Womens Justice Center

News Round-up ~ Resumen de noticias



EXCERPT: The chances of getting shot by a female cop are slim, and it’s not just because there are so few women in police departments. Data show that female cops discharge their firearms at rates far below their male counterparts, face significantly fewer civilian complaints and are less likely than men to resort to unnecessary physical force when arresting someone.

The evidence is not just statistical. As a veteran female officer explained recently, speaking on condition of anonymity to avoid damaging relationships with her colleagues, “I’ve never been in a fight on my own, because I never had to. I’ve only been in fights instigated by my male counterparts.”

Studies also show that female police officers are more inclined to view their job as a public service than men do and are better at communication, de-escalation and trust building — all hallmarks of community policing.

“All the things people are saying they want in their police forces, women are already naturally good at,” said Penny Harrington, a former police chief of Portland, Oregon, and a co-founder of the National Center for Women and Policing (NCWP), in a phone interview this week.

Law enforcement is one of the least gender diverse of any public-sector profession, with male officers accounting for more than 88 percent of the nation’s municipal police forces. Discussions of diversity in policing have focused almost exclusively on hiring more minority officers — which, for all its potential benefits, has been shown to have a negligible impact on levels of excessive force.

If we’re serious about curbing police violence, a good place to start would be to increase the recruitment and promotion of female cops. Unfortunately, the last concerted effort to reduce gender disparities in policing fizzled out in the absence of sustained political pressure.



[printable page]


Un rápido ejercicio revelador sobre la desigualdad en los Estados Unidos y el papel que juega la violencia para mantenerla

Este ejercicio, que dura cinco o diez minutos, puede ser utilizado por grupos de cualquier tamaño para revelar rápidamente las comunes percepciones erróneas
sobre las desigualdades en los Estados Unidos. Le siguen algunas notas para alentar conversaciones acerca de cómo estas desigualdades se relacionan
con la violencia y, en particular, la violencia contra las mujeres.

[printable page]

When member countries of the United Nations agreed to the Millennium Development Goals 15 years ago, advocates for stronger rights for women and girls were disappointed as governments (and the Vatican) balked at reasserting the bold promises of the international conferences of the 1990s in Cairo and in Beijing. Later campaigns, inside and outside the UN, have forced a particular focus on girls because of the persistence of detrimental practices such as forced or early marriage and genital mutilation, often combined with little or no schooling.

As the formal adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals approaches in late September, there is relatively wide, though not universal, agreement that this time more serious commitments could lead to more meaningful action for women. The question is how much the lives of the millions of poorest, most powerless minor-age girls will change.

What comes next for the goals will be a relatively short period beginning in the autumn when national governments and their statistical experts are expected to decide on their respective countries’ development priorities based on national data. Their reports will then go to the United Nations Statistical Commission, which will assign indicators to the 169 targets connected to the 17 goals. No small job. Indicators are measuring instruments for determining progress or lack of it over the next 15 years. When indicators emerge, it will be possible to see how much emphasis and unambiguous wording will be assigned to expanding the rights of women and girls.


[printable page]



(August 2015) "Family planning saves lives" is a simple health prescription that resonates globally. A critical challenge is to ensure that policies and programs embrace the well-established benefits of enabling women to choose whether and when to become pregnant—actions and values that are integral to human rights. Policymakers should be asking, "What do human rights mean in relation to family planning, how do we incorporate them into our country family planning and development plans, and why is that important?"

This brief, drawing from human rights treaties and covenants that have the status of international law, clarifies key human rights principles and outlines policy actions that must be taken to ensure that voluntary family planning programs result in contraceptive use based on full, free, and informed choice. It is also consistent with the rights and empowerment principles of Family Planning 2020 (FP2020), a global partnership that grew out of the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning.

Direct Link to Full 8-Page 2015 Policy Brief: http://www.prb.org/pdf15/family-planning-rights-brief.pdf


[printable page]


Organizadores de la multitudinaria convocatoria aseguraron a LA NACION que sigue sin haber estadísticas oficiales y hay irregularidades en la ley de Protección Integral contra las mujeres; destacan el cambio cultural "reflejado en el aumento de las denuncias"

El 3 de junio de este año, cerca de 300 mil personas en la Plaza Congreso se manifestaron para pedir políticas contra los femicidios. Sin embargo, a tres meses de la marcha "Ni Una Menos", en la Argentina se sigue asesinando a una mujer cada 30 horas. Continúa sin implementarse la ley de protección integral contra las mujeres, no hay un registro de cifras oficiales y el porcentaje del presupuesto asignado a esta temática es insignificante, según denuncian organizaciones sociales.

"Todo es responsabilidad del Estado. Tienen que proteger a las mujeres, no puede dejar que las maten", aseguró a LA NACION Ingrid Beck, una de las organizadoras de la convocatoria.

"El cambio más fuerte fue cultural, que es lo que suponíamos que iba a tardar más tiempo. El problema tiene mayor visibilización. Ya no se habla de violencia doméstica, sino machista. El tema está en la agenda pública", resaltó la periodista de la revista Barcelona.

Por su parte, Ana Correa, otra de las organizadoras de la movilización, resaltó que "hay más concientización y esto se ve reflejado en el aumento de las denuncias por violencia de género".


[printable page]

Melissa Farley - Prostitution Research & Education, San Francisco, California
Jacqueline M. Golding - University of California, San Francisco
Emily Schuckman Matthews - San Diego State University
Neil M. Malamuth - University of California, Los Angeles
Laura Jarrett - Chicago, Illinois
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, online publication August 31, 2015
We investigated attitudes and behaviors associated with prostitution and sexual aggression among 101 men who buy sex and 101 age-, education-, and ethnicity-matched men who did not buy sex. Both groups tended to accept rape myths, be aware of harms of prostitution and trafficking, express ambivalence about the nature of prostitution, and believe that jail time and public exposure are the most effective deterrents to buying sex.
Sex buyers were more likely than men who did not buy sex to report sexual aggression and likelihood to rape. Men who bought sex scored higher on measures of impersonal sex and hostile masculinity and had less empathy for prostituted women, viewing them as intrinsically different from other women. When compared with non-sex-buyers, these sefindings indicate that men who buy sex share certain key characteristics with men at risk for committing sexual aggression as documented by research based on the leading scientific model of the characteristics of non-criminal sexually aggressive men, the Confluence Model of sexual aggression.


[printable page]

Officials say this is a first-in-the-nation team.

NEW YORK, Aug 26 (Reuters) - New York state is launching a specialized police unit to help crack down on sexual assault on college campuses, but some victims' advocates are wary, saying law enforcement has not been effective in tackling the issue in the past.

A law signed by Governor Andrew Cuomo last month allocates $4.5 million for what officials have said is a first-in-the-nation police unit that will train college officials and local police units to respond better to sexual assaults on campus.

The law, which has been touted as the most progressive in the country, also requires all colleges in the state to implement a uniform definition of affirmative consent, distribute a students' bill of rights and adopt a policy that grants victims immunity for drug and alcohol violations.

The U.S. Department of Education is currently investigating 131 schools for violating federal law in their handling of sexual assault allegations, and New York leads the country with 20 schools on that list. Vice President Joe Biden called campus sexual assault an epidemic when the White House launched a task force to address the issue in 2014.


[printable page]

Responding to one of the key demands from AWID’s members and constituencies, we offer this searchable donor list to make it easier for feminist and women’s rights organizations to connect with the right kind of funders. Women’s rights and feminist organizations are sparking powerful changes across the world, yet AWID’s Where is the Money for Women’s Rights (WITM) research consistently shows that women’s rights organizing is significantly underfunded. This tool attempts to bridge the information gap on funding sources and make it easier for women’s rights and feminist organizations to find funders working in their countries, regions, or supporting issues and populations they are working with.

To search for funders, select options in any or all of the dropdown menus. You may only select a country or a region, not both.
This is a dynamic tool that will be updated regularly. If you have feedback, funder information to add or questions on this tool, please contact fundher@awid.org.

[printable page]




Prospective Examination of Whether Childhood Sexual Abuse Predicts Subsequent Sexual Offending

Journal: JAMA Pediatrics  Volume:169  Issue:1  Dated:January 2015

Cathy Spatz Widom ; Christina Massey


Document URL: PDF   
Publication Date: 

January 2015



This study empirically examined the commonly held belief that sexually abused children grow up to become sexual offenders and specialize in sex crimes.



Childhood sexual abuse has been assumed to increase the risk for sexual offending; however, despite methodological limitations of prior research, public policies and clinical practice have been based on this assumption.

The current study found that individuals with histories of childhood abuse and neglect were at increased risk for being arrested for a sex crime compared with control individuals (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 2.17; 95 percent CI, 1.38-3.40), controlling for age, sex, and race/ethnicity. Specifically, individuals with histories of physical abuse (AOR, 2.06; 95 percent CI, 1.02-4.16) and neglect (AOR, 2.21; 95 percent CI, 1.39-3.51) were at significantly increased risk for arrest for sex offenses; whereas, for sexual abuse, the AOR (2.13; 95 percent CI, 0.83-5.47) did not reach significance.

Physically abused and neglected males (not females) were at increased risk and physically abused males also had a higher mean number of sex crime arrests compared with control individuals. The results did not provide support for sex crime specialization.

Thus, the widespread belief that sexually abused children are uniquely at risk to become sex offenders was not supported by prospective empirical evidence. These new findings suggest that early intervention programs should target children with histories of physical abuse and neglect.

They also indicate that existing policies and practices specifically directed at future risk for sex offending for sexually abused children may warrant reevaluation. This prospective cohort study and archival records check included cases and control individuals originally from a metropolitan county in the Midwest. Children with substantiated cases of physical and sexual abuse and neglect (aged 0-11 years) were matched with children without such histories on the basis of age, sex, race/ethnicity, and approximate family social class (908 cases and 667 control individuals). Both groups were followed up into adulthood (mean age, 51 years). The court cases were from 1967 to 1971; the follow-up extended to 2013. Criminal history information was collected from Federal and State law enforcement agency records at three points in time and from State sex offender registries. 


[printable page]



The serial perpetration hypothesis — which suggests that a small number of men perpetrate the vast majority of rapes, and that these men perpetrate multiple rapes over time — has played an important role in the field of rape prevention as a model of sexual violence, especially raising awareness of rapists who have not been identified by the criminal justice system. A 2015 study published in JAMA Pediatrics, A Trajectory Analysis of the Campus Serial Rapist Assumption, raises questions about the serial perpetrator hypothesis.

Although it is clear that a subset of perpetrators do commit multiple acts of rape over time, the research suggests that most perpetrators do not chronically offend over time. Instead, perpetrators are much more heterogeneous in terms of their risk factors, methods of coercion, and pattern of offending over time.


[printable page]


Most take place inside the home and are anything but random.

It felt like a summer of mass shootings.
You probably heard about the killings in Charleston, South Carolina, where a white gunman opened fire inside a historic black church, and the shooting in Lafayette, Louisiana, where a man targeted moviegoers inside a darkened theater. Or the shooting in Chattanooga, Tennessee, where an armed attacker sprayed a military recruitment center with bullets.
Here’s one you may not have heard about.
On Aug. 8, David Conley allegedly broke into his ex-girlfriend Valerie Jackson's house in Houston, Texas, and killed her, her husband and her six children, methodically shooting each one in the head. Jackson had recently dumped Conley and reunited with her husband after Conley allegedly smashed her head into a refrigerator. When she reconciled with her husband, she changed the locks on her house. So Conley climbed in a window.
Although they get the lion’s share of media attention, public mass shootings like the ones in Charleston, Lafayette and Chattanooga aren't representative of the typical mass shooting in the U.S.
Most are like the one Conley allegedly committed. The majority of mass shootings in the U.S. take place in private. They occur in the home, and the victims are predominantly women and children.

[printable page]



10. Recidivism of Juveniles Who Commit Sexual Offenses
 NCJ Number:  248993
 Author:  Christopher Lobanov-Rostovsky
 Publication Date:  07/2015
 Abstract   PDF   Find in a Library
11. Assessment of Risk for Sexual Reoffense in Juveniles Who Commit Sexual Offenses
 NCJ Number:  248994
 Author:  Phil Rich
 Publication Date:  07/2015
 Abstract   PDF   Find in a Library
12. Effectiveness of Treatment for Juveniles Who Sexually Offend
 NCJ Number:  248995
 Author:  Roger Przybylski
 Publication Date:  07/2015
 Abstract   PDF   Find in a Library
13. Registration and Notification for Juveniles Who Commit Sexual Offenses
 NCJ Number:  248996
 Author:  Christopher Lobanov-Rostovsky
 Publication Date:  07/2015
 Abstract   PDF   Find in a Library


[printable page]

[printable page]

The Police Executive Research Forum calls out "missed opportunities" for ratcheting down conflicts.

WASHINGTON -- Many recent controversial police shootings could have been avoided, even though they may have been legally justifiable, according to a report issued by a top law enforcement organization this week.

The Police Executive Research Forum, a research and policy group whose members include commanders from the largest U.S. police departments, said officers generally receive far too little training in de-escalating conflict and often are embedded in a culture that encourages them to rapidly resort to physical force.

Many recent high-profile police shootings have been legally justified, but there are sometimes "missed opportunities to ratchet down the encounter, to slow things down, to call in additional resources," Chuck Wexler, executive director of the group, wrote in the report. 

It's no wonder. Disengagement and patience, the report found, are "sometimes seen as antithetical" to traditional police culture.


[printable page]



La integrante de la Campaña abolicionista “Ni una mujer más víctima de las redes de prostitución” sostuvo ante SEMlac que “los Estados no deben reprimir a las personas en prostitución, tampoco penalizar el ejercicio individual de la prostitución. Deben establecer políticas públicas para que las personas no deban sumirse en esa violencia, impulsar los cambios culturales para que la sexualidad sea consensuada, libre y placentera para ambas partes. Lo que NO puede hacer el Estado es, justamente, lo que propone Amnistía Internacional, ya que se convertirían así en Estados proxenetas”.

La figura de “Estado proxeneta”, redunda -según D´Angelo- en un Estado que “regula sin el objetivo de proteger; sino para asegurar un negocio millonario que se basa en el sometimiento. Requiere que los gobiernos acepten y legalicen la industria de la explotación sexual, también deberá haber una aceptación social, por eso la confusa propaganda: ´proteger violando´. Vuelve a poner a cuerpos vulnerados como variable de ajuste de las crisis que genera el neoliberalismo”.

AI se refiere a la prostitución como: trabajo sexual consentido entre adultos. La integrante de la Campaña Abolicionista “Ni una mujer más víctima de las redes de prostitución” cuestiona las expresiones: “trabajo sexual” y “trabajadoras sexuales”.


[printable page]


El 27 de julio de 2015 fue dada a conocer la sentencia del juicio por el caso Arroyo Navajo, 697 años y seis meses fue la sentencia dictada tras ser declarados culpables de los delitos de trata de personas y homicidio agravado en razón de género.

Luego de 23 años de impunidad en los asesinatos cometidos contra mujeres y niñas de la entidad, los cuales suman más de mil 500 mujeres, se dictó la primera sentencia que se vislumbra como un acercamiento en la búsqueda de acceso a la justicia para los familiares de las víctimas.


[printable page]


"We want the number of reports from sexual assault survivors to go up, but the prevalence to go down."

Close to half of residential four-year colleges nationwide reported zero sexual assaults from 2011 to 2013, according to a new analysis of federal data shared in advance with The Huffington Post, something sexual assault advocates and experts consider a troubling sign.

"If you see a school with zero reports, then it suggests that at that school, no one's comfortable reporting it," said Lara Kaufmann, senior counsel at the National Women's Law Center. 

Forty-five percent of colleges nationwide reported zero sexual assaults during the two-year period, while another 19 percent reported only one or two, according to the analysis, which was conducted by market research firm Fractl and published Monday on PsychGuides.com. A total of 71 percent of schools reported three or fewer instances of assault.


[printable page]

Amnesty has voted to support pimps and sex buyers rather than people in prostitution – 90% of whom are not “voluntary sex workers” but people who ended up in prostitution as a last-ditch survival alternative and who urgently want to escape it.
Please support groups that provide for and advocate for what women in prostitution tell us they want: EXIT SERVICES and ABOLITIONIST POLICY.
Here are just a few of many groups who need your support:
For example YOU CAN SUPPORT abolitionist groups led by survivors of prostitution such as AWAN (Aboriginal Women’s Action Network) (Canada), SPACE International (Ireland), Buklod (Philippines), Bagong Kamalayan (Philippines).
For example YOU CAN SUPPORT groups offering services with an abolitionist perspective on prostitution such as Apne Aap (India), Breaking Free (USA), CATW-Asia Pacific (Philippines), Eaves (UK), Embrace Dignity (South Africa), Miramed (Russia), Organization for Prostitution Survivors (USA), Vancouver Rape Relief (Canada), Ruhama (Ireland), Solwodi (Germany), Stigamot (Iceland), Women’s Support Project (Scotland).
AND YOU CAN SUPPORT groups advocating abolitionist policy and research: CAP (France), CLES (Canada), CATW (USA), PRE (Prostitution Research & Education) (USA).
The press have quoted factual errors and Amnesty leaders have lied or misspoken. See a statement from 214 scholars and researchers from 20 countries who rejected Amnesty International’s policy of decriminalized pimping, sex-buying, and brothel keeping. Instead, based on what is known about prostitution, all of us support the Nordic model law on prostitution that decriminalizes ONLY the prostituted, providing them with exit services and support. The Nordic law criminalizes sex buyers and pimps. PRESS RELEASE, PETITION & SIGNERS. Signers are from Australia, Austria, Canada, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Norway, Philippines, Scotland, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, UK, USA, and Venezuela.


Without inequality prostitution would cease to exist.

Petition to designate AI as Men’s Rights Extremists.

Poor and ethnically marginalized women in Indian prostitution object to AI proposal.

If it supports decriminalized prostitution, Amnesty can no longer claim to defend human rights.

UK Guardian calls Amnesty International call to legalize prostitution: “incoherent,” “divisive,” “distracting.”

[printable page]

 John Salveson didn’t give up his obsession with the Catholic Church easily. There were polite letters in the early 1980s, asking that the priest who molested him when he was a teenager be removed.

His bishop wrote back, but the priest remained, transferring parishes through the late ’80s, according to a grand jury report. “Sincerely yours in Christ,” the bishop closed his letters.

Later, Salveson led a group that advocated for church reform. But by the mid-2000s, he had grown discouraged and shifted his focus to pushing for stronger laws and enforcement.

Prompted by Pope Francis’s trip to Philadelphia this fall, Salveson has renewed his activism toward the church, calling for the pontiff and other participants in a global Catholic meeting on family issues to discuss child sex abuse by clergy members and wear black ribbons to represent “the darkness that infects the souls of survivors,” he said.


SEE ALSO: MO--Victims diss bishop's apology

[printable page]

August 11, 2015

Dear Amnesty Delegates, 

We write to you as the members of Vancouver Rape Relief and Women's
Shelter, a collective of front-line anti violence workers and
feminists and Canada's first rape crisis centre. Since 1973 we have
responded to over 40,000 women escaping male violence. We work toward
women's liberation globally and to end all forms of male violence
against women, including prostitution.
We strongly urge you to retract the resolution on "sex work" that was
voted in this morning, August 11th, 2015. We are extremely alarmed by
the disregard of mounting criticism by feminists, survivors of
prostitution, anti-violence workers, abolitionists and other allies in
the fight for women's liberation.
Amnesty International's decision to support the decriminalization of
all aspects of prostitution promotes the subordination of women and
legitimizes the buying and selling of women and girls. As you already
know, the majority of those sold into prostitution globally are women
and girls, and women of colour, Aboriginal women, and women living in
poverty are grossly overrepresented. Those who are responsible for the
buying, selling and trafficking of women are overwhelmingly men. This
fact alone reflects the stark power imbalance between men and women
that this industry flourishes and thrives on.
Amnesty International's insistence that it "considers human
trafficking abhorrent in all its forms" while promoting the
decriminalization of pimps and johns displays a refusal to recognize
the reality that the male demand for women's bodies fuels the global
trafficking of women.
As an organization that claims to promote the human rights of
marginalized people globally, you are making a grave mistake. This
decision is harmful to women in prostitution and promotes the power
and impunity of pimps and johns to continue their war on women and girls.
The decision to call for the decriminalization of men who buy and sell
women supports and encourages a capitalist multi-billion dollar
industry that is inherently patriarchal, colonial, classist, and
racist. In adopting this resolution, Amnesty International will help
legitimize the exploitation and abuse of women and girls worldwide.
The Collective of Vancouver Rape Relief and Women's Shelter,
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

SEE ALSO: UPDATED: Sweden's Prostitution Solution, Why Hasn't Anyone Tried This Before?

[printable page]

"When Men Change" tells the story of four men who changed the way they think about gender equality, sexual and reproductive health, and violence. In recent years, there has been increased interest in exploring how men can contribute to promoting gender equality and preventing violence against women and girls. As the evidence base grows, now is the time to answer the question: “What works to engage men in achieving gender equality?”
This film, produced by Promundo, illustrates what interventions have proven to be effective when engaging men and boys in advancing gender equality and preventing gender-based violence, from the health sector to the workplace.

[printable page]

Making Sexual and Domestic Violence Services Accessible to Individuals with Limited English Proficiency: A Planning Tool for Advocacy Organizations by the National Latin@ Network for Healthy Families and Communities, a project of Casa de Esperanza (2015)

This toolkit bridges the gap between the laws, rules, and standards of services; and the effort necessary - community assessments, program policy, staff training, etc. - to develop and implement language access services for survivors with limited English proficiency (LEP). The toolkit includes:

  • Start a New Plan - a step-by-step process for developing your first written Language Access Plan;
  • Critical Conversations to Improve Language Access - a guide to reviewing and enhancing an existing Language Access Plan; and
  • Language Access Plan Template - to break down the planning process into manageable pieces and make sure the final product has elements critical to a complete.
  • View Full Resource: HTML HTML


[printable page]

A Collaborative Study in Partnership With the Los Angeles Police Department, the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, and the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office


This study documented the extent of case attrition in sexual assault cases in Los Angeles City and County, and it identified the factors that increase the likelihood of case attrition, followed by recommendations for reforming policy and practice in processing sexual assault cases.



The study had five interrelated objectives: 1) to document the extent of case attrition and to identify the stages of the criminal justice process where attrition is most likely to occur; 2) to identify the case complexities and evidentiary factors that affect the likelihood of attrition in sexual assault cases; 3) to identify the predictors of case outcomes in sexual assault cases; 4) to provide a comprehensive analysis of the factors that lead police to unfound the charges in sexual assault cases; and 5) to identify the situations in which sexual assault cases are being cleared by exceptional means.

Findings pertained to the likelihood that a sexual assault case would be unfounded, the likelihood the suspect would be arrested, and the likelihood that charges would be rejected by the district attorney due to a mix of case and victim characteristics. None of the outcomes were affected by the bureau or agency that investigated the crime; the victim‘s race/ethnicity; whether the suspect physically, as well as sexually, assaulted the victim; or the type of resistance offered by the victim. The authors used quantitative data on the outcomes of sexual assaults reported to the LAPD and the LASD from 2005 to 2009, detailed quantitative and qualitative data from case files for a sample of cases reported to the two agencies in 2008, and qualitative data from interviews with detectives and with deputy district attorneys with the Los Angeles District Attorney's Office who handled sexual assault cases during this time period.



[printable page]

Entrevista a Ángeles Álvarez, portavoz de Igualdad del Psoe en el Congreso

Madrid, 29 julio. 15, AmecoPress. Desde julio de este año Ángeles Álvarez es la portavoz de Igualdad del Psoe en el Congreso, sustituyendo a Carmen Montón. Pero ha trabajado, y mucho, dentro de esa Cámara y aunque es posible que se la recuerde especialmente por haber sido la primera mujer que se declaró públicamente lesbiana siendo diputada, su labor en política busca sobre todo materializar las propuestas del Feminismo, movimiento en el que milita desde que tenía 17 años y que define su manera de entender el mundo. Activa, traduce su dilatada experiencia en temas como la violencia de género o la lucha por los derechos sexuales en charla concentrada y ágil. Estudiosa, propone nuevas reflexiones feministas para desentrañar el sistema de creencias y valores que amenaza con limitar el avance de las mujeres y cuyas consecuencias se expresan también en el campo político, un escenario en el que ella se mueve bien.



[printable page]

President Barack Obama continues to push for Congress to sign off on a nuclear deal with Iran. But the historic negotiation was brokered with the help of an unprecedented number of female diplomats.
When an agreement is struck among parties, it is standard practice to "shake on it" in order to seal the deal.
But when a historic nuclear accord was reached in Vienna, Austria, on 14 July between Iran and the P5+1, the Iranian negotiators could not shake the hands of their female interlocutors due to the country's strict religious customs.
Three Western women - two European and one American - were central to a comprehensive deal reached to curb Iran's nuclear programme.
Federica Mogherini
EXCERPT: Having three women as senior negotiators in the Iran talks was unprecedented.
"Even inside the European Union it's not that often it happens that there are more women sitting at the table than men," Ms Mogherini told the BBC.
"So it was somehow new, but it's my personal feeling that it was helpful."
She says when the men veered off course and went on historical tangents or started to get tangled into debates about who gave more, the women walked them back to the present.
"The fact of having many women at the table in key positions helped us be concrete and pragmatic the whole way."

[printable page]

This October will mark the 15th anniversary of the adoption of U.N. Security Council Resolution 1325. The landmark resolution on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) recognises not only the disproportionate impact armed conflict has on women, but also the lack of women’s involvement in conflict resolution and peace-making.

It calls for the full and equal participation of women in conflict prevention, peace negotiations, humanitarian response and post-conflict reconstruction and urges member states to incorporate a gender perspective in all areas of peace-building and to take measures to protect women from sexual violence in armed conflict.

The key challenges in protecting women and children in emergencies, and ensuring women are able to participate in these processes, is not related to knowing what needs to happen. We need a commitment to do it." -- Marcy Hersh


Since its passage, 1325 has been followed by six additional resolutions (1820, 1888, 1889, 1960, 2106 and 2122).

But despite all these commitments on paper, actual implementation of the WPS agenda in the real world continues to lag, according to humanitarian workers and activists.  CONTINUES

Liberian National Police Officer Lois Dolo provides security at the third annual commemoration of the Global Open Day on Women, Peace and Security in Liberia. The event was themed “Women Demand Access to Justice”

[printable page]



.    Introduction and scope

II.    General issues and recommendations on women’s access to justice

A.     Justiciability, availability, accessibility, good-quality, provision of remedies and accountability of justice systems

B.    Discriminatory laws, procedures and practices

C.     Stereotyping and gender bias in the justice system and the importance of capacity building

D.    Education and awareness-raising on impact of stereotypes

D.1. Education in a gender perspective

D.2. Awareness-raising through civil society, media and Information and

Communication Technologies (ICTs)

E.     Legal aid and public defense

F.     Resources

III.    Recommendations for specific areas of law

A.    Constitutional law

B.    Civil law

C.    Family law

D.    Criminal law

E.     Ad ministrative, social and labour law

IV.  Recommendations for specific mechanisms

A. Specialized judicial and quasi -judicial systems, and international and regional justice systems

B. Alternative dispute resolution processes

C. National human rights institutions and ombuds offices

D. Plural justice systems

V. Withdrawal of reservations to the Convention

VI. Ratification of the Optional Protocol to the Convention


[printable page]

El 3 de junio, decenas de miles de personas se concentraron en la plaza Congreso, en la ciudad de Buenos Aires, escena replicada en las principales ciudades del interior del país, bajo la consigna Ni una Menos. Por primera vez en la historia de nuestro país –por lo masivo–, la consigna de la convocatoria fue la violencia de género y la sostenida cifra de femicidios producidos en Argentina. En la concentración, si bien pudo observarse una inusual presencia masculina, la inmensa mayoría de las manifestantes eran mujeres. Ello resulta obvio si se tiene en cuenta que la casi totalidad de los femicidios son llevados a cabo por hombres y, a su vez, la inmensa mayoría de las agresiones de género son efectuadas por varones (88 por ciento, según la Base de Datos del Programa Las Víctimas contra las Violencias que dirige Eva Giberti). Allí se leyó un documento alusivo a la convocatoria. De los nueve puntos del petitorio que sintetiza el documento, cabe recordar –por razones de espacio–, dos. En el cuarto punto, se piden “Garantías para las víctimas de violencia. Implementación del monitoreo electrónico de los victimarios para asegurar que no violen las restricciones de acercamiento que impone la Justicia”. En el siguiente, se exigen “Garantías para el acceso de las víctimas a la Justicia”.

Hace pocos días, en Manzanares, partido de Pilar, María Belén Morán, de 23 años, fue apuñalada y degollada hasta morir, por quien habría sido su pareja. Junto a su desangrado cuerpo, en medio del barro de la zanja, una pequeña cartera contenía un oficio judicial de fecha 22 de julio, dirigido al encargado de la Comisaría 1ª de Pilar. En ese documento, el Juzgado de Familia 1 de Pilar ordena notificar a la ex pareja de María Belén que se “decretó la prohibición de acercamiento” del ahora prófugo, respecto de la víctima y su familia.


[printable page]