Womens Justice Center




















News Round-up ~ Resumen de noticias


 

La trata de personas y su explotación sexual es una pesadilla en América Latina y a nivel mundial. El problema es ignorado a pesar de ser el tercer negocio más lucrativo, tras el narcotráfico y la venta de armas. Además según la ONU, más de 4,000.000 mujeres son vendidas cada año para servir en prostitución, esclavitud o matrimonio, y más de 2,000.000 niñas son introducidas en el comercio sexual.

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It is very likely that Pope Francis will issue an encyclical Thursday that will endorse the scientific consensus that the earth is warming and that this change in climate is caused in large part by greenhouse gases generated by human activity. One cheer for the pope! All things considered, it obviously is a good thing that the pope recognizes the reality of climate change.

Unfortunately, when it comes to proposing remedies for the problem, the pope ignores one of the principal underlying causes, not just for global warming, but for other looming ecological disasters.

The pope will apparently recommend reduction in the use of fossil fuels. Sure, yes, that will help and virtually everyone agrees that should be done. Of course, how to bring about this reduction in fossil fuels without adverse economic consequences is a subject of much debate, and here, apparently, the pope has nothing to offer but nostrums. Exhortations to lead a simpler life and a call for richer nations to assist poorer nations in the transition away from fossil fuels sound more like wishful thinking than practical solutions.

There is one very practical measure, immediately realizable and eminently feasible that is, as it were, staring the pope right in the face: The pope should not only end the Catholic Church's morally absurd and repugnant opposition to contraception, but should urge all families to engage in responsible family planning.

Reducing population growth would have a substantial positive effect on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. One persuasive scientific analysis indicates that reducing population growth could help achieve 37 percent to 41 percent of the targeted reduction in emissions by the end of the century. This paper also pointed out that "there is a substantial unmet need for family planning and reproductive health services in many countries."

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Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand's (D-N.Y.) proposed military sexual assault reform that failed Tuesday in the Senate by a vote of 50-49. | MANDEL NGAN via Getty Images
 
Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand's (D-N.Y.) proposed military sexual assault reform fell short on Tuesday of the 60 votes it needed to pass in the Senate, for the second year in a row.

Gillibrand's bipartisan amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act would have removed sexual assault cases from the military chain of the command and established an independent justice system to handle those crimes. Gillibrand said military rape victims are afraid to report their crimes because they don't trust the chain of command not to retaliate against them for doing so. According to the latestDepartment of Defense survey, three out of four servicemembers don't trust the system enough to report their assaults, and one in seven military sexual assault survivors said their perpetrator was someone in their chain of command.

"Our sons, our daughters, our husbands, our wives are being betrayed by the greatest military on earth," Gillibrand told her colleagues before the vote.

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Meet Claudia Paz y Paz, Guatamela's first female attorney general, who, upon entering office, garnered a reputation for fearlessly indicting elite members of her country's government and organized crime units, many of whom had enjoyed decades of living "above the law." "Burden of Peace" follows Paz y Paz -- named by Forbes as one of thefive most powerful women changing the world in 2012 -- throughout her term starting in 2010, watching as she tackles cases against former dictator Efraín Ríos Montt and the instigators of the Dos Erres massacre that resulted in the deaths of 200 men, women and children. Directed by Joey Boink. (Screens Tuesday, June 16, at IFC Center and Thursday, June 18, at the Film Society of Lincoln Center)

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Recognizing that sensitive and complicated dynamics related to child discipline arise in domestic violence shelters, this Technical Assistance Guidance focuses on challenges regarding parenting and discipline of children who reside in these shelters, proposing a variety of recommendations for practice. 

View Full Resource: PDF PDF

 

VAWNET SUMMARY:

Supporting Parenting of Children Residing in Domestic Violence Shelters by Casey Keene & Ivonne Ortiz for the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (May 2015)

Each year, thousands of children accompany their mothers into domestic violence shelters after witnessing and experiencing abuse in their homes. In just one day in 2013, domestic violence programs across the country and US Territories served 66,581 victims. Of that number, 19,431 were children who found refuge in an emergency shelter or transitional housing program. Children are impacted by domestic violence at home in a variety of ways and are therefore particularly vulnerable upon entering shelter with their mothers. Recognizing that sensitive and complicated dynamics related to child discipline arise in domestic violence shelters, this Technical Assistance Guidance focuses on challenges regarding parenting and discipline of children who reside in these shelters, proposing a variety of recommendations regarding this topic. Resources for further education, training and staff development are included.

 

 

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Entrevista a Jorge Zepeda Patterson.El escritor mexicano ganó el Premio Planeta con una novela sobre la trata de mujeres.

 

 

Desde que Milena o el fémur más bello del mundo convirtió a Jorge Zepeda Patterson en el primer mexicano que obtiene el Premio Planeta de Novela, dotado con más de 600 mil euros, el autor no para de girar por la vasta geografía hispanohablante. Luego vendrán las traducciones a lenguas inesperadas, como el turco o el croata, porque ya le ocurrió con su anterior trabajo narrativo Los corruptores.

Es que el ensayista, columnista de diarios de referencia, fundador de Siglo XXI - el diario que marcó un mojón en el periodismo mexicano-, maestro de reporteros y novelista, tiene obsesiones que comparte con mucha gente: la corrupción política, el envilecimiento de las fuerzas de seguridad, la trata de personas, el narcotráfico, el crimen organizado que se extiende sin pausa. Con apenas dos novelas, Jorge Zepeda Patterson ya está en boca de editores, lectores y medios de comunicación.

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An investigation into the abuse and exploitation of aboriginal women in Canada and the authorities' failure to stop it.

Canada's aboriginal women make up a small fraction of its population, yet for decades they have suffered disproportionally from abuse, exploitation and murder.

Since the 1980s, over 1,000 indigenous women have been murdered in this developed North American nation, yet, according to campaigners and human rights groups, too few of these cases have resulted in arrests or prosecution.

Amid mounting claims of official indifference to the problem that some say has its roots in racism and the country's colonial past, People & Power asks why police and the government are not doing more to tackle crimes against Canada's first nation females.

SEE ARTICLE

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Plural Legal Systems

Does this woman living along a mountain cave complex on the outskirts of Bamian, Afghanistan, know she has CIVIL LAW RIGHTS in her country?? She is a member of the Hazara, one of the largest ethnic groups in Afghanistan.

The due diligence principle & The role of the state: Discrimination against women in family & cultural life

http://duediligenceproject.org/Home_files/DDP%20UNWG%20Submission%20Final%20300115.pdf

“States must also address shortcomings in the formal system to make it accessible so that women may opt to use the formal system and are supported when they attempt to access the formal system.”

Plural Legal Systems

States with multiple sources of law or diverse sociocultural demographics must ensure that customary or religious legal systems are interpreted (or reinterpreted) to meet contemporary and changing dynamics, values and challenges. States should circumscribe the applicability of such laws if they breach women’s human rights.

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Av. Entre Ríos 181 
Contactos: Daniela 1140452394 Mafalda 1165520905
 
 En este momento la Confluencia Movimiento Popular La Dignidad/ Movimiento Tupaj Katari y la Corriente Villera Independiente estamos acampando frente al Consejo Nacional de las Mujeres para dar continuidad a la gran convocatoria  del 3 de junio, manifestándonos una vez más en contra de todas las formas de violencia hacia las mujeres, para que no haya una mujer más perseguida, desaparecida y muerta en manos de este sistema patriarcal. En los días siguientes, los reclamos se multiplicaron y no así las respuestas. Hace muchos años que denunciamos esta situación y el gobierno y las instituciones nos han dado la espalda, una y otra vez. No basta con crear registros de los femicidios, no queremos morir más. Queremos que el Estado y los gobiernos de turno dejen de violentarnos con sus políticas de hambre, miseria, explotación, saqueo, despojo y represión.
 
Por la responsabilidad del Estado machista y la justicia cómplice es que exigimos :
 
* Apertura de Programas de Trabajo para Mujeres
 
* Respuesta al problema habitacional de las mujeres que sufren violencia
 
* Financiamiento para Casas de las Mujeres en todo el país
 
* Declaración de la Emergencia Nacional de Violencia hacia las mujeres 
 
Confluencia Movimiento Popular La Dignidad/ Movimiento Tupaj Katari - Corriente Villera Independiente

 

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A mother who attempted to commit suicide last week while locked up in a family detention center in Karnes City, Texas, was deported Tuesday along with her 4-year-old son.

Immigration and Customs Enforcement officials had prevented the woman, Lilian Yamileth Oliva, 19, from meeting with her attorneys, according to Javier Maldonado, one of the lawyers working on her case. He added that Oliva had a strong case to avoid deportation because she had faced domestic abuse and death threats in her home country of Honduras.

Maldonado, who took over the case from another attorney, told The Huffington Post that before he could move forward, he needed to obtain the copy of the Board of Immigration Appeals decision that was in Oliva's possession and to interview his client. He says he was unable to do either before Oliva was deported.

 

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Professor Elizabeth Heineman’s talk at OSU focused on international humanitarian law and human rights law regarding violence against women. As she noted, sexual violence in settings of armed conflict may now be prosecuted as a grave violation of international humanitarian law, yet many states lack adequate frameworks to address “peacetime” issues covered under the human rights framework, such as intimate partner violence. She explores the reasons for this disparity.

Heineman is chair of the Department of History at the University of Iowa, specializes in modern German and European history and in the history of women, gender, and sexuality. Her many publications include What Difference Does a Husband Make?: Women and Marital Status in Nazi and Postwar Germany and Before Porn was Legal. She edited the highly acclaimed anthology, The History of Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones. Herself the daughter and granddaughter of Holocaust survivors, she is currently embarked on an ambitious project to examine the intrafamilial relationships of Jews leading toward the Holocaust and then after it, to see how family members responded to persecution and later to genocide.

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EXCERPT:

The investigation had taken over a year and had led agents into the darkest depths of a world few know about, a world where terrorists, drug dealers and pedophiles roam freely. Known as “the Dark Web,” it is a series on non-indexed sites around the world that create an abyss 500 times larger than the Internet you and I surf every day.

Tor is free software that allows a user to browse, send e-mail and chat anonymously. It also allows users access to the “Dark Web.” A 2014 study by University of Portsmouth computer science researcher Gareth Owen discovered a startling 80 percent of the traffic to sites on the Dark Web were associated with child pornography.

In an interview with CBS News, Greg Virgin, who formerly worked with the National Security Agency and is now a cyber security consultant to children’s rights groups commented, “It was just an awful realization, discovering there were tens of thousands of people who are not only trading child pornography, but planning to exploit children.”

On the Dark Web, pedophile “shopping” sites advertise children for sale as well as take “orders” for specific age groups. Virgin said, “We found one site where users openly advertised the ages of the children they were interested in. The average youngest age they were seeking for girls was zero years old. And the average age for boys was one.”

FULL ARTICLE HERE

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Treatment for Juvenile and Adult Sex Offenders Rated by CrimeSolutions.gov

Treatment Programs for Adult and Juvenile Sex Offenders and

Adult Sex Offender Treatment Programs Receive Mixed Ratings
Adult sex offender treatment programs include a variety of psychological interventions, cognitive–behavioral treatments, and behavioral therapies targeting adult sex offenders with the overall aim of reducing the risk and potential harm associated with releasing this population back into the community. The practice is rated Promising by CrimeSolutions.gov for reducing rates of general recidivism and sexual recidivism, but rated No Effects on violent recidivism rates. Learn more about this program and the evaluations on CrimeSolutions.gov.

Juvenile Sex Offender Treatment Programs Receive Mixed Ratings
The practice of Juvenile Sex Offender Treatment covers a variety of treatment modalities (including cognitive behavioral therapy, relapse prevention, and multisystemic therapy) designed to reduce the risks and harms associated with juveniles at risk of committing sexual offenses. The practice is rated “Promising” for reducing juveniles’ rates of general recidivism and sexual recidivism, but rated “No Effects” on violent recidivism rates. Learn more about this program and the evaluations on CrimeSolutions.gov.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Children with Sexual Behavior Problems Rated “Effective” 
This short-term, outpatient group treatment program for school-age children with sexual behavior problems provides cognitive-behavioral, psychoeducational, and supportive services to children and their families. The program is rated Effective for reducing sexual offenses in youth. Learn more about this program and the evaluations on CrimeSolutions.gov.

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"What happens to a citizen when hundreds of images of child pornography are found on their computer and phone? Well, if you are a law enforcement officer, the answer is, nothing.

An investigation into the New Orleans Police Department has revealed a disturbing lack of discipline for individuals who’ve been caught and accused of despicable acts.

The residents of a Mandeville neighborhood felt safe knowing that a 16-year veteran of the NOPD, Sgt Bradley Wax lived down their street. However, that would quickly change after Wax was arrested and charged with 38 counts of possessing child pornography.

The Louisiana Attorney General’s office conducted a search on Wax’s personal computer and other electronic devices and found them to be full of explicit photos of young children."

Becca Frucht (http://www.twitter.com/beccafrucht), Karamo Brown (http://www.tytnetwork.com/KaramoBrown) and Ana Kasparian (http://www.twitter.com/AnaKasparian) discuss on The Young Turks. 

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Popular Education (PE) is a Latin American approach designed in the 60s by Brazilian educator Paulo Freire[1].  It is non-formal education that identifies with the struggles of different oppressed groups that has been adopted by social and political organizations across the continent as a tool for social change. AWID spoke with Argentinian feminist popular educator Claudia Korol, member of Pañuelos en Rebeldía[2] about how PE is used as a tool to create feminist knowledge and open up discussions in mixed-gender organizations. - 

SEE INTERVIEW

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#NotOneLess surpasses expectations as lawmakers, celebrities, public turn out in force

“Not One Less” (Ni Una Menos) read the signs carried by thousands of demonstrators yesterday in Buenos Aires City.

The slogan and its sentiment gathered more than 200,000 people outside the National Congress. Women were the dominant presence, but men were also in the crowd to condemn gender violence, amid a recent rise in the number of women killed.

Protesters demanded that action be taken by the three branches of state as government officials, opposition leaders, judges and prosecutors also took to the streets in an attempt to make it clear they shared the concerns.

“Femicide is the most extreme form of violence that crosses every social class, beliefs or ideas. But femicide is also a political concept: it’s the word that reveals the way in which a society sees something as natural when it isn’t: sexist violence,” the organizers yesterday read on a stage located in the Dos Congresos square outside Congress.

The square was packed almost an hour before 5pm, when the demonstration was scheduled to begin. The journalists who made the issue go mainstream were on the stage that was set up to outline the final details.

The longtime feminist activists were wearing their purple T-shirts and waving banners as they have always done to demand action be taken to stop homicides against women.

“In 2008, a woman was killed every 40 hours. In 2014, every 30. Over the past seven years, the media reported 1,808 femicides. How many women have been killed so far this year?” actor Juan Minujín wondered as he read the statement drafted by the organizers of the massive protest. “We don’t know but we really know is that we have to say ‘stop,’” he added.

The protest was replicated in more than 80 cities around the country as protesters took to the streets after it was revealed that 14-year-old adolescent Chiara Páez — who was also pregnant — was murdered by her boyfriend and buried in his house in the city of Rufino, Santa Fe province.

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SEE ALSO:  Murder of pregnant 14-year-old who was found under boyfriend's patio sparks protests in Argentina

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Hubo marchas con cientos de adhesiones de famosos y ONG’s. El acto central fue frente al Congreso. Y argentinos que viven en Uruguay, Chile y Miami también se sumaron. Nos están matando Basta de femicidios #niunamenos  marchamos contra la violencia machista. La violencia contra las mujeres es un problema político y su solución, también.

Video. Los testimonios de #NiUnaMenos en el Congreso, *** Video desde un drone.#NiUnaMenos, vista desde el aire, *** Fotos HD. Las mejores imágenes de la marcha, ***  Zaffaroni. Por qué cree que no existe el femicidio en Argentina, *** Ergün Demir El actor de "Las mil y una noches" participó de la marcha,  *** Flor de la V. "Este día es una bisagra: hay un antes y un después",  *** Miami Un clamor que se escuchó con Karina Jelinek presente, *** Uruguay.#NiUnaMenos tuvo su acto en Montevideo, *** Messi. Respaldó la marcha #NiUnaMenos desde Europa, *** Sin filtro. Polémicos dichos de la Negra Vernaci sobre la marcha

 

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#Niunamenos

Los problemas más comunes con los que se encuentran las mujeres cuando quieren terminar con una situación de violencia.

#NiUnaMenos, los afiches que convocan a través de las redes sociales.

 
Mabel Bianco, presidenta de la Fundación para Estudio e Investigación de la Mujer (Feim), explicó cuáles son los problemas más comunes con los que se encuentran las víctimas a la hora de intentar terminar con la situación de violencia. 

1.      Denuncias: aunque en general las comisarías toman las denuncias, todavía hay algunas no las toman si no hay lesiones.

2.      Faltan guías y personal capacitado: la ley 26.485 establece que cada Ministerio debe hacer actividades que incluyan las guías de procedimientos que permitirían tener modelos de capacitación unificados en todo el país. Esto hasta ahora no se ha implementado.

3.      La denuncia y el después: “Una vez realizada la denuncia, en la comisaría informan al agresor enseguida (esto no se hace en otras denuncias), entonces el denunciado concurre a la comisaría y niega todo. Luego va a buscar a la denunciante para decirle que no lo va a hacer más o explicarle lo que él dice o cree. Pero es en ese encuentro cuando puede producirse una agresión mayor. En algunos casos la mujer vuelve al domicilio que comparte con el agresor y el encuentro es forzoso.

4.      Falta de preparación de la víctima: “En general una vez hecha la denuncia o idealmente antes, hay que preparar a la mujer para lo que sigue a la denuncia y cómo debe prepararse y cuidarse. Esto no se hace”.

5.      No hay red de contención: salvo en muy pocos lugares, no existe una red de contención para las víctimas. Esto es, asesoramiento psicológico, legal y sobre todo social y humano que acompañe a las mujeres antes y después de la denuncia. “Esto es necesario porque lo que sigue a la denuncia es un proceso complejo legamente y también de alto riesgo para la mujer”.

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Title: 

 

Unfounding Sexual Assault: Examining the Decision To Unfound and Identifying False Reports

Journal: Law & Society Review  Volume:48  Issue:1  Dated:2014  Pages:161 to 192
  
Document URL: HTML   
Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/
Annotation: 

One of the most controversial—and least understood—issues in the area of sexual violence is the prevalence of false reports of rape. Estimates of the rate of false reports vary widely, which reflects differences in the way false reports are defined and in the methods that researchers use to identify them. The current study addressed this issue using a mixed methods approach that incorporated quantitative and qualitative data on sexual assault cases that were reported to the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) in 2008 and qualitative data from interviews with LAPD detectives assigned to investigate reports of sexual assault.

 

Abstract: The study found that the LAPD was clearing cases as unfounded appropriately most, but not all, of the time, and the study estimated that the rate of false reports among cases reported to the LAPD was 4.5 percent. It was also found that although complainant recantation was the strongest predictor of the unfounding decision, other factors indicative of the seriousness of the incident and the credibility of the victim also played a role. These findings are interpreted using an integrated theoretical perspective that incorporates both Black's sociological theory of law and Steffensmeier, Ulmer, and Kramer's focal concerns perspective. 

 

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Take action!

Human rights defender, Gladys Lanza Ochoa, continues to face intimidation and harassment following her sentencing to 18-months imprisonment on 26 March 2015. An appeal against the sentencing has been lodged before the Supreme Court of Honduras.

Gladys Lanza Ochoa is Coordinator of the Movimiento de Mujeres por la Paz Visitación Padilla (Honduran Women's Committee for Peace "Visitación Padilla"), a collective of women human rights defenders from across Honduras who work on issues such as gender violence and women's participation in public life, in addition to advocating for democracy and human rights in Honduras. Over the last years, Gladys Lanza Ochoa, as well as other members of Visitación Padilla have been regularly victims of threats, intimidation and surveillance in connection with their human rights work.

Most recently, on 14 May 2015, the human rights defender was followed by unidentified persons riding motorcycles and driving a car that did not bear registration plates. This intimidation occurs right after Gladys Lanza Ochoa's lawyer launched her appeal before the Supreme Court against her sentence to 18 months in prison.

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profile photo

By Becky Owens Bullard

Over the past 6 years working in the anti-trafficking field, I’ve seen an enormous amount of positive growth in conjunction with many negative challenges.  I’ve often attributed this to the anti-trafficking movement being in its “adolescence,” as it is technically much younger than the anti-sexual and domestic violence movements that began in the 1960s and 70s.Human-Trafficking-Word-Cloud

This so-called adolescence has its benefits: the anti-trafficking movement is energetic, optimistic, and very popular. Everyone seems to want to work on human trafficking, the news media consistently covers the topic, and donors are looking to fund anti-trafficking efforts.  Additionally, passionate organizations and experts are doing ground-breaking work to combat trafficking. The field is understandably taking advantage of this energy and popularity by gaining some of the strongholds that the domestic violence and sexual assault movements were able to gain in the 80s and 90s – longer-standing organizations are solidifying their leadership, shelters are developing and programs expanding, and anti-trafficking laws are moving through political gridlock to assist survivors and hold exploiters accountable.

However, adolescence also has its “growing pains” and the anti-trafficking field can sometimes be just as erratic and impetuous as your average teenager.  

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Journal: ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science  Volume:653  Issue:1  Dated:May 2014  Pages:46 to 64
Author: Amy Farrell ; Rebecca Pfeffer

ABSTRACT:

Annotation: 

Using data from case records and qualitative interviews with police, prosecutors, and victim service providers in 12 counties, this article discusses the challenges local police face in identifying cases of human trafficking.

 

Abstract: 

Since 2000, the Federal Government and all 50 States have passed laws that criminalize the trafficking of persons for labor and commercial sex. To date, relatively few human trafficking cases have been identified, investigated, and prosecuted by local criminal justice authorities.

The current study found that the culture of local police agencies and the perceptions of police officials about human trafficking do not support the identification of a broad range of human trafficking cases. Since local definitions of human trafficking are still evolving, police focus on sex trafficking of minors, which they perceive to be the most serious problem facing their communities. Reluctance to differentiate between vice and sex trafficking minimizes the problem of human trafficking and makes labor trafficking seem largely nonexistent. (Publisher abstract modified)

 

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In 2002, Germany decriminalized prostitution, reportedly due to pressure by the sex trade lobby and a few brothel managers who petitioned the government to develop safety standards and reduce the stigma and violence found in the sex trade. This law effectively rendered the prostitution industry a legitimate business. Today, this experiment is failing. Violence, abuse and trauma have increased for prostituted women in Germany. Some 400,000 women are now in prostitution, the vast majority poor women from abroad, with a linked exponential spike in sex trafficking. Alarmed by this state of affairs, prominent German trauma experts and psychologists signed a petition in December 2014, calling on their government to repeal its decriminalization law as a preventive measure against sexual violence and trauma. Below is an interview with Dr. Ingeborg Kraus, who initiated the petition.

Q: The media has recently labeled Germany the "Bordello of Europe"when describing countrywide mega-brothels. Are these a product of the decriminalization of prostitution in Germany?

Dr. Ingeborg Kraus: Yes. The 2002 law is the most liberal prostitution law in the world in that it eliminates any kind of regulation. The law renders prostitution "a job like any other job" and calls the women "sex workers." This was supposed to make the industry safer and less exploitative, but it hasn't worked. Even theBundeskriminalamt [German federal police] reported that the sex trade and related human trafficking has become more organized and aggressive as a result.

............

Q: What is a "brothel menu"?

IK: Since the law destroyed any questioning of the harm in men buying women for sex, the acts are becoming increasingly dangerous, violent and degrading. Buyers pick from a long list of sexual acts, most of which could easily be defined as torture. They are too graphic to describe here, but for example you can order a "sandwich" (two men and a woman), "blood sports" (involving cutting the woman) or myriad "à la carte" selections involving urination, ejaculation, defecation or worse inflicted on women. The brothels have "gang-bang" floors if a man wants to bring his friends andnudist floors where all women wear are stiletto heels. Even Ellen Templin, a well-known dominatrix and brothel owner in Berlin, says that before the 2002 law she sold sexual services to men, but since the law, she has to sell sexual violence. These acts cause extremely deep, enduring and traumatizing harm to the women.

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Sesión de la Comisión de Justicia y Derechos Humanos del Congreso de la República del Perú en la cual se debate el "Proyecto de Ley que despenaliza el aborto en los casos de embarazos a consecuencia de una violación sexual, inseminación artificial o transferencia de óvulos no consentidas".

El proyecto ha sido presentado por diversas organizaciones abortistas tales como el Movimiento Manuela Ramos, Demus, PROMSEX, Flora Tristán y CLADEM Perú, entre otras.

Intervienen en esta sesión como invitados:
- Dr. Juan Velásquez Salazar. Asesor Legal del Arzobispado de Arequipa.
- Dra. Amparo Medina Guerrero. Ex funcionaria del Fondo de Población de la ONU
- Lic. Carol Maraví. Secretaria Ejecutiva de la Comsión Episcopal de Familia

 

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The Chicago Religious Leadership Network on Latin America (CRLN) is one of the organizations supporting the Unaccompanied Children’s Interfaith Ministry of Chicago.  We witness the children’s stories, prayers, and dreams, and are compelled to ensure that due process is upheld in each case.

Domestic and international law require the US to provide protections and due process to refugees who are arriving at our borders, especially when they are children. The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA) protects children’s basic rights to due process and ensures they will have a day in court. If the TVPRA is rolled back, the US will be endangering the safety of refugee migrant children and will be in grave violation of international conventions.

The TVPRA stipulates that unaccompanied children from non-contiguous countries should be placed under the care and custody of the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) within a period of 72 hours. Through the ORR they are housed in facilities suited to meet their needs and concerns. The TVPRA does not grant children immediate legal status; it protects their right to due process by giving them an opportunity to appear before an immigration judge.All children remain in deportation proceedings, regardless of whether they remain in ORR custody or have been released to a legal guardian or family member. Their families or advocates are responsible for their legal fees, and if they fail to prove that they qualify for asylum or another form of relief under current US law or fail to appear before court, they are ordered deported.  

If the TVPRA is rolled back, “screenings” for the children would likely be conducted by border patrol agents who lack both the social training and legal skills necessary to be able to accurately assess whether or not a basis for relief exists. This is the process currently in place for the Mexican children arriving at our borders tired, hungry, and disoriented. In a short span of hours, they are expected to coherently articulate and convey any and all trauma they have experienced to border patrol agents (who children often fear because of their resemblance to corrupt and violent police authorities back home). This process is considered both ineffective and inappropriate by both the ACLU[1]and the UNHCR,[2] whose studies reveal that 96% of Mexican children are summarily deported, despite many of them having legitimate claims or basis for relief.

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(Washington, DC) – Los miembros de las fuerzas armadas de EE.UU. que han denunciado haber sido víctimas de una agresión sexual sufren con frecuencia represalias que quedan impunes, señaló Human Rights Watch en un informe publicado hoy. El informe es el resultado de una investigación de 18 meses de Human Rights Watch en colaboración con Protect Our Defenders, una organización de derechos humanos que ayuda y trabaja por los supervivientes del abuso sexual militar. A pesar de las amplias reformas por parte del Departamento de Defensa para abordar las agresiones sexuales, el cuerpo militar ha tomado pocas medidas para garantizar que los responsables rindan cuentas o para proveer reparaciones efectivas por los daños causados.

El informe de 113 páginas, “Embattled: Retaliation against Sexual Assault Survivors in the US Military”(“Asediado: Represalias contra las víctimas de abuso sexual en las fuerzas armadas de EE.UU.”), revela que tanto los hombres y las mujeres del cuerpo militar que presentan una denuncia por agresión sexual son 12 veces más propensos a experimentar algún tipo de represalia antes que ver que su atacante es condenado por un delito sexual. Las represalias contra los supervivientes van desde amenazas, vandalismo y hostigamiento a malas asignaciones de trabajo, pérdida de oportunidades de promoción, acciones disciplinarias incluyendo la expulsión, e incluso cargos penales.

“El progreso de las fuerzas armadas estadounidenses para conseguir que los militares denuncien agresiones sexuales no continuará mientras las represalias por presentar una denuncia sigan impunes”, dijo Sara Darehshori, asesora legal sénior de Human Rights Watch y coautora del informe. “Acabar con las represalias es fundamental para abordar el problema de los abusos sexuales en el ejército”.

El exclusivo mecanismo diseñado para proteger a los miembros del cuerpo militar de las represalias relacionadas con el empleo, la Ley de Protección de Denunciantes Militares, todavía no ha ayudado a ningún miembro de las fuerzas armadas cuya carrera se haya visto dañada, a pesar de la prevalencia del problema. Encuestas del Departamento de Defensa revelan que el 62 por ciento de quienes reportan una agresión sexual aseguran haber sufrido represalias. El Congreso debe fortalecer la ley para conceder a los miembros del cuerpo militar el mismo nivel de protección que a los civiles, recomendó Human Rights Watch.

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(Washington, DC) – US military service members who report sexual assault frequently experience retaliation that goes unpunished, Human Rights Watch said.  The report is the result of an 18-month investigation by Human Rights Watch with the support of Protect Our Defenders, a human rights organization that supports and advocates for survivors of military sexual assault. Despite extensive reforms by the Defense Department to address sexual assault, the military has done little to hold retaliators to account or provide effective remedies for retaliation. 

The 113-page report, “Embattled: Retaliation against Sexual Assault Survivors in the US Military,” finds that both male and female military personnel who report sexual assault are 12 times as likely to experience some form of retaliation as to see their attacker convicted of a sex offense. Retaliation against survivors ranges from threats, vandalism, and harassment to poor work assignments, loss of promotion opportunities, disciplinary action including discharge, and even criminal charges.

“The US military’s progress in getting people to report sexual assaults isn’t going to continue as long as retaliation for making a report goes unpunished,” saidSara Darehshori, senior US counsel at Human Rights Watch and co-author of the report. “Ending retaliation is critical to addressing the problem of sexual assault in the military.”

The exclusive mechanism intended to protect service members from employment-related retaliation, the Military Whistleblower Protection Act, has yet to help a single service member whose career was harmed, despite the prevalence of the problem. Defense Department surveys indicate that 62 percent of those who report sexual assault say they experienced retaliation. Congress should strengthen the law to give service members the same level of protection as civilians, Human Rights Watch said.
 

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