. Each of these criminal justice enterprises apparently operates in its own institutional environment, responding to different organizational stimuli and leaders with varying goals, skills, orientation, and motivation.

One key finding of the study, which addressed factors operative in the development of community prosecution, is that community prosecution can be measured by using a model derived from National Prosecutors Survey data. The model includes five elements: using the community to identify crime problems, assigning prosecutors to geographic areas, using tools other than criminal prosecution, establishing relationships with other parties, and holding regular meetings with constituent groups. Another key finding is that four variables emerged as predictors in more than two models: organizational size, functional differentiation, formalization, and prosecutors’ tenure. These factors are examined in terms of their facilitation or subversion of community prosecution. 10 tables, 10 figures, approximately 100 references, and appended supplementary detail of the study

FULL TEXT PDF FREE ONLINE HERE

 

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